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Doc Savage was a fictional character published in American pulp magazines during the 1930s and 1940s. He was created by publisher Henry Ralston and editor John Nanovic at Street and Smith Publications, with additional material contributed by the series' main writer, Lester Dent.

OverviewEdit

The Doc Savage Magazine was printed by Street and Smith Publications from March 1933 to the summer of 1949.The series was the second successful pulp adventure magazine to Shadow,which was first.

In all, 181 issues were published. Doc Savage became more famously known when Bantam Books began reprinting the individual novels from the magazine in 1964, this time with more garish covers that included a blond, golden-skinned Doc Savage with an exaggerated widows' peak, usually wearing a torn khaki shirt never seen in the original Super Sagas,but often imatated by everyone,with exception of Doc Savage movie. The stories to be reprinted were not taken in chronological order as they were published during the Great Depression, but were chosen for quality—though they did begin with the first adventure, The Man of Bronze. By 1967 Bantam published one a month until 1990 when all 181 original stories (plus an unpublished novel, The Red Spider) had run its course.

Author and scholar Will Murray produced seven more Doc Savage novels from Lester Dent's original outlines for Bantam Books. Four more novels were announced, but not published. Bantam also published a novel by Philip José Farmer, Escape From Loki (1991), which told the story of how Doc met the men who would become his five compatriots, in World War I. Doc Savage has appeared in comics and a movie, on radio, and as a character in numerous other works, and continues to inspire authors and artists in the realm of fantastic adventure.

Doc Savage Magazine was created by Street and Smith Publications executive Henry Ralston and editor John Nanovic to capitalize on the success of Street and Smith's pulp character, The Shadow. Ralston and Nanovic wrote a short premise establishing the broad outlines of the character they envisioned, but Doc Savage was only fully realized by the author chosen to write the series, Lester Dent. Dent wrote most of the 181 original novels, hidden behind the "house name" of Kenneth Robeson.

l

The basic concept of a man l from birth to fight evil was not new. In 1932, Philip Wylie wrote The Savage Gentleman[1]. Whether Nanovic or Ralston were inspired by Wylie's writings is not known since Lester Dent seems to have begun writing The Man of Bronze in November 1932 for a March 1933 publication date. Doc Savage's real name was Clark Savage, Jr.It was Doc Savage and presumadely,not Superman,whose first name was inspired by actor Clark Gable.More likely Doc Savage,inspired the creators of Superman,named their creation Clark,after Doc Savage and add the last Kent,after the Shadows other indenity Kent Allard.

Doc Savage,was thought to be the pulps original Super Scientist Adventures and his assistance,so legends stated inspired other real people ,mixed other sourses,real or fictional.

.Clark Savage,Junior was a physician, surgeon, scientist, adventurer, inventor, explorer, researcher, and, as revealed in The Devil Genghis, a musician. A team of scientists assembled by his father deliberately trained his mind and body to near-superhuman abilities almost from birth, giving him great strength and endurance, a photographic memory, a mastery of the martial arts, and vast knowledge of the sciences. Doc is also a master of disguise and an excellent imitator of voices. "He rights wrongs and punishes evildoers." Dent described the hero as a mix of Sherlock Holmes' deductive abilities, Tarzan's outstanding physical abilities, Craig Kennedy's scientific education, and Abraham Lincoln's goodness. Dent described Doc Savage as manifesting "Christliness." Doc's character and world-view is displayed in his oath, which goes as follows[2]:

Template:Bquote His office is on the 86th floor of a New York City skyscraper, implicitly the Empire State Building, reached by Doc's private high-speed elevator. Doc owns a fleet of cars, trucks, aircraft, and boats which he stores at a secret hangar on the Hudson River, under the name The Hidalgo Trading Company, which is linked to his office by a pneumatic-tube system nick-named the "flea run." He sometimes retreats to his Fortress of Solitude in the Arctic—which pre-dates Superman's similar hideout of the same name. All of this is paid for with gold from a Central American mine given to him by the local Mayans in the first Doc Savage story. (Doc and his assistants learned the little-known Mayan language of this people, allowing them to communicate privately when others might be listening.) Savage is accompanied on his adventures by up to five other regular characters (referred to in marketing materials from the Bantam Books republication as "The Fabulous Five"), all highly accomplished individuals in their own right.

  • Colonel John "Renny" Renwick, a construction engineer. Renny was a giant of a man, with "fists like buckets of gristle and bone which no wooden door could withstand." He usually had a gloomy expression, which deepened as he grew more happy.
  • Major Thomas J. "Long Tom" Roberts, an electrical engineer. "Long Tom" got his nickname from using an antiquated cannon of that nick-name in the successful defense of a French village in World War I. Long Tom was a sickly-looking character, but fought like a wildcat.
  • William Harper "Johnny" Littlejohn, an archaeologist and geologist. Johnny used "long words" ("I'll be superamalgamated!" was a favourite saying). Johnny wore a monocle in early adventures (one eye having been blinded in World War I). Doc later performed corrective surgery that restored his sight in his eye, but Johnny retained the monocle for use as a magnifying glass as well as a memento. In later stories, Doc's companions became less important to the plot as the stories focused more on Doc himself. The "missing" characters were explained as working elsewhere, too busy with their own accomplishments to help.

Toward the end of the series, only Monk and Ham appeared with Doc. Doc's cousin Patricia "Pat" Savage, who has Doc's bronze skin, eyes, and hair, also was along for many of the adventures, despite Doc's best efforts to keep her away from danger. Pat chafes under these restrictions, or indeed any effort to protect her simply because she is female. She is also able to fluster Doc, even as she completely charms Monk and Ham.

Doc's greatest foe, and the only enemy to appear in two of the original pulp stories, was the Russian-born John Sunlight. Early villains in the "super-sagas" were fantastic schemers bent on ruling the world. Later the magazine was retitled Doc Savage, Science Detective, with a more realistic detective feel where Doc broke up crime rings. With a new editor, the last three magazines returned to the super-saga, then was canceled, as were most other pulp magazines. A keynote of Doc's adventures is that no matter how fantastic the monster or menace, there was always a rational scientific explanation at the end. A giant mountain-walking spider was revealed as a blimp, a scorching death came from super-charged electric batteries, a "sea angel" was a mechanical construct towed behind a submarine, Navy ships sunk by a mysterious compelling force were actually sabotaged, and so on. In early stories some of the criminals captured by Doc received "a delicate brain operation" to cure their criminal tendencies. The criminals returned to society fully productive and unaware of their criminal past. It is referred to in Truman Capote's book, In Cold Blood, as an older Kansan recalls Doc's "fixing" criminals he had caught.

Some of the gadgets described in the series became reality, including flying wing, answering machines, television, automatic transmission, night vision goggles, and hand-held automatic weapons. Dent, the series' principal author, had a mixed regard for his own creations. Though usually protective of his own work, he could be derisive of his pulp output. In interviews, he stated that he harbored no illusions of being a high-quality author of literature; for him, the Doc Savage series was simply a job, a way to earn a living by "churning out reams and reams of sellable crap." In Jim Steranko's History of Comics, it was revealed that Dent used a formula to write his Doc Savage stories, so that his heroes were continually, and methodically, getting in and out of trouble. Dent was paid $500 per story during The Great Depression, and was able to buy a yacht and vacation in the Caribbean.

Publication historyEdit

See the List of Doc Savage novels for a complete bibliography.
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All of the original stories were reprinted in paperback form by Bantam Books in the 1960s through 1990s. About 60 of the paperback covers were painted in extraordinary monochromatic tones and super-realistic detail by James Bama, whose updated vision of Doc Savage with the exaggerated widow's peak captured, at least symbolically, the essence of the Doc Savage novels. The first 96 paperbacks reprinted one of the original novels per book. Actor and model Steve Holland who had played Flash Gordon in a 1953 television series was the model for Doc on all the covers. The next 15 paperbacks were "doubles," reprinting two novels each (these were actually shorter novellas written during paper shortages of World War II). The last of the original novels were reprinted in a numbered series of 13 "omnibus" volumes of four to five stories each. It was one of the few pulp series to be completely reprinted in paperback form. The Red Spider was a Doc Savage novel written by Dent in April 1948, about the Cold War with the Soviet Union. The story was killed in 1948 by new editor Daisy Bacon, though previous editor William de Grouchy had commissioned it. It was forgotten until 1975, when Doc Savage scholar Will Murray found hints of its existence. After a two-year search, the manuscript was located among Dent's papers. It finally saw print in July 1979 as Number 95 in Bantam's Doc Savage series. Philip José Farmer wrote the book Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life, which summarized the series with the idea that Doc actually existed and the novels chronicled his exploits. Nostalgia Ventures began a new series of Doc reprints (starting November 2006), featuring two novels per book. Several editions came with a choice of original pulp style or more modern cover, and most include new essays as introductions and afterwords. ==Radio==Two Doc Savage radio series were broadcast during the pulp era. The first, in 1934, was a 15-minute serial which ran for 26 episodes. The 1943 series was based not on the pulps but on the comic book version of the character. No audio exists from either series, although some scripts survived. In 1985, National Public Radio aired The Adventures of Doc Savage, as 13 half-hour episodes, based on the pulps and adapted by Will Murray and Roger Rittner. See the List of Doc Savage radio episodes for a complete playlist. ==Comic books===== Golden Age ===
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Street & Smith published comic book stories of Doc both in the The Shadow comic and his own title. These started with Shadow Comics v1 #1–3 (1940), then moved to Doc Savage Comics. Originally, these stories were based on the pulp version, but with Doc Savage Comics v1 #5 (1941), he was turned into a genuine superhero when he crashed in Tibet and found a mystical gem in a hood. These stories had a Doc who bore little resemblance to the character in the pulps. This lasted through the end of Doc Savage Comics in 1943 after 20 issues, and briefly with his return to Shadow Comics in v3 #10 (Jan 44). It was apparently dropped by his second story. He would last until the end of the Shadow Comic, v9 #5 (1948), but did not appear in every issue (not in V5#5;V6#10-12;V8#4). He also appeared in at least one issue of Supersnipe Comics (V1 #9, June 1943).

=== Modern Age ===Post-Golden Age, there have been several Doc Savage comic books:* Gold Key Comics, 1966, one issue. Adapts The Thousand-Headed Man.* Marvel Comics. In 1972, eight standard color comics with four adaptations of books - The Man of Bronze, Brand of the Werewolf, Death in Silver, and The Monsters - and one Giant-Size movie adaptation. In 1975, eight black-and-white magazines published by the Marvel imprint Curtis Magazines as a movie tie-in. All are original stories by Doug Moench and Tony DeZuniga with a mature, realistic bent.* DC Comics, 1987–90, a four-issue miniseries tryout, then 24 issues and one Annual, most written by Mike W. Barr. Original adventures, including a reunion with Doc's Mayan sweetheart/wife Monya and John Sunlight, adventures with Doc's grandson "Chip" Savage, and back story on Doc's parents and youth. Included a four-issue crossover with DC's current run of The Shadow.* Millennium Publications, 1990s, published several mini-series and one-shots, including Doc Savage: The Monarch of Armageddon, a four-part limited series from 1991 to 1992. Written by novelist Mark Ellis and penciled by Green Lantern artist Darryl Banks, the Comics Buyer's Guide Catalog of Comic Books refers to their treatment as the one "to come closest to the original, capturing all the action, humanity, and humor of the original novels." Other miniseries were "Doom Dynasty" and "Devil's Thoughts", and one-shots Pat Savage: Woman of Bronze, and a Manual of Bronze.* Dark Horse Comics, 1995, two miniseries: a two-issue miniseries "The Shadow and Doc Savage" and four issue "Doc Savage: Curse of the Fire God".* Recently, DC Comics posted art of the character on their website, with other classic characters, such as The Spirit, Blackhawks, Rima the Jungle Girl and The Avenger in a project called First Wave attached are writer Brian Azzarello and artist Rags Morales. The series will feature no superpowered characters although non-powered DC superheroes may appear. [3]There will be a DC published Doc Savage crossover with Batman written by Azzarello with art by Phil Noto and a cover by JG Jones. [4]

Motion pictureEdit

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In 1967, TV Guide ran an article claiming that talks were underway to have Chuck Connors, of The Rifleman fame, play Doc Savage in a possible television series. Nothing came of that particular project, but in 1975, producer and director George Pal did produce a Doc Savage movie: Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze which starred Ron Ely as Doc Savage. The movie was a critical failure and did poorly at the box-office. Several articles—and a later interview with George Pal himself—have documented that the movie's failure had much to do with its loss of funding during filming when the studio changed heads and Pal was forced to cut costs wherever he could. Nevertheless, he is generally blamed for the film's campy feel. An original soundtrack was commissioned, but when Pal lost his funding, he resorted to a patriotic march from John Philip Sousa which was in the public domain. Science fiction writer, Philip Jose Farmer tried to get another movie made, but nothing came of it. In 1999, there was an announcement that another Doc Savage movie, to feature Arnold Schwarzenegger, was in the works, but it, and several other Schwarzenegger projects (Sgt. Rock and an epic about the Crusades) were shelved when Schwarzenegger ran for Governor of the state of California.[5] According to long-time Batman producer Michael E. Uslan, a new Doc Savage film is set to be produced, hopefully for 2009/2010 release. Uslan delivered the news at Comic-Con '08.

Cultural referencesEdit

  • Doc Savage and his brain modification technique are suggested as a possible outcome to the trial in Truman Capote's book In Cold Blood.
  • In Philip José Farmer's sexually explicit A Feast Unknown (1969), the "Ultimate Nature Man" (Tarzan, called Lord Grandrith, confronts his urban counterpart and younger half-brother (Doc Savage), called Doc Caliban). "Ham" Brooks (called "Porky" Rivers) and "Monk" Mayfair (called "Jocko" Simmons) also appear in the story, which continues in the novels The Mad Goblin and Lord of the Trees. The concluding story in the series has yet to appear.
  • In his book Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life, Farmer lays out Savage's key role in the fictional Wold Newton family, linking Doc to Tarzan and numerous other fictional heroes and villains from popular and classical literature. Farmer theorizes Doc is the grandson of Wolf Larson, master of the Sea Wolf, in the novel of the same name, by Jack London.
  • Doc Savage has influenced the creation and development of other fictional heroes, including Superman, Batman, James Bond, and Buckaroo Banzai.
  • Doc Savage makes a cameo appearance in the Roger Zelazny novel Roadmarks.
  • In the original Rocketeer comic book mini-series, a tall, handsome scientist who bears an uncanny resemblance to Doc is the inventor of Cliff Secord's rocket pack. In the novelization of The Rocketeer movie by Peter David, the characters speculate that perhaps Doc Savage invented the rocketpack and his boys ("probably Ham and Monk") are due to come any moment. However in the Rocketeer movie, the inventor was changed stupidly from Doc to Howard Hughes.
  • Doc Savage is mentioned in Michael Chabon's Pulitzer Prize-winning 2001 book The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay. * Lester Dent, the writer of Doc Savage, is a protagonist in The Chinatown Death Cloud Peril, a 2007 novel by Paul Malmont.

FootnotesEdit

  1. In the novel, a rich man experiments with raising a perfect man on a deserted island. Henry Stone grows up a splendid bronze specimen with a code of honor and feats of derring-do among ancient Aztec temples, among other adventures. Philip Wylie
  2. ==Further reading==
    • ==Further reading==
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  3. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/070910-Rags-FirstWave.html
  4. http://dcu.blog.dccomics.com/2009/08/06/what-is-the-black-tide/
  5. ==Further reading==
    • ==Further reading==
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    • ==Further reading==
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    • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
==References ==
Template:Imdb character* Dr. Hermes Reviews All 182 books reviewed* Paul Cook's Doc Savage Images
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THIS WIKI File:Docsavage.jpegDoc Savage Magazine #1 (March, 1933)Doc Savage was a fictional characher published in American pulp magazines during the 1930s and 1940s. He was created by publisher Henry Ralston and editor John Nanovic,based very loosely on a real life individual Colonel Richard Henry Savage c at Street and Smith Publications, with additional material contributed by the series' main writer, Lester Dent.


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THIS WIKI [1]Doc SavageAdded by Thansen"Let me strive every moment of my life to make myself better, that all may profit by it. Let me think of the right and lend all my assistance to those who need it, with no regard for anything but justice. Let me take what comes with a smile, without loss of courage. Let me be considerate of my country, of my fellow citizens and my associates in everything I say and do. Let me do right to all, and wrong no man." -Doc Savage

Doc Savage was a pulp-era hero published by Street and Smith and principally written by Lester Dent using the house name Kenneth Robeson.

ContentsEdit

[hide] *1 Biography

1 Biography EditEdit

Doc Savage full name is Clark Savage, Jr., and the son of scientist and adventurer Clark Savage, Sr. Unlike many other pulp heros such as The Shadow, Clark Savage had no special powers, but was both physically and mentally trained from birth by his father and a team of scientists to become the perfect human specimen. He thus posesses peak human capablilities as well as a genius level intellect.

Under his fathers guidence he gained a mastery of numerous fields. HIs original training was as a surgeon, but he was equally skilled in chemistry, electricity, engineering, archeology, and many others. It is frequently mentioned in the adventures that Doc Savage would spend two hours everyday working on his mind and body to further improve his capabilities. This went beyond just physical tests of strength, but also mental exercises in mathematics, identifying certain odors, and testing his hearing.

His father is murdered in the lead-up to the first adventure, The Man of Bronze.

During his various missions Doc has come to rely on a group of five people which are affectionately called the 'fabulous five'. They were experts in their given fields: Andrew Blodgett "Monk" Mayfair(chemistry), Theodore Marley Brooks(law), John "Renny" Renwick (civil engineering), Thomas "Long Tom" Roberts(electrical engineering) and William Harper "Johnny" Littlejohn (archealogy). Together they fought with Doc in WWI.

He set up a base on the 86th floor of a world famous New York skyscraper (implied but never outright stated as the Empire State Building),. For security reasons he installed a private high-speed elevator which alone can reach his office. Doc owns a fleet of cars, trucks, aircraft, and boats which he stores at a secret hangar on the Hudson River, under the name The Hidalgo Trading Company, which is linked to his office by a pneumatic-tube system nicknamed the "flea run." He sometimes retreats to his Fortress of Solitude in the Arctic—which pre-dates Superman's similar Fortress of Solitude of the same name.

In early stories the criminals captured by Doc received "a delicate brain operation" to remove their criminaltendencies. The criminals returned to society fully productive and unaware of their criminal past. It was unrevealed why he later gave up this practice.

2 Appearence EditEdit

Doc Savage is described as being a bronze giant with fleck-gold eyes and hair slightly darker bronze in hue than his skin. Dent frequently referred to Doc Savage using metaphors such as "metallic" and "statue of bronze", especially in the pre-WW2 adventures. In the first novel, THE MAN OF BRONZE, Doc's height is 6 feet exactly. Six years afterwords in HEX he has grown an additional eight inches.

3 PersonalityEditEdit

As a likely result of his unusual upbringing Doc Savage has a somewhat unusual relationship with those around him. For instance he is known to be short and uncommunitive with even his closest friends. Also for most of his childhood he had no contact with the female sex, so in most instances where he encounters them he seems indifferent or even unaware of their attraction to him. While in later appearences Savage upholds a strict rule against taking human life, his early appearences are marked by remorseles and unhesitant killing. For instance in The Land of Terror snaps a man's neck, shoots a man in the head, and severs anothers hand causing them to bleed to death. He is seen as a very modest man, refusing to employ his abilities for profit or fame, and even willingly gives away credit for his own accomplishments.During times of extreme cencentration he will unconciously emit a faint trilling sound.

4 Skills EditEdit

Dent described the hero as a mix of Sherlock Holmes' deductive abilities, Tarzan's outstanding physical abilities, Craig Kennedy's scientific education, and Abraham Lincoln's goodness. Due to intensive training from birth and daily two hour exercise he possesses strength, speed, stamina, and reflexes which border on superhuman. It is pointed out on numerous occassions how his abilities greatly surpass those of the greatest olympic athletes. His intelligence is similarly enhanced and he possesses a photographic memory. Doc is a trained physician, surgeon, scientist, adventurer, inventor, explorer, pilot, seaman, as well as a talented classical musician(violin). In addition, he has trained himself to recognize various scents. Doc has mastered several forms of armed and unarmed combat. Despite his distinctive appearance he can disguise himself with remarkable effectiveness, on one occasion even successfully playing the part of a feeble old woman. He also has great control over his voice and can manipulate it for a number of effects. For instance he may use it to inspire awe, confidence or if necessary fear. This control also makes him an excellent imitator of voices. Doc has also proven himself to be a highly capable motorist, safely manuevering around obstacles at top speed. By studying the movements of jungle predators he has learned to move silently in dense woods.

5 Gadgets EditEdit

Doc Savage has been known to employ a number of advanced technology. night vision goggles, electromagnetic rail guns, and hand-held automatic weapons called "rapid-firers", although these fired sleep-inducing "mercy bullets" rather than regular lead bullets, in keeping with Doc's firm code against the taking of human life, even the most evil.

Read moreEdit


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