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For the Warhammer 40,000 army, see Space Marines (Warhammer 40,000).

Space marines are fictional soldiers that operate in outer space. Space marines are common in military science fiction-themed action movies and action games. Historical marines fulfill amphibious roles: ship defense, landing parties, and general high-mobility deployments. By extension, space marines defend spaceships, land on planets and satellites, and fulfill rapid deployment throughout space.

==History==
The first space marine unit, the Galactic Marines, was used in E. E. Smith's Lensman series, published starting in 1937.Template:Fact

The phrase "space marines" first appears in Robert A. Heinlein's "Misfit"<ref>"The parade ground voice of a First Sergeant of Space Marines cut through the fog and drizzle..."</ref> (1939) and is again used in "The Long Watch"<ref>"Space marines, arms reversed and heads bowed, stood guard around [the coffin]..."</ref> (1941). Heinlein's Starship Troopers (1959) is considered the defining work for the concept; for example, the actors playing the Colonial Marines in Aliens (1986) were required to read Starship Troopers as part of their training prior to filming.<ref>==Further reading==
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