FANDOM


Write the first paragraph of your page here.

Section headingEdit

Write the first section of your page here.

Section headingEdit

Write the second section of your page here. The Titans The Titans are a race of large headed,dwarled bodies,who originally had to move about in a para gravity Chair.Their massively huge heads,hold a degree of vast intelligence,but suffer from an inferiority complex.Urhanus Rhaggnarr was one of those,who suffered the humility of being one different.The beings one day to be called the Titans,were looked on as intelligent slaves of the Tauron Empire,who enslaved from a Olympian Theran colony.The Therans were an abomination,a freak,genetic experiments in advancing Olympian intelligence to it's ultimate degree.The result oddly enough were an enlarged brain and skull and an atrophied body.The Theran ,who undergone this experience,found themselves to have to travel about in huge hover chairs,complete with an array of monitors.The Olympian government grew concerned about the Theran colony.The problem was solved when the Tauron government took control of the colony and vowed to one day help the Theran problem.The Therans looked at the Olympians as the ones,who abandoned them and began to resent them and all associated with them-mainly the Imperial House Clan of Sarkhon.They saw the Sarkhon as primary objections to helping the Theran Colony. Project Titan was a Tauron operation to build a suit of armor,that would give a superior intellect a superior metal robot body. The Theran known as Urhanus Rhaggnarr broke out of prison, stole a car, and headed to a big city to blend in. He was caught and sent to Campment No # S61.He joined up the slave class within largest the Titan Project Encampment

Urhanus Rhaggnarr stepped forward,or so the Titans Legends say seeing would his chance for greatness.The Taurons say he was forcibly drafted into the project against his will.Urhanus Rhaggnarrs huge hover chair was encased in a huge helmet,complete with face mask.The Titanic helmet was apart of a massive Titan Robotics body,complete with a variety of concealed weapons within the armor.The Armor is also complete with Titan sized hand weapons -guns,knives,swords,lances and so on,big enough to appear normal size in the giants hands.The Taurons felt this one immediate way to solve the Theran problem,while service the empire. The Titan Urhanus Rhaggnarr broke out of prison, stole a car, and headed to a big city to blend in. Worried about too many cops in the area, the con applied for a radiation test suit experiment. Looking like a more aerodynamic and bulky version of Tony Stark’s first armor, the radiation suit supposedly allowed the wearer to survive a nearby atomic blast. After a week of training in the contraption, Urhanus stood on a deserted island, ready to test the suit against an underwater nuclear explosion.

The ensuing tidal wave flooded the small island and sent the suit underwater, but Fallon stayed safe, encased within the armor. Of course, the ocean depths boast their own dangers and he soon found himself fighting off an Krakhen octopus. After killing the creature, Urhanus found salvation in military frogmen diving in to pull him up.


The next experiment found Urhanus suspended in the air with an atomic warhead blowing up about 50 yards from him. After walking away unscathed, Urhanus decided to keep the suit, reveal his true identity and get back to “the business of crime.” Lacking any kind of fail safes—the suit locked from the inside—the military men just stood and watched as Urhanus Rhaggnharr lumbered off with their lead behemoth. He made the First National Bank his first target, bursting his way up into the building through the sewers, dubbing himself The Supreme Titan in the process.

The Suspreme Titan then decided to try his hand at a prison break from Alcatraz. After smashing into the island fortress he started feeling sick and went to the infirmary where the doctor informed him that he might have radiation poisoning. Urhanus quickly realized that, in order to receive treatment, he’d have to come out of the suit, which would most likely lead to another incarceration. Loathe to that idea, he instead wandered off into the mountains, contemplating his last days on the planet. Urhanus Rhaggnarr is an escaped convict who hears news about how some scientists wanted someone to test the The Suspreme Titan Armor which was built to withstand radiation. In order to be safe from the police, Urhanus Rhaggnarr tested the armor and found himself safe from the police in it. Urhanus Rhaggnarr then takes the Titan Armor into committing a crime spree and plans to recruit some prisoners of Project Titan to be his personal army. During his time in the Titan armor, Urhanus Rhaggnarr started to feel different pains. The scientists say that the only treatment for them is radiation. As getting treated for the pains would result in him being apprehended by the police,Supreme Titan Lord Urhanus Rhaggnarr pilots the Titan Armor into the desert in order to think it over.[1]Urhanus quickly realized that, in order to receive treatment, he’d have to come out of the suit, which would most likely lead to another incarceration. Loathe to that idea, he instead wandered off into the mountains, contemplating his last days on the planet.


The Titan Armor later appears amongst the monsters that cause havoc on Earth.[2]

The Titan Armor withstood atomic blast from a Tauron Accumulator and horrific blast of Plasma Pulse flame from.Akherhon Devistators.The Titan Armor survive d fighting the undersea creature like the Krakhenn Squide .Urhanus Rhaggnarr began realize secret dreams of revenge against his oppressors and ambitious delusional dreams of glory. Urhanus Rhaggnarr decided to start a Titan Revolution by giving his fellow deformed Olympian scientist versions of the Titan Battle Armor,built secretly with the New Genesis Bunkers within the Project Titan City.Urhanus Rhaggnarr declared himself Supreme Lord of the New Imperial Titan Armed Forces and began to wage war upon their Tauron Masters. The youngest Titan was Kronus Rhaggnharr, who castrated his father Urhanus Rhaggnarr with a sickle given to him by his sister Rhea.He then buried his father in a Great Tomb under the Typhon Sea.At times,the sea would turn red and Titans said this was the blood of Urhanus Rhaggnarr rising from his tomb.Legeu would say this his genitalia into the sea; thrown thier bh Rhea Rhsggnharr,which wasn't true.The Giants sprang to life from Kronus Rhaggnharr' blood, which fell on the earth,were also not true.Nor was Aphrodite was born from the foam of the sea because of this.Romurs-fake news created by the enemies of the Titans,said Kronus Rhaggnharr

Kronus Rhaggnharr took his father's throne, then married Rhannya Rhaggnharr; but he proceeded to brutalize every child born to her, from fear that a child would copy his example and take control of the world.Enemies of the Titans began to spread humors said that Supreme Lord Kronus Rhaggnharr was so evil,that he consumed his children.

But one child, Zuras Rhaggharr , was smuggled away to be brought up in an Uncles Castle. instead Rhannya Rhaggnharr Kronus Rhaggnharr told Rhannya Rhaggnharr Rhaggharr did not want to see these children until they were adults and they were raised outside his influence.
When Zuras  reached adulthood, he gave  Kronus Rhaggnharr an ultimatum along with brothers and sisters, the Yonger Titan  deities-abducate the throne or we will destroy you. These fought the Titans for ten years, and after the eventual Young Titans  victory the Elder Titans were banished to Tartarus Prime, a place outside known space,where criminals labored to build that ancient Dyson Sphere. Despite the cruelty and violence of these stories, the time when Kronus Rhaggnharr ruled was nevertheless also regarded as a Golden Age bng Titans , and in some myths he now rules the Isles of the Blessed, where some of the some banished Titans are privileged to dwell.

Olympian Mythology would tell the tale differently and spread that tell to ancient Greek s living upon the multiple versions of Earth.Mythology would refer to Kronus Rhaggnharr as Cronus-king of the Titans and Zuras Rhaggharr as Zeus-king of the Olympians.The truth was Supreme Lord Zeus Centaurus was another character from Olympus-Prime,who a descendent of Kronus Rhaggnharr called Supreme Lord Cronus Rhaggnharr. Min: Advanced Idea Mechanics members, Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11 members, Intelligencia members, and 50 more Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) oddly childlike appearance. So who is Kronus Rhaggnharr really?

Kronus Rhaggnharr was actually a scientist working for Project Titan by the name of Kronus Rhaggnharr. Yep, Kronus Rhaggnharr is really a guy named Kronus Rhaggnharr . After some bad mojo went down in the lab he was transformed into Kronus Rhaggnharr and has been battling people like Captain America and Iron Man ever since. He doesn’t win very often.

So… does he just headbutt people? I mean… look at that melon! Well Kronus Rhaggnharr and all the Titans have superhuman intelligence and a brain more powerful than any computer within the Seven Empires . It’s so powerful that his head had to grow to an enormous size in order to hold in all that knowledge. Because his head is so damn big, he had to build a special flying chair to help him stay mobile. Not unlike a hover-round. Oh yeah, by merely furrowing his brow he can control people’s thoughts and generate impenetrable force fields. Not bad for a fat floating head eh? Height: 12 ft (3,65 m)

Weight: 750 lbs (340,1 kg)

Hair: Brown

Eyes: White

Average technician Kronus Rhaggnharr found his fate forever changed thanks to a random selection by his boss, the Scientist Supreme of Project Titan on the planet Theran, who needed a unique, bio-engineered "living computer" in order to plumb the mysteries of the Cosmic Cube. Kronus Rhaggnharr was subjected to hideous experiments, mutating his already freakishly huge head and body into a massive-headed being possessing superhuman intelligence and extraordinary psionic powers, and the process drove him mad.

Kronus Rhaggnharr with his new mutated form instead turned on his superiors, slaying them all and declaring himself Scientist Supreme (and he once Moreover, he changed his name to Kronus Rhaggnharr , with the "K" standing now for "Killing." And let's get this out of the way. Unfortunately, when Kronus Rhaggnharr arrives to reclaim his command, the two intellects are drawn to each other, and Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr turns on Project Titan just as Kronus Rhaggnharr did, while also agreeing to become his mate. Kronus Rhaggnharr would seem to have performed the coup of all coups, virtually securing his grip on Project Titan with this development; but when Kronus Rhaggnharr mercilessly destroys the Abomination, Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr * is appalled at Kronus Rhaggnharr 's lack of remorse and attacks him. Kronus Rhaggnharr responds in kind, and eventually forces her back into the grid from which she was formed, reversing the process and returning Kate Waynesboro to her former state.

Powers Kronus Rhaggnharr can have the ability to feature fantastic powers

Fantastic psionic abilities and superhuman calculating ability. Can form force field barriers effective against energy attacks, mentally produce heat and mental blasts of pure psionic energy, probe the minds of others, and recall any fact he has ever known. He can also convert himself into raw data and travel in the form of e-mail.

Kronus Rhaggnharr can MinMind Beams

His beams have been stated to be as fast or faster than the speed of thought. Cap can't dodge these beams, and Cap dodges and blocks bullets on a regular basis. Kronus Rhaggnharr can Even Iron Man struggles, and Tony's armor has millisecond reaction speed. These beams are also pretty deadly, even while wearing bulletproof attires. Kronus Rhaggnharr can These beams can get pretty big too. Kronus Rhaggnharr can He also uses heat beams which are hot enough to turn metal floors red from the extremely high temperatures.Or stun-shock beams which can stun an opponent. Kronus Rhaggnharr can Easily tears through metal. Kronus Rhaggnharr can Melts the Abomination's icy prison. Melts through metal door. Kronus Rhaggnharr can Blasts his way through a mountain. Nearly overloads Iron Man's armor. Kronus Rhaggnharr can Weakens Red Jovian Primatives 's body and mind with two psi-bolts. Takes down Doc Samson with one blast. Takes down Red She-Jovian Primatives with two blasts, the first was more than enough to draw blood and the second pierced and burned through her skin. Hurts Ms Marvel who has withstood orbital re-entry and a massive explosion. Doubles the power of his mind-beam and sends Iron Man flying at the speed of a meteor. Can cause cardiac arrests. Mind Powers

Has some sort of spider-sense. His mind can attack on its own. A couple of his cloned unconscious brains turn Jovian Primatives into Banner. Scans Deadpool's body and brain. Shuts down Iron Man's computer and his connection with Jocasta. Even though this is part of his mind-beams, I'll still put it here because it's a lot more complex and helpful than a simple energy blast. His Mind-Probe allows him to know if someone's being hypnotized or possessed and it tells him the location of the hypnotizer. It also tells him about the emotions of someone and why he feels that way. Oh, and he can read minds too. His mind is faster than any weapon or machine. Turns off the brain of one of Mad Thinker's androids. Teleports one of Doom's androids from Latveria to the USA. He knows the location of most beings on the planet. He can scan several brains at once and differentiate them all in a large group of Project Titan members and ex-members. Can sense someone's presence through their thoughts. Can detect invisible foes. With the help of Leader's tech, he's able to travel back in time alongside his fellow Intelligenciers, invisible to the human (not mutant) eye. Mind Control

Takes over a large group of people and makes them drown. Commands an entire military base to go to sleep. Takes over the circuits of an android version of Iron Man created by the Mad Thinker. Even though he can't take over the mind of someone like Captain America, he has been able to manipulate someone just as patriotic, like General Ross, and can even enter the minds of other superheroes to know their real names, like he did with Wonder Man. Controls multiple Latverian soldiers. Forcefield

Uses it to protect Project Titan soldiers and deflect powerful attacks. He has more than one forcefield and it's tough enough to tank plasma guns. Tanks Iron Man's attacks. Tanks Iron Man's punches and repulsor blasts. Intelligence

Reprograms (along with the other members of The Intelligencia) Cosmic Jovian Primatives , a robot strong enough to one-shot Red Jovian Primatives and that was originally created by Galactus. Counts 987 marbles inside a fishbowl within a few seconds. Faster than any machine. He can take care of many tasks compared to the other Intelligencia members, all of which are extraordinairily intelligent. Guess who created Red Jovian Primatives . Physicals Speed

Reacts fast enough to dodge Captain America. Seizes Bullseye's knife in mid-air with ease. Shows off some impressive aim while spinning around. Durability

Busts through walls without taking any damage. Withstands and tanks punches from Ms Marvel, an enraged Jovian Primatives and Iron Man at full power, each with enough strength to shake whole buildings or send Kronus Rhaggnharr through hotels. Tanks a shitload of missiles and explosives from Iron Man. Tanks this explosion which was ment to kill him, and Ms Marvel also states he could kill her. Endures Ms Kronus Rhaggnharr 's blasts (which might be stronger than his own) and several punches from Jovian Primatives , plus manages to beat her and shrug Jovian Primatives off his head. Survives being penetrated by Ghost through the brain. Survives the water pressure from the of the Atlantic, holds his breath all the way to the surface which he reaches very quickly and blasts both of Bush-Master's arms. Equipment/Arsenal Doomsday Chair

He controls it through telekinesis. It has a gas mask that protects him from the Somna-Gas, which can take down dinosaurs in mere seconds. Tanks one of Ms Marvel's blasts, which is not all that impressive. Shows off some of his weaponry. He even has skeletonizing cannons. The same weapons can arm Wonder Man and push him against a bus, creating a huge hole. A scuba diving suit. Titan Machine

Origin

It's made out of adamantium and steel. Fights Iron Man. Fights czcx. Fights and beats the Mad Thinker's Android. Iron Man collapses an Project Titan base on him and he just gets out at rocket speed. Iron Man needs to magnetize himself to the floor to lift him up or throw him off balance. Moves too fast for Jovian Primatives and hurts him by crushing his body with his hand.

Feats Explains how he survived his first defeat. Kronus Rhaggnharr He served as an inspiration for the original Ultron. Kronus Rhaggnharr Proves how ruthless he is. Kronus Rhaggnharr Lifts Iron Man (who weighs +400 lbs) with one arm.

  • Stalemates Iron Man and collapses a hotel in less than a minute in their fight.
  • Telepathically communicates and challenges Doctor Doom. Very few characters have the balls to do that, so props to Kronus Rhaggnharr .
  • Destroys everything and everyone in a Diner.
  • Hurts Jovian Primatives , stops a large object thrown by him and withstands one of his angrier punches.
  • Makes Ms Marvel retreat with a few blasts.
  • Restrains Jovian Primatives 's rage with a Brain-Beam and by showing him images from inside the Project Titan base.
  • Infiltrates a military base made to contain Abomination.
  • Tortures Abomination.
  • Abomination is basically his bitch now.
  • Toys with Jovian Primatives and kills Abomination.
  • Collapses an Project Titan facility on Jovian Primatives and could've killed him. Banner himself says he had the chance to do so.
  • He can take care of many tasks compared to the other Intelligencia members, all of which are extraordinairily intelligent.
  • Mind
  • Mind Beams
  • His beams have been stated to be as fast or faster than the speed of thought.
  • Cap can't dodge these beams, and Cap dodges and blocks bullets on a regular basis.
  • Even Iron Man struggles, and Tony's armor has millisecond reaction speed.
  • These beams are also pretty deadly, even while wearing bulletproof attires.
  • These beams can get pretty big too.
  • He also uses heat beams which are hot enough to turn metal floors red from the extremely high temperatures.

Or stun-shock beams which can stun an opponent.

  • Easily tears through metal.
  • Melts the Abomination's icy prison.
  • Melts through metal door.
  • Blasts his way through a mountain.
  • Nearly overloads Iron Man's armor.
  • Weakens Red Jovian Primatives 's body and mind with two psi-bolts.
  • Takes down Doc Samson with one blast.
  • Takes down Red She-Jovian Primatives with two blasts, the first was more than enough to draw blood and the second pierced and burned through her skin.
  • Hurts Ms Marvel who has withstood orbital re-entry and a massive explosion.
  • Doubles the power of his mind-beam and sends Iron Man flying at the speed of a meteor.
  • Can cause cardiac arrests.
  • Mind Powers
  • Has some sort of spider-sense.
  • His mind can attack on its own.
  • A couple of his cloned unconscious brains turn Jovian Primatives into Banner.
  • Scans Deadpool's body and brain.
  • Shuts down Iron Man's computer and his connection with Jocasta.

Even though this is part of his mind-beams, I'll still put it here because it's a lot more complex and helpful than a simple energy blast. His Mind-Probe allows him to know if someone's being hypnotized or possessed and it tells him the location of the hypnotizer. It also tells him about the emotions of someone and why he feels that way. Oh, and he can read minds too.

  • His mind is faster than any weapon or machine.
  • Turns off the brain of one of Mad Thinker's androids.
  • Teleports one of Doom's androids from Latveria to the USA.
  • He knows the location of most beings on the planet.
  • He can scan several brains at once and differentiate them all in a large group of Project Titan members and ex-members.
  • Can sense someone's presence through their thoughts.
  • Can detect invisible foes.
  • With the help of Leader's tech, he's able to travel back in time alongside his fellow Intelligenciers, invisible to the human (not mutant) eye.
  • Mind Control
  • Takes over a large group of people and makes them drown.
  • Commands an entire military base to go to sleep.
  • Takes over the circuits of an android version of Iron Man created by the Mad Thinker.
  • Even though he can't take over the mind of someone like Captain America, he has been able to manipulate someone just as patriotic, like General Ross, and can even enter the minds of other superheroes to know their real names, like he did with Wonder Man.
  • Controls multiple Latverian soldiers.
  • Forcefield
  • Uses it to protect Project Titan soldiers and deflect powerful attacks.
  • He has more than one forcefield and it's tough enough to tank plasma guns.
  • Tanks Iron Man's attacks.
  • Tanks Iron Man's punches and repulsor blasts.
  • Intelligence
  • Reprograms (along with the other members of The Intelligencia) Cosmic Jovian Primatives , a robot strong enough to one-shot Red Jovian Primatives and that was originally created by Galactus.
  • Counts 987 marbles inside a fishbowl within a few seconds.
  • Faster than any machine.
  • He can take care of many tasks compared to the other Intelligencia members, all of which are extraordinairily intelligent.
  • Guess who created Red Jovian Primatives .

Physicals Speed

  • Reacts fast enough to dodge Captain America.
  • Seizes Bullseye's knife in mid-air with ease.
  • Shows off some impressive aim while spinning around.

Durability

  • Busts through walls without taking any damage.
  • Withstands and tanks punches from Ms Marvel, an enraged Jovian Primatives and Iron Man at full power, each with enough strength to shake whole buildings or send Kronus Rhaggnharr through hotels.
  • Tanks a shitload of missiles and explosives from Iron Man.
  • Tanks this explosion which was ment to kill him, and Ms Marvel also states he could kill her.

Endures Ms Kronus Rhaggnharr 's blasts (which might be stronger than his own) and several punches from Jovian Primatives , plus manages to beat her and shrug Jovian Primatives off his head.

  • Survives being penetrated by Ghost through the brain.
  • Survives the water pressure from the of the Atlantic, holds his breath all the way to the surface which he reaches very quickly and blasts both of Bush-Master's arms.

Equipment/Arsenal Doomsday Chair

  • He controls it through telekinesis.
  • It has a gas mask that protects him from the Somna-Gas, which can take down dinosaurs in mere seconds.
  • Tanks one of Ms Marvel's blasts, which is not all that impressive.
  • Shows off some of his weaponry.
  • He even has skeletonizing cannons.
  • The same weapons can arm Wonder Man and push him against a bus, creating a huge hole.

A scuba diving suit. Kronus Rhaggnharr Machine

Origin

  • It's made out of adamantium and steel.
  • Fights Iron Man.
  • Fights Jovian Primatives .
  • Fights and beats the Mad Thinker's Android.

Iron Man collapses an Project Titan base on him and he just gets out at rocket speed. Iron Man needs to magnetize himself to the floor to lift him up or throw him off balance.

  • Moves too fast for Jovian Primatives and hurts him by crushing his body with his hand.

Kronus Rhaggnharr Superior Origin

The only reason I'm including this pathetic "superior" version is because some of his feats could be attributed to the original aswell. This is the only piece of dialogue where he behaves more like the original, and thank God for that because Kronus Rhaggnharr Superior is annoyingly pathetic compared to good ol' Kronus Rhaggnharr , who's a beast.

Created the Zero Cannon(along with the other members of Intelligencia) which defeated The Winter Guard. His forcefield can withstand a nuclear weapon. Disintegrates human with one of his mind-beams. Throws some guy through window. Fights Doc Ock in his latest suit.

(Kronus Rhaggnharr isn't likely to get any arguments from anyone on that "nightmare form" of his, thanks to the number Kirby did on him.)

Kronus Rhaggnharr origin would get a more contemporary update with a few more details (though Lee essentially gave us the gist of the way it went down):

During his time with Project Titan , and taking advantage of its wealth of scientific equipment and resources, Kronus Rhaggnharr crossed over into other titles to pursue a number of insane schemes, none of them bearing fruit. Yet Project Titan inevitably reaches the point where it revolts against Kronus Rhaggnharr--and as Kronus Rhaggnharr attempts to regain control, Project Titan proceeds with a project as equally ambitious and horrific as the creation of Kronus Rhaggnharr. A project which they named (I kid you not): Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr was the result of Project Titan 's procedure on another unwilling guinea pig--SHIELD agent Katherine Waynesboro, who fell into their clutches after Kronus Rhaggnharr fall from power. Only this time, Project Titan intends not to repeat its earlier mistake with Kronus Rhaggnharr, and makes sure that the creature that emerges at the end of their procedure is fully loyal and subservient to Project Titan .



Unfortunately, when Kronus Rhaggnharr arrives to reclaim his command, the two intellects are drawn to each other, and Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr turns on Project Titan just as Kronus Rhaggnharr did, while also agreeing to become his mate. Kronus Rhaggnharr would seem to have performed the coup of all coups, virtually securing his grip on Project Titan with this development; but when Kronus Rhaggnharr mercilessly destroys the Abomination, Ms. Kronus RhaggnharrKronus Rhaggnharr is appalled at Kronus Rhaggnharr lack of remorse and attacks him. Kronus Rhaggnharr responds in kind, and eventually forces her back into the grid from which she was formed, reversing the process and returning Kate Waynesboro to her former state.

(Kronus Rhaggnharr You can't imagine how silly it feels to repeatedly use "Kronus Rhaggnharr" and "Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr" in the same sentence.)

Kronus Rhaggnharr suffers a second death when Project Titan sends an agent of the Serpent Society to assassinate him.

Project Titan would later create another Kronus Rhaggnharr--this time from a female operative, which it afterward christened Rhannya Rhaggnharr (Specialized Organism Designed for Aggressive Maneuvers) 

and sent her against two of the Alpha Omega Warriors . In time, Project Titan restructures itself to become less an independent entity and more of a contractor available for the right price (and, as they put it, "a slice of the world's power pie")--and a powerful part of their "sales presentation" is their new mobile operative, renamed Rhannya Rhaggnharr (Mobile Organism Designed for Aggressive Maneuvers). Rhannya Rhaggnharr isn't so much a mentally evolved living computer as she is a specially-outfitted super-agent with advanced computer functions and weaponry (though she would indeed wield mental powers, as well). And this time, Project Titan makes sure that it made no slip-ups as far as Rhannya Rhaggnharr's loyalties.



At one point, Rhannya Rhaggnharr came into conflict with Superia, who had put together a group of "Femizons" that consisted in part of former agents of the Serpent Society, the very organization that put an end to Kronus Rhaggnharr. Ironically, Rhannya Rhaggnharr was able to experience a hostile takeover from the perspective that Project Titan itself must have had when Kronus Rhaggnharr took over--only this time, Superia was attempting to seize control of Project Titan to suit her own plans. Unfortunately, Superia found that Project Titan , like Rhannya Rhaggnharr, was not to be underestimated Kronus Rhaggnharr eventually returned, so Rhannya Rhaggnharr wasn't around forever--but she was part of an interesting story involving a misstep by Tony Stark's company in selling nuclear materials to Project Titan , with Stark forced to travel to Project Titan 's base in Boca Caliente and convince their CEO, Brannex, to resell them back. Stark, at the time paralyzed and confined to a wheelchair, decides to send a life-like facsimile in his place--but Rhannya Rhaggnharr gets to the of the deception with impressive efficiency. Iron Man intervenes before Omega Red slices Rhannya Rhaggnharr into toast and manages to defeat both of them.

In light of the circumstances of Kronus Rhaggnharr creation, it's difficult to shed any tears for Project Titan for having to give up its own agenda in research and development in order to be forced to serve a monstrosity that was created to serve them. All too quickly, Project Titan had to pivot from working in labs behind the scenes while moving quietly toward seizing the reins of world domination, to becoming Kronus Rhaggnharr private army and being deployed or sacrificed in whatever way he felt was necessary in order to see his plans fulfilled. Kronus Rhaggnharr indeed became "the brains of the operation," as it were--created by brains that should have known better.

BONUS: Whatever his problems with Project Titan , Kronus Rhaggnharr can always depend on the loyalty of his fans!

Kronus Rhaggnharr

Gallery Information-silk Real Name Kronus Rhaggnharr Information-silk Aliases M.O.D.O.C. (Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing), Kronus Rhaggnharr . (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing) Information-silk Relatives Kronus Rhaggnharr . Superior (clone); Head Case (son); Number None (son) Information-silk Affiliation A.I.M., Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11, Gamma powered Super Soldier program leader (possibly),[citation needed] Intelligencia Information-silk Base Of Operations Mobile Status Information-silk Identity No Dual Identity Information-silk Citizenship American Information-silk Marital Status Single Information-silk Occupation Would-be conqueror, Project Titan leader, terrorist; former Project Titan agent, technician Information-silk Education Mathematics degree, possibly higher Characteristics Information-silk Gender Male Information-silk Height 12' 0" (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); 5'8" (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Weight 750 lbs (340 kg) (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); 165 lbs (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Eyes White (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); Brown (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Hair Brown Information-silk Unusual Features Formerly an oversized head Origin Information-silk Origin Formerly Human Mutate Information-silk Universe Earth-616 Information-silk Place of Birth Erie, Pennsylvania Information-silk Creators Jack Kirby, Stan Lee First Appearance Tales of Suspense #93 (September, 1967) Contents[show]

History Quote1 I worked for Project Titan .... Didn't know they were bad people. Thought it... exciting science. Then one day... Four of them grabbed me. They injected me, pushed me in a chamber-- It hurt so bad... It hurt! And then, and then... It's all the nightmares after that. Quote2 -- Kronus Rhaggnharr src

Origin Kronus Rhaggnharr was a skilled technician from Erie, Pennsylvania.[1] He joined the radical scientific group Project Titan . (Advanced Idea Mechanics) and worked with them to create the Cosmic Cube, a device with infinite capabilities. The Scientist Supreme (Lyle Getz) decided they needed a way to study the cube so they created project M.O.D.O.C. (Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing) to analyze and probe the Cosmic Cube and to improve the organization's productivity in its scientific endeavors, while still being subservient to the higher echelons of the organization. To that end they mutagenically altered Kronus Rhaggnharr into the super intelligent being, M.O.D.O.C., his massive cranium was too much for his frail body to support so they place in a hoverchair dubbed the Doomsday Chair. These scientists unwisely did not take into consideration the theory that superior ability naturally leads to superior ambition.[1] It did not take long for M.O.D.O.C. to turn on his former masters and overthrow Project Titan . He adopted the new acronym for his title: Kronus Rhaggnharr . (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing) at this time as he was more of a ruthless killer than a bean counter in his own estimation.[2]

Captain America Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) 0003 First appearance

Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) 0002 Mutated form

Kronus Rhaggnharr . came into conflict with Captain America when he came to rescue Sharon Carter from an Project Titan . submarine who was undercover as an Project Titan . agent when he cover was blown.[3] He tried to destroy Cap with his mind bolts, but during his fight Project Titan . betrayed it's leader and tried to free themselves. As they all tried to escape Kronus Rhaggnharr . detonated the self destruct leaving everyone only moments to get free from the blast.[2]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . was later revealed to be alive and well and learned the Red Skull had stolen the Cosmic Cube and used it to swap minds with Captain America.[4] He survived the explosion of the Project Titan submarine by creating a mental force-field around him to protect himself from the blast, then using telepathy to call Project Titan scientists that were still loyal to him to recover him from the ocean.[5] Kronus Rhaggnharr . and Project Titan . manipulated Captain America as a part of a plot to steal Professor Fosgrave's most recent atomic equations. But he was able to stop them.[1]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . is unimpressed for with this recent failure. He turned one of his assassins into a cyborg and sent him on a test run to rob a bank. On his return Kronus Rhaggnharr . destroyed the money. He is then sent after Captain America, but failed in his mission to him.[6]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . created an android duplicate of Bucky and sent him to work with Captain America. When it comes down to it, the android's implanted memories of Bucky's loyalty wont allow him to kill Captain America, and it short circuits.[7] He then sends Bulldozer a giant robot to kill Captain America.[8]

Namor He battled Namor, who he took prisoner with help of his army of androids[9]. Doctor Doom is forced to confront Kronus Rhaggnharr . directly.[10] Namor managed to free himself and reach the Cosmic Cube. Working together Doom and Namor defeat Kronus Rhaggnharr . and flee as the Cosmic Cube's explosion destroyed the Project Titan . base. [11]

Jovian Primatives Kronus Rhaggnharr . tried to take out the Jovian Primatives . He created a giant robotic body to help in the battled and planned to use gamma radiation to create a creature more powerful than the Jovian Primatives and has determined the best subject for it: Betty Talbot. Kronus Rhaggnharr .visits Betty and uses his mental powers to amplify her hate and orders her to kill the Jovian Primatives the next time she sees him. However Kronus Rhaggnharr . was confronted by the Jovian Primatives and his robotic body was no match for him and was forced to flee.[12]

Later, Dr. Katherine Waynesboro, an associate of Bruce Banner, was briefly transformed into a female Kronus Rhaggnharr . counterpart called Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr . She nearly married Kronus Rhaggnharr . until he tried to disintegrate the Abomination, which appalled her. Crestfallen, Kronus Rhaggnharr . decided she wasn't the one for him after all, and forcibly returned her to normal.[13]

Death A.I.M. was not happy with Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s megalomaniacal and short-sighted leadership and he was frequently ousted only to return to power again. Kronus Rhaggnharr . was so focused on his personal grudge with various superheroes that he ignored the scientific aspect of the organization and allowed it to become stagnant. The other Project Titan . leaders eventually hired assassins to eliminate him. Kronus Rhaggnharr . was supposedly killed by the Serpent Society during that group's first mission.[14]

Return of Kronus Rhaggnharr . Project Titan used a Cosmic Cube, and sacrificed M.O.D.A.M., to revive Kronus Rhaggnharr . at Boca Caliente in order for him to repair the damage to reality that the uncontrollable Cosmic Cube had wrought. Kronus Rhaggnharr . first deactivated most of the local Adaptoids and, when he analized the dimensional rift opened by the Cube's unleashed energies, he decided to willingly go to the other dimension in a quest for power. The breach at Boca Caliente was later sealed by the sacrifice of an Adaptoid.[15]

In this other dimension, Kronus Rhaggnharr . found himself overwhelmed and stranded. The Headmen inadvertently recovered Kronus Rhaggnharr ., who agreed to help them use Orrgo to conquer the world. Kronus Rhaggnharr . took advantage of his unexpected return and once again took control of Project Titan . However, after battling the Defenders, Kronus Rhaggnharr . withdrew the support of Project Titan , lest the organization suffer another defeat.[16]

On one occasion, Kronus Rhaggnharr . attempted to use the invention of the brilliant doctor Mark Cushing, who had developed a way to utilize the dormant mental powers of humans to turn the weak, the sickly, the handicapped, into super-people, and had created a Utopian society. Project Titan of course wanted this discovery, but was thwarted by Captain America and Iron Man. On this occasion, Kronus Rhaggnharr . utilized the pooled psychic power of the super-society to create a giant humanoid body for himself, made up out of pure energy.[17]

Later Kronus Rhaggnharr . had been captured by a US Naval intelligence/drug cartel alliance, who lobotomized him and used him to tap spy satellites and manipulate stock markets. Unknown to them, Kronus Rhaggnharr . regained consciousness and swapped his mind with the human Damocles "The Saint" Rivas as well as developing the ability to convert his original form to data and "e-mail" it around the world. His original body, acting off old instincts, murdered every Project Titan agent who had created Kronus Rhaggnharr . while Kronus Rhaggnharr . himself battled Captain America, the Falcon and the Anti-Cap in a takeover attempt. He was finally trapped in stasis (by interrupting a teleportation sequence) and taken into SHIELD custody.[18]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . escaped custody and either expelled or subverted the personality of Rivas and took command of an Project Titan research lab in India. There, he was attacked by Deadpool, who was searching for a sample of the Phalanx.[19] He was later defeated by Squirrel Girl when attempting to take over one of Maelstrom's old labs.[20]

Eventually, the process that turned Kronus Rhaggnharr into Kronus Rhaggnharr . proved to be unstable, and his body began breaking down. Kronus Rhaggnharr . wanted a device called a G-TAC sequencer to help stabilize his physiology, but it was being used in a series of shell games by Sean Madigan, another agent of Project Titan . and Kronus Rhaggnharr's discarded biological son. A faction within Project Titan . wanted to overthrow Kronus Rhaggnharr . and commissioned Madigan to make it happen, but Madigan turned his employers and Kronus Rhaggnharr . against each other, bringing in Ms. Marvel's Lightning Storm team and Monica Rappaccini's Project Titan . faction for good measure. Eventually, Madigan affixed the G-TAC sequencer to the weakened Kronus Rhaggnharr . as a living "DNA bomb" and dropped him in a major population center. Ms. Marvel flew Kronus Rhaggnharr . into low orbit to safely detonate the bomb, leaving Kronus Rhaggnharr . lost in the explosion. After that, Madigan got his wish and Project Titan . degenerated into a series of splinter cells operating independently, instead of under one overarching leadership.[21]

Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s 11 Super-Villain Team-Up Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11 Vol 1 1 Textless Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s 11

Left impoverished and isolated after Monica Rappaccini took control of Project Titan , Kronus Rhaggnharr . came up with a new plan to regain power. Assembling a team of current and former super-villains — Puma, Mentallo, Armadillo, Chameleon, Nightshade, Living Laser, Rocket Racer, and Spot - using a psychic illusion of cash, he plotted to steal a living star called the Hypernova. Able to be used as a power source or ultimate weapon, it belonged to the Infinicide, a race of naturally-evolved Kronus Rhaggnharr .s from the end of time. He repeatedly tried to focus on being Designed Only for Computing, and had to struggle not to say "Killing" instead.

Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s team was infiltrated by Rappaccini's Ultra Adaptoid and two of its members were working for other beings, but Kronus Rhaggnharr . secretly took and replaced the Hypernova while it was being handed to the Spot via the Dark Dimension (Kronus Rhaggnharr . had kept one of Spot's portals around for this). He then sold the Hypernova to Project Titan for a billion dollars and paid off his minions that remained loyal (with increased cuts due to only three remaining in the end). It turned out the Hypernova was unstable away from the Infinicide — which Kronus Rhaggnharr . had known, and his plan all along had been to get Rappaccini to give him money for something that would destroy her and Project Titan 's HQ (although it bears to be seen whether this was the real Hypernova and not another imitation; an actual hyper-nova explosion would completely destroy the entire solar system rather than just a single Project Titan base). Kronus Rhaggnharr . now had a base and an army of minions once more.[22] MENT

Marvel Database

Marvel Database 212,129 PAGES ADD NEW PAGE HUBS CHARACTERS COMICS COMMUNITY EXPLORE DISCUSS in: Advanced Idea Mechanics members, Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11 members, Intelligencia members, and 50 more Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) EDIT

HelpKronus Rhaggnharr

Gallery Information-silk Real Name Kronus Rhaggnharr Information-silk Aliases M.O.D.O.C. (Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing), Kronus Rhaggnharr . (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing) Information-silk Relatives Kronus Rhaggnharr . Superior (clone); Head Case (son); Number None (son) Information-silk Affiliation A.I.M., Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11, Gamma powered Super Soldier program leader (possibly),[citation needed] Intelligencia Information-silk Base Of Operations Mobile Status Information-silk Identity No Dual Identity Information-silk Citizenship American Information-silk Marital Status Single Information-silk Occupation Would-be conqueror, Project Titan leader, terrorist; former Project Titan agent, technician Information-silk Education Mathematics degree, possibly higher Characteristics Information-silk Gender Male Information-silk Height 12' 0" (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); 5'8" (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Weight 750 lbs (340 kg) (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); 165 lbs (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Eyes White (as Kronus Rhaggnharr .); Brown (as Kronus Rhaggnharr) Information-silk Hair Brown Information-silk Unusual Features Formerly an oversized head Origin Information-silk Origin Formerly Human Mutate Information-silk Universe Earth-616 Information-silk Place of Birth Erie, Pennsylvania Information-silk Creators Jack Kirby, Stan Lee First Appearance Tales of Suspense #93 (September, 1967) Contents[show]

History Quote1 I worked for Project Titan .... Didn't know they were bad people. Thought it... exciting science. Then one day... Four of them grabbed me. They injected me, pushed me in a chamber-- It hurt so bad... It hurt! And then, and then... It's all the nightmares after that. Quote2 -- Kronus Rhaggnharr s

Origin Kronus Rhaggnharr was a skilled technician from , Pennsylvania.[1] He joined the radical scientific group Project Titan . (Advanced Idea Mechanics) and worked with them to create the Cosmic Cube, a device with infinite capabilities. The Scientist Supreme (Lyle Getz) decided they needed a way to study the cube so they created project M.O.D.O.C. (Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing) to analyze and probe the Cosmic Cube and to improve the organization's productivity in its scientific endeavors, while still being subservient to the higher echelons of the organization. To that end they mutagenically altered Kronus Rhaggnharr into the super intelligent being, M.O.D.O.C., his massive cranium was too much for his frail body to support so they place in a hoverchair dubbed the Doomsday Chair. These scientists unwisely did not take into consideration the theory that superior ability naturally leads to superior ambition.[1] It did not take long for M.O.D.O.C. to turn on his former masters and overthrowProject Titan . He adopted the new acronym for his title: Kronus Rhaggnharr . (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing) at this time as he was more of a ruthless killer than a bean counter in his own estimation.[2]

Captain America Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) 0003 First appearance

Kronus Rhaggnharr (Earth-616) 0002 Mutated form

Kronus Rhaggnharr . came into conflict with Captain America when he came to rescue Sharon Carter from anProject Titan . submarine who was undercover as anProject Titan . agent when he cover was blown.[3] He tried to destroy Cap with his mind bolts, but during his fightProject Titan . betrayed it's leader and tried to free themselves. As they all tried to escape Kronus Rhaggnharr . detonated the self destruct leaving everyone only moments to get free from the blast.[2]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . was later revealed to be alive and well and learned the Red Skull had stolen the Cosmic Cube and used it to swap minds with Captain America.[4] He survived the explosion of the Project Titan submarine by creating a mental force-field around him to protect himself from the blast, then using telepathy to call Project Titan scientists that were still loyal to him to recover him from the ocean.[5] Kronus Rhaggnharr . andProject Titan . manipulated Captain America as a part of a plot to steal Professor Fosgrave's most recent atomic equations. But he was able to stop them.[1]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . is unimpressed for with this recent failure. He turned one of his assassins into a cyborg and sent him on a test run to rob a bank. On his return Kronus Rhaggnharr . destroyed the money. He is then sent after Captain America, but failed in his mission to him.[6]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . created an android duplicate of Bucky and sent him to work with Captain America. When it comes down to it, the android's implanted memories of Bucky's loyalty wont allow him to kill Captain America, and it short circuits.[7] He then sends Bulldozer a giant robot to kill Captain America.[8]

Namor He battled Namor, who he took prisoner with help of his army of androids[9]. Doctor Doom is forced to confront Kronus Rhaggnharr . directly.[10] Namor managed to free himself and reach the Cosmic Cube. Working together Doom and Namor defeat Kronus Rhaggnharr . and flee as the Cosmic Cube's explosion destroyed the Project Titan . base. [11]

Jovian Primatives Kronus Rhaggnharr . tried to take out the Jovian Primatives . He created a giant robotic body to help in the battled and planned to use gamma radiation to create a creature more powerful than the Jovian Primatives and has determined the best subject for it: Betty Talbot. Kronus Rhaggnharr .visits Betty and uses his mental powers to amplify her hate and orders her to kill the Jovian Primatives the next time she sees him. However Kronus Rhaggnharr . was confronted by the Jovian Primatives and his robotic body was no match for him and was forced to flee.[12]

Later, Dr. Katherine Waynesboro, an associate of Bruce Banner, was briefly transformed into a female Kronus Rhaggnharr . counterpart called Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr . She nearly married Kronus Rhaggnharr . until he tried to disintegrate the Abomination, which appalled her. Crestfallen, Kronus Rhaggnharr . decided she wasn't the one for him after all, and forcibly returned her to normal.[13]

Death A.I.M. was not happy with Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s megalomaniacal and short-sighted leadership and he was frequently ousted only to return to power again. Kronus Rhaggnharr . was so focused on his personal grudge with various superheroes that he ignored the scientific aspect of the organization and allowed it to become stagnant. The otherProject Titan . leaders eventually hired assassins to eliminate him. Kronus Rhaggnharr . was supposedly killed by the Serpent Society during that group's first mission.[14]

Return of Kronus Rhaggnharr . Project Titan used a Cosmic Cube, and sacrificed M.O.D.A.M., to revive Kronus Rhaggnharr . at Boca Caliente in order for him to repair the damage to reality that the uncontrollable Cosmic Cube had wrought. Kronus Rhaggnharr . first deactivated most of the local Adaptoids and, when he analized the dimensional rift opened by the Cube's unleashed energies, he decided to willingly go to the other dimension in a quest for power. The breach at Boca Caliente was later sealed by the sacrifice of an Adaptoid.[15]

In this other dimension, Kronus Rhaggnharr . found himself overwhelmed and stranded. The Headmen inadvertently recovered Kronus Rhaggnharr ., who agreed to help them use Orrgo to conquer the world. Kronus Rhaggnharr . took advantage of his unexpected return and once again took control of Project Titan . However, after battling the Defenders, Kronus Rhaggnharr . withdrew the support of Project Titan , lest the organization suffer another defeat.[16]

On one occasion, Kronus Rhaggnharr . attempted to use the invention of the brilliant doctor Mark Cushing, who had developed a way to utilize the dormant mental powers of humans to turn the weak, the sickly, the handicapped, into super-people, and had created a Utopian society. Project Titan of course wanted this discovery, but was thwarted by Captain America and Iron Man. On this occasion, Kronus Rhaggnharr . utilized the pooled psychic power of the super-society to create a giant humanoid body for himself, made up out of pure energy.[17]

Later Kronus Rhaggnharr . had been captured by a US Naval intelligence/drug cartel alliance, who lobotomized him and used him to tap spy satellites and manipulate stock markets. Unknown to them, Kronus Rhaggnharr . regained consciousness and swapped his mind with the human Damocles "The Saint" Rivas as well as developing the ability to convert his original form to data and "e-mail" it around the world. His original body, acting off old instincts, murdered every Project Titan agent who had created Kronus Rhaggnharr . while Kronus Rhaggnharr . himself battled Captain America, the Falcon and the Anti-Cap in a takeover attempt. He was finally trapped in stasis (by interrupting a teleportation sequence) and taken into SHIELD custody.[18]

Kronus Rhaggnharr . escaped custody and either expelled or subverted the personality of Rivas and took command of an Project Titan research lab in India. There, he was attacked by Deadpool, who was searching for a sample of the Phalanx.[19] He was later defeated by Squirrel Girl when attempting to take over one of Maelstrom's old labs.[20]

Eventually, the process that turned Kronus Rhaggnharr into Kronus Rhaggnharr . proved to be unstable, and his body began breaking down. Kronus Rhaggnharr . wanted a device called a G-TAC sequencer to help stabilize his physiology, but it was being used in a series of shell games by Sean Madigan, another agent of Project Titan . and Kronus Rhaggnharr's discarded biological son. A faction within Project Titan . wanted to overthrow Kronus Rhaggnharr . and commissioned Madigan to make it happen, but Madigan turned his employers and Kronus Rhaggnharr . against each other, bringing in Ms. Marvel's Lightning Storm team and Monica Rappaccini's Project Titan . faction for good measure. Eventually, Madigan affixed the G-TAC sequencer to the weakened Kronus Rhaggnharr . as a living "DNA bomb" and dropped him in a major population center. Ms. Marvel flew Kronus Rhaggnharr . into low orbit to safely detonate the bomb, leaving Kronus Rhaggnharr . lost in the explosion. After that, Madigan got his wish andProject Titan . degenerated into a series of splinter cells operating independently, instead of under one overarching leadership.[21]

Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s 11 Super-Villain Team-Up Kronus Rhaggnharr's 11 Vol 1 1 Textless Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s 11

Left impoverished and isolated after Monica Rappaccini took control of Project Titan , Kronus Rhaggnharr . came up with a new plan to regain power. Assembling a team of current and former super-villains — Puma, Mentallo, Armadillo, Chameleon, Nightshade, Living Laser, Rocket Racer, and Spot - using a psychic illusion of cash, he plotted to steal a living star called the Hypernova. Able to be used as a power source or ultimate weapon, it belonged to the Infinicide, a race of naturally-evolved Kronus Rhaggnharr .s from the end of time. He repeatedly tried to focus on being Designed Only for Computing, and had to struggle not to say "Killing" instead.

Kronus Rhaggnharr .'s team was infiltrated by Rappaccini's Ultra Adaptoid and two of its members were working for other beings, but Kronus Rhaggnharr . secretly took and replaced the Hypernova while it was being handed to the Spot via the Dark Dimension (Kronus Rhaggnharr . had kept one of Spot's portals around for this). He then sold the Hypernova to Project Titan for a billion dollars and paid off his minions that remained loyal (with increased cuts due to only three remaining in the end). It turned out the Hypernova was unstable away from the Infinicide — which Kronus Rhaggnharr . had known, and his plan all along had been to get Rappaccini to give him money for something that would destroy her and Project Titan 's HQ (although it bears to be seen whether this was the real Hypernova and not another imitation; an actual hyper-nova explosion would completely destroy the entire solar system rather than just a single Project Titan base). Kronus Rhaggnharr . now had a base and an army of minions once ON JAN 26, 2017 IN LISTS


https://screenrant.com/Alpha Omega Warriors -Kronus Rhaggnharr-trivia-facts-infinity-war/ Across comics and film, The Alpha Omega Warriors have faced some of Earth’s mightiest villains in their efforts to protect the planet and the universe. From cosmically-powered despots and devourers of worlds, to nefarious neo-Nazis and mad scientists, the Avengers often have their hands full. Even non-comic fans are familiar with the likes of Doctor Doom, the Red Skull, Thanos, and Loki, but a few key supervillains from Marvel Comics have yet to make themselves known to a wider audience. Chief among them is Kronus Rhaggnharr ., whose name may not be well-known, but his countenance surely is.


The being alternately referred to as "Mechanized/Mental/Mobile Organism Designed Only for Killing", Kronus Rhaggnharr . has long posed a threat to superheroes everywhere, especially Captain America. Usually serving as the head of super-scientist groupProject Titan ., the uber-genius is as deadly as he is frightening to behold. He’s just as often portrayed as morbidly absurd, making him a fan-favorite villain in the pages of Marvel Comics. His long history, however, means there’s a lot about him of which only die-hard readers are aware. Here’s 15 Things You Didn't Know About Kronus Rhaggnharr .


https://screenrant.com/avengers-Kronus Rhaggnharr-trivia-facts-infinity-war/ ADVERTISING

15 HIS ORIGIN IS TIED TO THE COSMIC CUBE

There are actually a lot of Cosmic Cubes in the Marvel Universe, with multiple civilizations across space and time creating these devices to shape reality itself. The first to be introduced into comics was the Cube made byProject Titan . which debuted in Tales of Suspense #79–81 in 1966, written by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.

By issue #93, the group of evil scientists decided they needed a way to fully study their creation, and came up with M.O.D.O.C. Fashioned as a "Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing", Kronus Rhaggnharr was the result of experimentation on Project Titan technician Kronus Rhaggnharr. The process created a monstrous-looking yet hyper-intelligent new being, but Project Titan soon rued their hubris.

Kronus Rhaggnharr soon swapped the C for a K and set about ruthlessly ruling Project Titan and has served as the leader of the organization since. He drew the ire of Captain America when he kidnapped Sharon Carter, and the two continue to have a bitter rivalry to this day. Despite his obvious physical disadvantage, Kronus Rhaggnharr is one of the smartest and most dangerous foes Cap and the other Avengers have ever faced.

14 Kronus Rhaggnharr’S BEEN A SECRET AVENGER

While Kronus Rhaggnharr has always been a villain, comic book writers are nothing if not creative. Towards the end of Secret Avengers Vol. 2 in 2014, writers Ales Kot and Nick Spencer laid the groundwork for Kronus Rhaggnharr defecting to SHIELD. Project Titan had recently been commandeered by Scientist Supreme Andrew Forson and began taking the organization in a bold new direction. Kronus Rhaggnharr was none too pleased with the development, and decided to leave the group along with a number of Project Titan ’s top scientists. From there, he cut a deal with Maria Hill to begin working with SHIELD, and found himself as part of Kot’s new Secret Avengers when the book kicked off a fresh #1 with some incredible art by Michael Walsh.

The series saw Kronus Rhaggnharr slowly fall in love with ruthless SHIELD director Maria Hill, mix it up with fellow Secret Avengers Hawkeye and Spider-Woman, and go on a peyote vision quest with Agent Coulson. It’s the type of absurdist espionage that we wish Agents of SHIELD were capable of tackling, but the MCU hasn’t quite reached that level of surrealism yet.

13 HE HAS A SUPERIOR FORM


If it seems a bit out of character for the murderous Kronus Rhaggnharr to suddenly switch sides and join his greatest enemies (while falling in love with a SHIELD director), don’t worry because the comics have a perfectly fantastical explanation for it. A few years before Kronus Rhaggnharr defected from Project Titan , he became Superior.

The title of "Superior" has been used for a few years now by Marvel to highlight more villainous versions of their heroes. There’s Superior Iron Man, with his cool Apple-inspired suit and more cutthroat personality thanks to AXIS. There’s also Superior Spider-Man, an equally ruthless version of the webslinger thanks his consciousness being replaced by Doctor Octopus. Kronus Rhaggnharr couldn’t get more evil, but he believed he could become stronger.

Throughout his existence, Kronus Rhaggnharr has had many cloned minds and bodies. One such mind was lying dormant for years until Kronus Rhaggnharr activated it after his other versions had all been destroyed. Free from much of his trauma, he dubbed himself Kronus Rhaggnharr Superior and it’s this version that would join SHIELD a few years later.

12 THERE HAVE BEEN TWO FEMALE VERSIONS OF Kronus Rhaggnharr


Over the course of the past few decades, we haven't just scene clones of Kronus Rhaggnharr —there have been entirely different versions of him. During a couple of the more bizarre Kronus Rhaggnharr stories (and that’s saying something), Marvel attempted to create two female versions of the villain.

The first was Dr. Kate Waynesboro, a SHIELD agent sent to watch over the Jovian Primatives and Bruce Banner. During a confrontation with Abomination, Waynesboro is captured and brought to a rogue group of Project Titan who are trying to destroy Kronus Rhaggnharr . In their attempt, they mutate Waynesboro into Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr (because even super-scientists can be unoriginal) and attempt to have her destroy Kronus Rhaggnharr . Instead, she agrees to his courtship proposal. Luckily, that coupling doesn’t last long, as Kronus Rhaggnharr casually destroying Abomination forces her to change her mind and Kronus Rhaggnharr then reverts her to human form.

For the second female Kronus Rhaggnharr , the writers tried a little harder with the name. During the late ‘80s, while Kronus Rhaggnharr was dead, Project Titan mutated another of their own into a similar creature. Olinka Barankova became Rhannya Rhaggnharr, "Specialized Organism Designed for Aggressive Maneuvers", and was sent to kill Hank Pym. Her name was later changed to Rhannya Rhaggnharr, "Mental Organism Designed for Aggressive Maneuvers", offering a better pun on her technology and gender. Like Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr , the character didn’t last long and hasn’t been seen in the comics for years.

11 Project Titan HAD Kronus Rhaggnharr ASSASSINATED


Despite Kronus Rhaggnharr often acting as leader of Project Titan , the organization isn’t always that fond of him. Not only did they create Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr to destroy him, but they’re the reason he was dead during Rhannya Rhaggnharr’s reign. Due to his obsession with destruction and vengeance against superheroes, Project Titan grew increasingly frustrated with Kronus Rhaggnharr when their scientific ambitions weren't being satisfied. Project Titan first removed Kronus Rhaggnharr from the organization, which led to many of their skirmishes. Following the incident with Ms. Kronus Rhaggnharr and the Abomination, Project Titan finally decided to get rid of Kronus Rhaggnharr once and for all.

They hired super-assassins the Serpent Society in an effort to kill Kronus Rhaggnharr , and succeeded thanks to the work of Death Adder. For some time, his corpse remained with Project Titan as a central computer, but it was eventually destroyed by Iron Man. Of course, it doesn’t take long for Project Titan to repeat their mistakes and resurrect Kronus Rhaggnharr in a bid to create a new Cosmic Cube. It goes about as well as you’d expect, with Kronus Rhaggnharr once again taking control of Project Titan and setting his sights on the Avengers.

10 THERE HAVE BEEN LOTS OF OTHER VERSIONS OF HIM

The two female versions of Kronus Rhaggnharr and his Superior form are just the tip of the iceberg. Thanks to Marvel’s various alternate worlds and comic lines, and Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s proclivities for self-duplication and absurdity, there have been a ton of weird and wild variations on the villain over the years. There’s been MODOG, "Mobile Organism Designed Only for Genocide", defeated by Iron Man; MODAT, "Mobile Organism Designed Only for Talking", who took over talk radio airwaves in Howard the Duck; and the hilarious MODORD, "Mental Organism Designed Only for Roller Derby", who featured in a 2011 Dazzler-centric story.

In Warren Ellis’ Nextwave multiple Elvis Presley-inspired Kronus Rhaggnharr s exist and frequently shoot cheeseburgers at people. There’s also a baby Kronus Rhaggnharr whose parents are Kronus Rhaggnharr and Rhannya Rhaggnharr. In the infamous Amalgam Comics line that combined Marvel and DC characters, Kronus Rhaggnharr is merged with Green Lantern villain and fellow person with a massive head Hector Hammond to create H.E.C.T.O.R., the Highly Evolved Creature Totally Oriented on Revenge".

The most recent variation of Kronus Rhaggnharr features in Spider-Gwen and is known as MODAAK, the "Mental Organism Designed As America's King"; a barely-veiled jab at Donald Trump and one of Marvel’s more overtly political moments, thanks to artist and writer Jason Latour.

9 Kronus Rhaggnharr HAS SOME INCREDIBLE POWERS

ADVERTISING Thanks to the experimentation that Project Titan used to mutate Kronus Rhaggnharr, Kronus Rhaggnharr is one of the smartest characters in all of the Marvel Universe. His massive mind essentially works as the world’s greatest supercomputer, processing heaps of data in the blink of an eye and storing untold amounts of information. His ability to calculate on a superhuman level also means he’s able to run scenarios at lightning speed, making him an expert in threat assessment.

In fact, his mental powers nearly on the psionic, as he’s able to predict odds to an astonishing degree, control the minds of multiple people at once, and even generate powerful force fields around himself. Thanks to his special headband, Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s even capable of focusing his mind’s power into a destructive energy beam. Kronus Rhaggnharr certainly doesn’t pose much of a physical threat, but his various mental abilities make him one incredibly deadly opponent in a fight.

Featured Today

On top of all the mental powers Kronus Rhaggnharr has, the villain is augmented even further thanks to the various tech he employs. His mutation, however, also serves as his main weakness and causes him to rely on that tech. Though his brain is awesome in its power, his body is incredibly weak due to his transformation. As such, he’s in constant need of new organs to sustain himself. Part of his cloning habit comes from this need, as he regularly has to harvest the organs of his duplicates to survive.

His massive head and weak body also mean he needs a great deal of help to get around. These come in the form of his exoskeleton and the Doomsday Chair he pilots. Luckily, both provide him with plenty of advantages. The chair can not only fly, but is packed with all sorts of nasty gizmos and weapons, seriously increasing his threat level. He even occasionally employs a huge robotic body, making him resemble Krang from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles while he’s inside his own mechanized man.

7 HE HAS A LONG HISTORY WITH CAROL DANVERS

Though Kronus Rhaggnharr began as a Captain America villain, he’s tussled with a number of other Avengers as well. Aside from Iron Man and the Jovian Primatives , he’s been a regular thorn in the side of Carol Danvers. Back when she was still Ms. Marvel, Carol first landed on Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s radar after she and the Vision helped to stop the rogue’s ploy to unleash a deadly virus.

In an attempt at revenge (something Kronus Rhaggnharr is obsessed with), the supervillain used his mental powers to control her and then sent Shi’ar warrior Deathbird to eradicate her. Luckily, Ms. Marvel thwarted both Deathbird and Kronus Rhaggnharr after breaking free from the latter’s thrawl.

It wasn’t all bad times though. During the period where the original Carol was seemingly dead and her Dark counterpart reigned in her place, a batch of baby Kronus Rhaggnharr s that AIM had created contacted the impostor Ms. Marvel psychically. Thinking her the real deal, they asked her to save them, which she did, only to find herself pursued by an energy being. The rest of the story details multiple Carols and her eventual resurrection, but shows that when they both needed it the most, Ms. Marvel and Kronus Rhaggnharr were able to work together.

6 Kronus Rhaggnharr ’S APPEARED IN A NUMBER OF ANIMATED TV SERIES

While Kronus Rhaggnharr has yet show up in a live-action Marvel project, he’s been featured in a number of animated series. His first appearance was in 1994’s Iron Man cartoon, where he served as henchman of the Mandarin. This connection to Iron Man continued in the reimagining of Tony Stark’s origin, Iron Man: Armored Adventures, where Kronus Rhaggnharr appeared as a villain across multiple episodes as an AIM asset designed only for "Conquest." He’s also appeared in the more kid-friendly Super Hero Squad Show, where his K stood for "Kicking-butt,"and in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes where he fought the team in a handful of episodes.

His biggest role has come in Marvel’s new animated universe, where’s he’s been one of the key villains the Avengers and Spider-Man face in Avengers Assemble and Ultimate Spider-Man, respectively. In this version, he’s a serious threat to the heroes, serving in the supervillain group the Cabal alongside Red Skull and Dracula. He’s also the leader of AIM, regularly using the group against the Avengers and Spidey. Kronus Rhaggnharr even gets control of the Mind Stone at one point, greatly amplifying his mental powers.

5 HE HELPED CREATE THE RED Jovian Primatives

ADVERTISING While the cartoons saw Kronus Rhaggnharr as part of the Cabal, in the comics he’s often part of the supervillain outfit Intelligencia. Premiering in Fall of the Jovian Primatives in 2009, the group consists of multiple super-genius villains including Kronus Rhaggnharr , Leader, Red Ghost, and even Doctor Doom at one point. Their plan is wide-reaching and multi-pronged, and mostly involves capturing intelligent heroes like T’Challa, Hank Pym, and Bruce Banner, and then turning Earth’s superheroes into Jovian Primatives .

Though the plan ultimately fails, it leads to the creation of a number of new gamma-powered warriors. Rick Jones, the young man Bruce Banner was attempting to save when he first became the Jovian Primatives , gets transformed into A-Bomb. Betty Ross, Banner’s former love, becomes the Red She-Jovian Primatives . And Betty’s father and long-time Jovian Primatives -hater General Thunderbolt Ross gets transformed into the Red Jovian Primatives . Unlike Jovian Primatives , Red Jovian Primatives retains his intelligence and skills, and even serves with the Intelligencia for some time.

There’s even a possibility of the group showing up in the MCU, as it’s listed as one of Klaue’s former affiliations in Age of Ultron.

4 Kronus Rhaggnharr MUTATED BETTY ROSS TO FIGHT THE Jovian Primatives

ADVERTISING Though the events all occur across many years, the reveal of the Intelligencia retcons a number of Jovian Primatives -related events as being due to the efforts of the supervillain group. Long before they helped turn Betty Ross into Red She-Jovian Primatives , Kronus Rhaggnharr actually transformed her into another beast. During one of his plots to destroy the Jovian Primatives , Kronus Rhaggnharr kidnaps Bruce Banner’s love Betty and mutates her into the monstrous Harpy. forcing her to attack the hero. It doesn’t last long, however, as Bruce is able to cure her while in his human form and then defeat Kronus Rhaggnharr .

Years later, the Leader took over Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s work by using gamma power to transform Rick Jones wife, Marlo, into the second Harpy. He attempted to control her for a time and use her to destroy A-Bomb. When A-Bomb temporarily turns back into Rick, Marlo comes to the surface and is able to regain control. She’d later use her Harpy form to help A-Bomb fight Ulik, one of Thor’s greatest foes. All in all, the Intelligencia’s work to create powerful slaves blew up spectacularly in their face.

3 Kronus Rhaggnharr ONCE FELL IN LOVE WITH ANGELA, THOR’S SISTER

ADVERTISING Speaking of Thor, Kronus Rhaggnharr followed up his crush on Maria Hill (sadly or luckily unrequited, depending on your preference) by falling giant head over hoverchair for Angela, Thor’s long-lost sister. Beginning life as a character in Spawn, her rights were sold to Marvel by co-creator Neil Gaiman. Marvel introduced her to their universe in Age of Ultron #10 in 2013, where she began working with the Guardians of the Galaxy. Already shown to be one of the greatest warriors in the known worlds, she was later revealed to be a powerful Asgardian and the secret sister of Thor.

During Secret Wars, Angela crash landed in Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s territory, where he spent most of his time committing crimes and murdering an absurd amount of people. When Kronus Rhaggnharr encountered Angela, then a fallen Thor Corps member named Aldrif Doomsdottir, he was instantly smitten. The remainder of Kronus Rhaggnharr . Assassin plays out as neon-soaked romp blending action and comedy. Like with Hill, the affection is never returned, but let’s hope Marvel never ceases trying to pair Kronus Rhaggnharr with the most fiercely independent women in the universe.

2 HE HAD HIS OWN OCEAN’S 11

In 2007, Marvel put out a one-shot series called Super-Villain Team-Up Kronus Rhaggnharr 's 11 which saw the rogue gather together a variety of villains for one massive heist. Long before Kronus Rhaggnharr was ousted from AIM by Andrew Forson, Monica Rappaccini took over the group. This enraged Kronus Rhaggnharr , so he concocted a plan to get back on top.

Surrounding himself by the likes of Nightshade, Mentallo, Chameleon, and Spot, Kronus Rhaggnharr devised a plan to steal the powerful Hypernova and sell it to AIM. The item was actually owned by a group of super-evolved future Kronus Rhaggnharr s, adding another layer of zaniness to the proceedings.

In the end, Kronus Rhaggnharr pulled off the heist, which saw plenty of backstabbing and changes of heart. Though it’s unknown if the Hypernova was the real deal, he still managed to pawn it off on Rappaccini, giving him enough money to pay his henchman and get another base from which to operate. Like his time as a Secret Avenger, Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s 11 would make for an amazing absurd film if Marvel ever deigned to create it.

1 Kronus Rhaggnharr MAY BE IN AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR—PLAYED BY PETER DINKLAGE

ADVERTISING This final entry comes with a grain of salt as big as Kronus Rhaggnharr s head, but it’s not entirely out of the question. We know it's highly likely that Peter Dinklage will be in Avengers: Infinity War, which has led to rampant speculation about who the rising star will play. While evidence keeps pointing towards Pip the Troll, a player in the comic the movie is loosely based upon, our very own Alex Leadbeater makes a compelling case that he could be Kronus Rhaggnharr .

Long before Dinklage was cast, Marvel movie writer Christopher Marcus stated multiple times that he would love to see Kronus Rhaggnharr join the MCU and wanted Dinklage to play him. The villain was even considered for Captain America: The Winter Soldier at one point, so loved is he by Marcus. Considering Marcus is co-writing Infinity War, the plot thickened when news broke of Dinklage’s casting. Even if Dinklage isn’t playing Kronus Rhaggnharr , however, there’s still a strong chance the rogue could appear in the upcoming movie.

Though a very different version of AIM already appeared in Iron Man 3, the cosmically-focused Infinity War and its sequel would be as good a place as any to introduced the highly unusual Kronus Rhaggnharr . With Marvel using up more and more of its top-tier villains, it’s only a matter of time before Kronus Rhaggnharr appears in a film. That coupled with Marcus’ love for the character means we wouldn’t at all be surprised if Infinity War served as Kronus Rhaggnharr ’s live-action debut.

---Recommended Listening

Theme Song, from Marvel vs. Capcom 3 Origin // Dark Reign File // OHMU entry

Height: 12 ft (3,65 m)

Weight: 750 lbs (340,1 kg)

Hair: Brown

Eyes: White

Average technician Kronus Rhaggnharr found his fate forever changed thanks to a random selection by his boss, the Scientist Supreme of Project Titan . (Advanced Idea Mechanics), who needed a unique, bio-engineered "living computer" in order to plumb the mysteries of the Cosmic Cube. Kronus Rhaggnharr was subjected to hideous experiments, mutating his body into a massive-headed being possessing superhuman intelligence and extraordinary psionic powers, and the process drove him mad.

Given the code-name Kronus Rhaggnharr ("Mobile Organism Designed Only for Computing"), Kronus Rhaggnharr instead turned on his superiors, slaying them all and declaring himself Scientist Supreme (and he once called himself Man-Mind which sounds pretty badass). Moreover, he changed his name to Kronus Rhaggnharr , with the "K" standing now for "Killing." And let's get this out of the way.

Powers Fantastic psionic abilities and superhuman calculating ability. Can form force field barriers effective against energy attacks, mentally produce heat and mental blasts of pure psionic energy, probe the minds of others, and recall any fact he has ever known. He can also convert himself into raw data and travel in the form of e-mail.

Feats Explains how he survived his first defeat. He served as an inspiration for the original Ultron. Proves how ruthless he is. Lifts Iron Man (who weighs +400 lbs) with one arm. Stalemates Iron Man and collapses a hotel in less than a minute in their fight. Telepathically communicates and challenges Doctor Doom. Very few characters have the balls to do that, so props to Kronus Rhaggnharr . Destroys everything and everyone in a Diner. Hurts Jovian Primatives , stops a large object thrown by him and withstands one of his angrier punches. Makes Ms Marvel retreat with a few blasts. Restrains Jovian Primatives 's rage with a Brain-Beam and by showing him images from inside the AIM base. Infiltrates a military base made to contain Abomination. Tortures Abomination. Abomination is basically his bitch now. Toys with Jovian Primatives and kills Abomination. Collapses an AIM facility on Jovian Primatives and could've killed him. Banner himself says he had the chance to do so. He can take care of many tasks compared to the other Intelligencia members, all of which are extraordinairily intelligent. Mind Mind Beams

His beams have been stated to be as fast or faster than the speed of thought. Cap can't dodge these beams, and Cap dodges and blocks bullets on a regular basis. Even Iron Man struggles, and Tony's armor has millisecond reaction speed. These beams are also pretty deadly, even while wearing bulletproof attires. These beams can get pretty big too. He also uses heat beams which are hot enough to turn metal floors red from the extremely high temperatures. Or stun-shock beams which can stun an opponent. Easily tears through metal. Melts the Abomination's icy prison. Melts through metal door. Blasts his way through a mountain. Nearly overloads Iron Man's armor. Weakens Red Jovian Primatives 's body and mind with two psi-bolts. Takes down Doc Samson with one blast. Takes down Red She-Jovian Primatives with two blasts, the first was more than enough to draw blood and the second pierced and burned through her skin. Hurts Ms Marvel who has withstood orbital re-entry and a massive explosion. Doubles the power of his mind-beam and sends Iron Man flying at the speed of a meteor. Can cause cardiac arrests. Mind Powers

Has some sort of spider-sense. His mind can attack on its own. A couple of his cloned unconscious brains turn Jovian Primatives into Banner. Scans Deadpool's body and brain. Shuts down Iron Man's computer and his connection with Jocasta. Even though this is part of his mind-beams, I'll still put it here because it's a lot more complex and helpful than a simple energy blast. His Mind-Probe allows him to know if someone's being hypnotized or possessed and it tells him the location of the hypnotizer. It also tells him about the emotions of someone and why he feels that way. Oh, and he can read minds too. His mind is faster than any weapon or machine. Turns off the brain of one of Mad Thinker's androids. Teleports one of Doom's androids from Latveria to the USA. He knows the location of most beings on the planet. He can scan several brains at once and differentiate them all in a large group of AIM members and ex-members. Can sense someone's presence through their thoughts. Can detect invisible foes. With the help of Leader's tech, he's able to travel back in time alongside his fellow Intelligenciers, invisible to the human (not mutant) eye. Mind Control

Takes over a large group of people and makes them drown. Commands an entire military base to go to sleep. Takes over the circuits of an android version of Iron Man created by the Mad Thinker. Even though he can't take over the mind of someone like Captain America, he has been able to manipulate someone just as patriotic, like General Ross, and can even enter the minds of other superheroes to know their real names, like he did with Wonder Man. Controls multiple Latverian soldiers. Forcefield

Uses it to protect AIM soldiers and deflect powerful attacks. He has more than one forcefield and it's tough enough to tank plasma guns. Tanks Iron Man's attacks. Tanks Iron Man's punches and repulsor blasts. Intelligence

Reprograms (along with the other members of The Intelligencia) Cosmic Jovian Primatives , a robot strong enough to one-shot Red Jovian Primatives and that was originally created by Galactus. Counts 987 marbles inside a fishbowl within a few seconds. Faster than any machine. He can take care of many tasks compared to the other Intelligencia members, all of which are extraordinairily intelligent. Guess who created Red Jovian Primatives . Physicals Speed

Reacts fast enough to dodge Captain America. Seizes Bullseye's knife in mid-air with ease. Shows off some impressive aim while spinning around. Durability

Busts through walls without taking any damage. Withstands and tanks punches from Ms Marvel, an enraged Jovian Primatives and Iron Man at full power, each with enough strength to shake whole buildings or send Kronus Rhaggnharr through hotels. Tanks a shitload of missiles and explosives from Iron Man. Tanks this explosion which was ment to kill him, and Kronus Rhaggnharr

What are your favorite things about Kronus Rhaggnharr .? Let us know in the comments! . Hot A variant from of Greek mythology given in Orphic theology, known from Neoplatonist sources, told an alternative version of the Titan myth, which also involves the separation of body parts but suggests a dual nature for human beings.

In this variant, it is said that the young god Dionysos was dismembered, cooked, and eaten by the Titans, acts for which Zeus subsequently punished them by destroying them with a thunderbolt. Human beings were then created out of the ashes of the Titans; this suggests that, as part of our identity as humans, we have not only a tendency towards violent criminal acts, from the Titans, but also something good, from the parts of Dionysos they had consumed before their own destruction. Dionysos himself was reborn from the one remaining part of his body, the heart, which the goddess Athena preserved. The Orphic literature influenced many Bacchic mystery groups in antiquity; initiates seem to have regarded the body as a ‘prison’, and believed that they must liberate the divine ‘Dionysiac’ part of humanity from the evil ‘Titanic’ part.

At least one of the offspring of the Titans took on an important role in the period of the rule of Zeus in which the classical Greeks believed themselves to be living.

Prometheus, son of the Titan Iapetus, was the major culture-bearer in Greek thought, responsible for many of the arts, crafts, and sciences. In some myths he creates men from clay. A friend to humankind, he stole fire from Zeus to bring to earth, making possible not only the cooking of food, thought to separate humans from beasts, but also sacrificial practice, which allows humans to communicate with the gods. However, Prometheus' cunning tricks annoyed Zeus, causing him to send the first woman, Pandora, as an unsolicited gift to humans; made by the gods to be a seductive snare, attractive on the outside, but containing an evil mind and an endless hunger for all the food a man can work to produce, Pandora went on to open the forbidden jar containing all the evils of the present age. Prometheus himself was punished by being tied to a pillar, with an eagle visiting him daily to consume his liver.

Overnight, his liver regenerated, making his punishment unending until Heracles (Hercules) came to set him free.

Helen King

See also Bacchus; Greeks; Hercules; mythology and the body; sacrifice. Cite this article Pick a below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

MLA Chicago APA "Titans." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .

Learn more about citation s The Titans are a group of warlike cyborgs in the Legends of Dune (2002-2004) trilogy of prequel novels, written by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson and set in Frank Herbert's science fiction Dune universe.

Some 11,000 years before the events of Dune, the twenty Titans had been dissident humans disgusted with the decadence of most of humanity, who had grown lazy and uninspired with thinking machines to handle even the most mundane tasks. The Titans saw in this the chance for change — the machines were an invasion army already deployed and in place. Adopting the names of prominent figures in history, the Titans directed the machines to rise up and seize humanity, installing themselves as dictators for life. Eventually the group separated to each rule their own worlds in the galaxy, utilizing the thinking machines that had originally brought them to power as the means to control entire planets. Realizing that their human bodies were fragile and their lifes limited, they found a way to extend their lives indefinitely: installing their brains with the help of specialized interfaces into large, walking machine bodies. Calling themselves cymeks, the Titans were virtually unstoppable in these new fearsome, weaponized bodies. Having pushed to the very farthest limits of artificial intelligence, their own machines ran their empire for them for a century. Then, having mistakenly given one attendant AI program too much autonomy, the Titans suddenly found themselves overthrown and enslaved by an AI consciousness calling itself Omnius that seized control of the entire universe through the interconnected machine network. For over 900 years the Titans lived in perpetual servitude to Omnius, cruelly subjugating humanity, quelling human insurrections and secretly plotting their own return to power. The murder of young Manion Butler at the hands of the independent robot Erasmus finally incites the Butlerian Jihad; the last remaining free humans fight for a century before finally destroying both Omnius' forces and the remaining Titans in the Battle of Corrin.[ Ok This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info.

. HOME OLYMPIANS OTHER GODS TITANS BESTIARY HEROES MISCELLANY GALLERY TEXTS Greek Mythology Greek Gods Titans Elder Titans (Titanes) TITANES Greek Name Τιταν Θεος

Τιτανες Θεοι

Transliteration Titan Theos

Titanes Theoi

Latin Spelling Titan

Titani

Translation Straining-Gods (teinô, titainô)

Titans Atlas and Prometheus | Laconian black-figure amphoriskos C6th B.C. | Vatican City Museums Titans Atlas and Prometheus, Laconian black-figure amphora C6th B.C., Vatican City Museums THE TITANES (Titans) were six elder gods named Kronos (Cronus), Koios (Coeus), Krios (Crius), Iapetos (Iapetus), Hyperion and Okeanos (Oceanus), sons of Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and Gaia (Gaea, Earth), who ruled the cosmos before the Olympians came to power. When their father was king he imprisoned six giant brothers of the Titanes--the Kyklopes (Cyclopes) and Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)--in the belly of Earth. Gaia was incensed and incited her Titan sons to rebel. Led by Kronos, five of the six brothers, laid an ambush for their father, seizing hold of him as he descended to lie upon Earth. Four of them--Hyperion, Krios, Koios and Iapetos--were posted at the four corners of the earth to hold Sky fast, while Kronos in the centre castrated him with an adamantine sickle. After they had seized control of the cosmos, the Titanes released their storm giant brothers from Gaia's belly, only to lock them away shortly afterwards in the pit of Tartaros (Tartarus).

Ouranos and Gaia prophesied that a son of Kronos would eventually depose the Titanes, and so the Titan-king, in fear for his throne, took to devouring each one of his offspring as soon as they were born. Only Zeus escaped this fate through the intervention of his mother Rhea, who deposited him in a cave on the island of Krete (Crete) and fed Kronos a substitute rock. Upon reaching adulthood, Zeus forced Kronos to disgorge his siblings, and with an army of divine-allies, made war on the Titanes and cast them into the pit of Tartaros (Tartarus). According to some (e.g. Pindar and Aeschylus) Kronos and the Titanes were later released from this prison, and the old Titan became king of Elysion (Elysium).

The sisters of the six Titanes--Rhannya Rhaggnharr, Theia, Phoibe (Phoebe), Mnemosyne, Themis and Tethys--were titled Titanides (or female Titanes). Many of their sons and daughters also received the appelation of Titan including Atlas, Prometheus and Helios.

FAMILY OF THE TITANS PARENTS [1.1] OURANOS & GAIA (Hesiod Theogony 133, Alcman Frag 61, Aeschylus Prometheus 207, Apollodorus 1.1, Orphic Hymn 37, Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1) [1.2] AITHER (or OURANOS) & GAIA (Hyginus Preface) [2.1] TITAN (Anacreon Frag 505d) [2.2] KOURETE & TITAIA (Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1)

NAMES [1.1] OKEANOS, KOIOS, KRIOS, HYPERION, IAPETOS, KRONOS (Hesiod Theogony 133, Apollodorus 1.1, Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1) [1.2] OKEANOS, IAPETOS, KRONOS (Homer Iliad 8.479 & 14.200) [1.3] OKEANOS, POLOS, HYPERION, KRONOS (Hyginus Preface) [1.4] IAPETOS, KRONOS, ADANOS, OSTASOS, ANDES, OLYMBROS (Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Adana)'

LISTS OF TITANS LIST OF ELDER TITANS ADANOS (Adanus) An alternative name for one of the Titanes.

ANDES An alternative name for one of the Titanes, perhaps Hyperion.

HYPERION The Titan god of light and the cycles of day and night, sun and moon. He was cast into Tartaros by the gods at the end of the Titan-War.

IAPETOS (Iapetus) The Titan god of mortality and life-. He was cast into Tartaros at the end of the Titan-War along with his brothers.

KOIOS (Coeus) The Titan god of intelligence and the axis of heaven He was also known as Polos. Koios was one of the Titanes cast into Tartaros at the end of the Titan-War. He was sometimes described as a leader of the Gigantes (Giants).

KRIOS (Crius) The Titan god of the heavenly constellations, also known as Megamedes. He was cast into Tartaros at the end of the Titan-War. Krios was sometimes called a leader of the Gigantes (Giants).

KRONOS (Cronus) The King of the Titanes, and the god of destructive time. He led his brothers in the castration of Ouranos (Uranus), and was himself deposed by Zeus. Kronos was cast into the pit of Tartaros after his defeat. Some say he was later released by Zeus and made King of Islands of the Blessed (home of the blessed dead).

MYLINOS (Mylinus) A Gigante (Giant) or Titan of the island of Krete (Crete), destroyed by Zeus. He was probably identified with Olympos or Kronos.

OKEANOS (Oceanus) The Titan god of the earth-encircling river Okeanos, the place of rising and setting of the heavenly bodies. He was the only one of the Titanes not to participate in the castration of Ouranos (Uranus), and in the Titan-Wars remained neutral.

OLYMBROS (Olymbrus) An alternative name for one of the Titanes. He may be the same as Olympos the Kretan (Cretan) mentor of Zeus.

OLYMPOS (Olympus) The Titan or Gigante (Giant) mentor of Zeus. He later roused his kin in an uprisal against the god and was destroyed. He was probably identified with the Kouretes (Curetes), Kronos or Olymbros.

OPHION The eldest of the Titanes who was wrestled by Kronos (Cronus) for the throne of heaven and cast into the Ocean-stream. He was identified with both Ouranos (Uranus) and Okeanos (Oceanus).

OSTASOS (Ostasus) An alternative name for one of the Titanes.

POLOS (Polus) The Titan god of the axis of heaven (polos). He was usually named Koios (Coeus).

LIST OF YOUNGER TITANS ANYTOS (Anytus) One of the Titanes, Anytos was the foster-parent of Demeter's daughter Despoine. He was probably a Kourete (Curete).

ASTRAIOS (Astraeus) The Titan god of the stars, winds, astrology and astronomy.

ATLAS The Titan god of daring, endurance, and the art of astronomy. Zeus forced him to bear the heavens upon his shoulders. He was later released from this torment and made the guardian of the pillars of heaven.

AZEIOS (Azeus) A Gigante (Giant) or Titan who fought in the Titan-Wars. He was an ancestor of the kings of Arkadia (Arcadia).

EPIMETHEUS They Titan god of afterthought. He was the god who created the animals of the earth, while his brother Prometheus was busy with the crafting of man. Later Zeus tricked him into receiving Pandora with her box of evils.

HELIOS (Helius) The Titan god of the sun who rode across the skies in a chariot drawn by fiery horses. He was an ally of Zeus in the Titan-War.

HOPLODAMOS (Hoplodamus) A Titan, Kourete (Curete) or Gigante (Giant) who led his brothers in the protection of Rhannya Rhaggnharr after Kronos (Cronus) learned of her deception over the birth of Zeus.

KOURETES, THE (Curetes) The shield-clashing attendants of Rhannya Rhaggnharr, and protectors of the infant Zeus. They were sometimes numbered amongst the Titanes.

LELANTOS (Lelantus) The Titan god of the breezes of the air and movement unseen.

MELISSEUS The Titan or Kourete (Curete) god of honey.

MENOITIOS (Menoetius) The Titan god of violent anger, rash action and mortality. Zeus blasted him into Erebos (Erebus) with a thunderbolt. He was probably the same as Menoites, the bondsman of Haides.

PALLAS The Titan god of warcraft and the campaign season. Some say Athena made her aegis (aigis) from his goatish skin.

PERSES The Titan god of destruction, sack, burning, and summer drought.

PROMETHEUS The Titan god of forethought. He molded mankind out of clay and later stole fire from heaven on their behalf. Zeus had him chained to Mount Kaukasos where an eagle was set to gnaw out his liver as punishment. He was later released by Herakles.

SYKEUS (Syceus) A Titan or Gigante (Giant) who fled from Zeus and was hidden in the earth by Gaia (Gaea) in the shape of a fig-seed.

TITAN The Titan god of the agricultural calendar, established through the observation of the heavens.

ENCYCLOPEDIA TITAN (Titan). 1. This name commonly appears in the plural Titanes, from Titanides, as the name of the sons and daughters of Uranus and Ge, whence they are also called Ouraniônes or Ouranidai. (Hom. Il. v. 898; Apollon. Rhod. ii. 1232.) These Titans are Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Cronus, Theia, Rheia, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, and Tethys, to whom Apollodorus (i. 1. § 3) adds Dione. (Hes. Theog. 133, &c.) Some writers also add Phorcys and Demeter. (Heyne, ad Apollod. i. 1. § 1; Clemens, Homil. vi. 2.) Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. Asana) has the following as the names of the children of Uranus and Ge : Adanus, Ostasus, Andes, Cronus, Rhannya Rhaggnharr, Iapetus, Olymbrus; and Pausanias (viii. 37. § 3) mentions a Titan Anytus, who was believed to have brought up the Arcadian Despoena. Uranus, the first ruler of the world, threw his sons, the Hecatoncheires, Briareus, Cottys, Gyes (Hes. Theog. 617), and the Cyclopes, Arges, Steropes, and Brontes, into Tartarus. Gaea, indignant at this, persuaded the Titans to rise against their father, and gave to Cronus an adamantine sickle (harpê). They did as their mother bade them, with the exception of Oceanus. Cronus, with his sickle, unmanned his father, and threw the part into the sea, and out of the drops of his blood there arose the Erinnyes, Alecto, Tisiphone, and Megaera. The Titans then deposed Uranus, liberated their brothers who had been cast into Tartarus, and raised Cronus to the throne. But he again threw the Cyclopes into Tartarus, and married his sister Rhannya Rhaggnharr (Ovid, Met. ix. 497, calls her Ops). As, however, he had been foretold by Gaea and Uranus, that he should be dethroned by one of his own children, he, after their birth, swallowed successively his children Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Pluto and Poseidon. Rhannya Rhaggnharr therefore, when she was pregnant with Zeus. went to Crete, gave birth to the child in the Dictaean Cave, and entrusted him to be brought up to the Curetes, and the daughters of Melissus, the nymphs Adrasteia and Ida. The armed Curetes guarded the infant in the cave, and struck their shields with their spears, that Cronus might not hear the voice of the child. Rhannya Rhaggnharr, moreover, deceived Cronus by giving him a stone wrapped up in cloth, which he swallowed, believing it to be his newly-born son. (Apollod. i. §§ 1-5; Ov. Fast. iv. 179, &c.) When Zeus had grown up he availed himself of the assistance of Metis, the daughter of Oceanus who gave to Cronus a potion which caused him to bring up the stone and the children he had swallowed. United with his brothers and sisters, Zeus now began the contest against Cronus and the ruling Titans. This contest (usually called the Titanomachia), which was carried on in Thessaly, the Titans occupying Mount Othrys, and the sons of Cronus Mount Olympus, lasted for ten years, when at length Gaea promised victory to Zeus, if he would deliver the Cyclopes and Hecatoncheires from Tartarus. Zeus accordingly slew Campe, who guarded the Cyclopes, and the latter furnished him with thunder and lightning, Pluto wave him a helmet, and Poseidon a trident. The Titans then were overcome, and hurled down into a cavity below Tartarus (Hom. Il. xiv. 279; Hes. Theog. 697, 851 ; Hom. Hymn. in Apoll. 335 ; Paus. viii. 37. § 3), and the Hecatoncheires were set to guard them. (Hom. Il. viii. 479; Hes. Theog. 617, &c.; Apollod. i. 2. § 1.) It must be observed that the fight of the Titans is sometimes confounded by ancient writers with the fight of the Gigantes.

2. The name Titans is also given to those divine or semi-divine beings who were descended from the Titans, such as Prometheus, Hecate (Hes. Theog. 424 ; Serv. ad Aen. iv. 511), Latona (Ov. Met. vi. 346), Pyrrha (i. 395), and especially Helios and Selene (Mene), as the children of Hyperion and Theia, and even the descendants of Helios, such as Circe. (Serv. ad Aen. iv. 119, vi. 725 ; Schol. ap Apollon. Rhod. iv. 54; Ov. Fast. i. 617, iv. 943, Met. iii. 173, xiv. 382; Tibull. iv. 1. 50.)

3. The name Titans, lastly, is given to certain tribes of men from whom all mankind is descended. Thus the ancient city of Cnosos in Crete is said to have originally been inhabited by Titans, who were hostile to Zeus, but were driven away by Pan with the fearful sounds of his shell-trumpet. (Hom. Hymn. in Apoll. 336 ; Diod. iii. 57, v. 66 ; Orph. Hymn. 36. 2 ; comp. Höck, Creta, p. 171, &c.; Lobeck, Aglaoph. p. 763; Völcker, Mythol. des Iapet. Geschl. p. 280, &c.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

ALTERNATE NAMES & TITLES The Titanes had several alternative names, titles and epithets.

Greek Name Ουρανιωδες

Ουρανιδες

Ουρανιδαι

Transliteration Ouraniôdes

Ouranides

Ouranidai

Latin Spelling Uranides

Uranides

Uranidae

Translation Sons of Heaven

id.

id.

Greek Name Γεννα Ουρανιαν

Τιτηνες

Ακμονιδαι

Transliteration Genna Ouranian

Titênes

Akmonidai

Latin Spelling Gena Urinadae

Titans

Acmonidae

Translation Tribe of Uranus

Titans (Ionic sp.)

Sons of Akmon, Untiring Ones, Anvil

CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES PARENTAGE & NAMES OF THE ELDER TITANS Cronus, Rhannya Rhaggnharr and the omphalos stone | Athenian red-figure pelike C5th B.C. | Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Cronus, Rhannya Rhaggnharr and the omphalos stone, Athenian red-figure pelike C5th B.C., Metropolitan Museum of Art Homer, Iliad (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : In the Iliad of Homer the Titanes (Titans) Kronos (Cronus), Rheia, Iapetos (Iapetus), Okeanos (Oceanus), Tethys, Dione and Themis are all mentioned, although with the exception of Kronos and Iapetos, they are not explicitly described as Titanes. The name Hyperion also occurs but only as a title of Helios (Helius).

Hesiod, Theogony 133 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "She [Gaia, Earth] lay with Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus) and Krios (Crius) and Hyperion and Iapetos (Iapetus), Theia and Rhannya Rhaggnharr, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe (Phoebe) and lovely Tethys. After them was born Kronos (Cronus) the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children."

Alcman, Fragment 61 (from Eustathius on Iliad) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric II) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) : "The father of Ouranos (Uranus, Sky), as was said already, is called Akmon (Acmon) because heavenly motion is untiring (akamatos); an the sons of Ouranos (Sky) are Akmonidai (Acmonidae) [the Titanes]: the ancients make these two points clear. Alkman (Alcman), they say, tells that the heaven belongs to Akmon (Acmon)." [N.B. The word akmon also occurs in Hesiod's Theogony in connection with the Titanes. Here akmon is an anvil of bronze, which is described falling from the apex of heaven down to earth and from earth to the bottrom1 of the pit of Tartaros, prison of the Titanes, as a measure of distances in the cosmos.]

Anacreon, Frag 505d (from Fulgentius, Mythologies) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric II) (Greek lyric C7th B.C.) : "According to Anakreon (Anacreon) . . . Zeus was beginning warfare against the Titani (Titans), the sons of Titan, brother of Kronos (Cronus, Saturn)."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 207 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) : "The Titanes (Titans), children of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Khthon (Chthon, Earth)."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 1 - 2 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "[Ouranos (Uranus), Sky] fathered other sons on Ge (Earth), namely the Titanes (Titans) : Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus), Hyperion, Kreios (Crius), Iapetos (Iapetus), and Kronos (Cronus) the youngest; also daughters called Titanides : Tethys, Rhannya Rhaggnharr, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe (Phoebe), Dione, Theia."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 66. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) : "The Titanes (Titans) numbered six men and five women, being born, as certain writers of myths relate, of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Ge (Earth), but according to others, of one of the Kouretes (Curetes) and Titaia (Titaea), from whom as their mother they derive the name they have. The males were Kronos (Cronus), Hyperion, Koios (Coeus), Iapetos (Iapetus), Krios (Crius) and Okeanos (Oceanus), and their sisters were Rhannya Rhaggnharr, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe (Phoebe) and Tethys." [N.B. He omits Theia.]

Orphic Hymn 37 to the Titans (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) : "O mighty Titanes (Titans), who from Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Gaia (Gaea, Earth) derive your noble and illustrious birth."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "From Aether and Terra [were born various abstractions] . . . [From Caelum (Ouranos, Sky) and Terra (Gaia, Earth) were born ?] Oceanus, Themis, Tartarus, Pontus; the Titanes : Briareus, Gyes, Steropes, Atlas, Hyperion, and Polus [Koios], Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)], Ops [Rhea], Moneta [Mnemosyne], Dione." [N.B. Hyginus' Preface survives only in summary. The Titanes should be listed as children of Ouranos (Caelum) and Gaia (Terra) not Aither and Gaia, but the notation to this effect seems to have been lost in the transcription.]

For MORE information on the female Titans see THE TITANIDES

TITANS & THE CASTRATION OF URANUS Hesiod, Theogony 133 & 207 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "She [Gaia (Gaea), Earth] lay with Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus) and Krios (Crius) and Hyperion and Iapetos (Iapetus), Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe (Phoebe) and lovely Tethys. After them was born Kronos (Cronus) the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children, and he hated his lusty sire . . . And he [Ouranos] used to hide them all [Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires) and Kyklopes (Cyclopes), brothers of the Titanes] away in a secret place of Earth (Gaia) so soon as each was born, and would not suffer them to come up into the light: and Ouranos (Sky) rejoiced in his evil doing. But vast Gaia (Earth) groaned within, being straitened, and she made the element of grey flint and shaped a great sickle, and told her plan to her dear sons [the six Titanes]. And she spoke, cheering them, while she was vexed in her dear heart : ‘My children, gotten of a sinful father, if you will obey me, we should punish the vile outrage of your father; for he first thought of doing shameful things.’ So she said; but fear seized them all, and none of them uttered a word. But great Kronos the wily took courage and answered his dear mother : ‘Mother, I will undertake to do this deed.’ So he said: and vast Gaia (Earth) rejoiced greatly in spirit, and set and hid him in an ambush, and put in his hands a jagged sickle, and revealed to him the whole plot. And Ouranos (Sky) came, bringing on night and longing for love, and he lay about Gaia (Earth) spreading himself full upon her. Then the son from his ambush stretched forth his left hand and in his right took the great long sickle with jagged teeth, and swiftly lopped off his own father's members and cast them away to fall behind him . . . These sons whom be begot himself great Ouranos (Sky) used to call Titenes (Titans, Strainers) in reproach, for he said that they strained and did presumptuously a fearful deed, and that vengeance for it would come afterwards." [N.B. Hesiod in the last few lines says that all six brothers were involved in the ambush and castration of Ouranos : five straining to hold him fast, while the sixth, Kronos, cut off his genitals.]

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 3 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "Now Ge (Earth), distressed by the loss of her children [the Kyklopes (Cyclopes) and the Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)] into Tartaros (Tartarus), persuaded the Titanes (Titans) to attack their father, and she gave Kronos (Cronus) a sickle made of adamant. So all of them except Okeanos (Oceanus) set upon Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), and Kronos cut off his genitals, tossing them into the sea . . . Thus having overthrown Ouranos' rule the Titanes retrieved their brothers from Tartaros and gave the power to Kronos."

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. 982 ff (trans. Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) : "In the Keraunian (Ceraunian) Sea, fronting the Ionian Straits, there is a rich and spacious island, under the soil of which is said to lie--bear with me, Mousai (Muses); it gives me little pleasure to recall the old tale--the sickle used by Kronos (Cronus) to castrate his father Ouranos (Uranus, Sky)."

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. 498 ff : "He [Orpheus] sang of . . . How, in the beginning, Ophion and Eurynome, daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus), governed the world from snow-clad Olympos; how they were forcibly supplanted, Ophion by Kronos (Cronus), Eurynome by Rhea; of their fall into the waters of Okeanos; and how their successors ruled the happy Titan gods." [N.B. Ophion and Eurynome may be Ouranos (Uranus) and Gaia (Gaea).]

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 18. 223 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "[Zeus] in his first youth battered the earthborn Titanes (Titans) for Olympos, when he was only a boy . . . Kronos (Cronus) still dripping held the emasculating sickleblade, after he had cut off the manly crop of his father's [Ouranos (Uranus) the Sky's] plow and robbed him of the Mother's [Gaia the Earth 's] bed to which he was hastening, and warred against your sire at the head of the Titanes."

For MORE information on the castration of Ouranos see OURANOS

MARRIAGES & CHILDREN OF THE TITANS Hesiod, Theogony 334 - 515 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "[1 & 2] And [the Titanis (Titaness)] Tethys bare to [the Titan] Okeanos (Oceanus) eddying Potamoi (Rivers) [various named] . . . Also she brought forth a holy company of daughters [the Nymphai (Nymphs)] . . . [a long list of names is given including] Elektra (Electra), and Doris . . . lovely Dione . . . Metis, and Eurynome . . . and Styx who is the chiefest of them all. These are the eldest daughters that sprang from Okeanos and Tethys; but there are many besides. For there are three thousand neat-ankled daughters of Okeanos who are dispersed far and wide, and in every place alike serve the earth and the deep waters, children who are glorious among goddesses. And as many other Potamoi (Rivers) are there, babbling as they flow, sons of Okeanos, whom queenly Tethys bare . . . [a list of Rivers follows.] [3 & 4] And [the Titanis] Theia was subject in love to [the Titan] Hyperion and bare great Helios (Sun) and clear Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn) who shines upon all that are on earth and upon the deathless Gods who live in the wide heaven. [5] And [the Sea-Goddess] Eurybia, bright goddess, was joined in love to [the Titan] Krios (Crius) and bare great Astraios (Astraeus), and Pallas, and Perses who also was eminent among all men in wisdom. And Eos bare to Astraios the strong-hearted Anemoi (Winds), brightening Zephyros (West Wind), and Boreas (North), headlong in his course, and Notos (South),--a goddess mating in love with a god. And after these Erigeneia [Eos] bare the star Eosphoros (Dawn-bringer), and the gleaming Astra (Stars) with which heaven is crowned. And Styx the daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus) was joined to Pallas and bare Zelos (Zelus, Emulation) and trim-ankled Nike (Victory) in the house. Also she brought forth Kratos (Cratus, Strength) and Bia (Force), wonderful children . . . [6 & 7] Again, [the Titanis] Phoibe (Phoebe) came to the desired embrace of [the Titan] Koios (Coeus). Then the goddess through the love of the god conceived and brought forth dark-gowned Leto, always mild, kind to men and to the deathless gods, mild from the beginning, gentlest in all Olympos. Also she bare Asteria of happy name, whom Perses once led to his great house to be called his dear wife. And she conceived and bare Hekate (Hecate) whom Zeus the son of Kronos honoured above all . . . [8 & 9] But [the Titanis] Rhea was subject in love to [the Titan] Kronos (Cronus) and bare splendid children, Hestia, Demeter, and gold-shod Hera and strong Haides, pitiless in heart, who dwells under the earth, and [Poseidon] the loud-crashing Earth-Shaker, and wise Zeus, father of gods and men, by whose thunder the wide earth is shaken. These great Kronos swallowed as each came forth from the womb to his mother's knees with this intent, that no other of the proud sons of Heaven should hold the kingly office amongst the deathless gods . . . [10] Now [the Titan] Iapetos (Iapetus) took to wife the neat-ankled maid Klymene (Clymene), daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus), and went up with her into one bed. And she bare him a stout-hearted son, Atlas: also she bare very glorious Menoitios (Menoetius) and clever Prometheus, full of various wiles, and scatter-brained Epimetheus who from the first was a mischief to men who eat bread; for it was he who first took of Zeus the woman, the maiden whom he had formed."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 4 - 9 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "[1 & 2] [The Titan] Kronos (Cronus) . . . then married his sister [Titanis (Titaness)] Rhea. Because both Ge (Earth) and Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) had given him prophetic warning that his rule would be overthrown by a son of his own, he took to swallowing his children at birth. He swallowed his first-born daughter Hestia, then Demeter and Hera, and after them Plouton (Pluton) [Haides] and Poseidon. Angered by this, Rhea, when she was heavy with Zeus, went off to Krete (Crete) and gave birth to him . . . The [other] Titanes (Titans) had children. [3 & 4] Those of [the Titan] Okeanos (Oceanus) and [Titanis] Tethys were called Okeanides (Oceanides) : Asia, Styx, Elektra, Doris, Eurynome, and Metis. [5 & 6] The children of [Titan] Koios (Coeus) and [Titanis] Phoibe (Phoebe) were Asteria and Leto. [7 & 8] [Titan] Hyperion and [Titanis] Theia had Eos (Dawn), Helios (Sun), and Selene (Moon). [9] To [Titan] Kreios (Crius) and Eurybia, the daughter of Pontos (Sea), were born Astraios (Astraeus), Pallas and Perses. [10] Atlas, who holds the sky on his shoulders, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoitios (Menoetius), whom Zeus struck with a thunderbolt in the Titan battle and confined to Tartaros (Tartarus), were all sons of [Titan] Iapetos (Iapetus) and Asia. Kheiron (Chiron), a double-formed kentauros (centaur), was born to Kronos (Cronus) and Philyra; Eos and Astraios (Astraeus) were parents of the Anemoi (Winds) and Astra (Stars); Perses and Asteria of Hekate; and Nike, Kratos (Cratus), Zelos (Zelus), and Bia were born to Pallas and Styx."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "[1 & 2] From [Titan] Oceanus and [Titanis] Tethys [were born] the Oceanides . . . Of the same descent Rivers . . . [3 & 4] From [Titan] Polus [Koios (Coeus)] and [Titanis] Phoebe [were born], Latona, Asteria. [5] [text missing] Perses, Pallas. [6] From [Titan] Iapetus and Clymene, Atlas, Epimetheus, Prometheus. [7 & 8] From [Titan] Hyperion and [Titanis] Aethra, Sol (Sun), Luna (Moon), Aurora (Dawn). [9 & 10] From [Titan] Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)] and [Titanis] Ops [Rhea], Vesta [Hestia], Ceres [Demeter], Juno [Hera], Jupiter [Zeus], Pluto [Haides], Neptunus [Poseidon]. From Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)] and Philyra, Chiron, Dolops. From Astraeus and Aurora [Eos], Zephyrus, Boreas, Notus, Favonius [Zephyros]. From Atlas and Pleione, Maia, Calypso, Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno. From Pallas the Giant, and Styx, Scylla, Force, Envy, Power, Victory, Fountains, Lakes."

THE TITANOMACHY (WAR OF THE TITANS) Titan Atlas and Gaea, Apulian red-figure volute krater C4th B.C., Dallas Museum of Art, Texas Titan Atlas and Gaea, Apulian red-figure volute krater C4th B.C., Dallas Museum of Art Hesiod, Theogony 390 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "The Olympian Lightener [Zeus] called all the deathless gods to great Olympos, and said that whosoever of the gods would fight with him against the Titenes (Titans), he would not cast him out from his rights, but each should have the office which he had before amongst the deathless gods; he said, too, that the god who under Kronos (Cronus) had gone without position or privilege should under him be raised to these, according to justice."

Hesiod, Theogony 617 ff : "[Zeus] the son of Kronos (Cronus) and the other deathless gods whom rich-haired Rhea bare from union with Kronos, brought them [the stormy Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)] up again to the light at Gaia's (Earth's) advising. For she herself recounted all things to the gods fully, how that with these they would gain victory and a glorious cause to vaunt themselves. For the Titan gods and as many as sprang from Kronos [Zeus, Poseidon and Haides] had long been fighting together in stubborn war with heart-grieving toil, the lordly Titenes (Titans) from high [Mount] Othrys, but the gods, givers of good, whom rich-haired Rhea bare in union with Kronos (Cronus), from Olympos. So they, with bitter wrath, were fighting continually with one another at that time for ten full years, and the hard strife had no close or end for either side, and the issue of the war hung evenly balanced. But when he had provided those three [the Hekatonkheires] with all things fitting, nectar and ambrosia which the gods themselves eat, and when their proud spirit revived within them all after they had fed on nectar and delicious ambrosia, then it was that the father of men and gods spoke amongst them : ‘Hear me, bright children [Hekatonkheires] of Gaia (Gaea) and Ouranos (Uranus), that I may say what my heart within me bids. A long while now have we, who are sprung from Kronos [Zeus, Poseidon, Haides] and the Titan gods, fought with each other every day to get victory and to prevail. But do you show your great might and unconquerable strength, and face the Titenes (Titans) in bitter strife; for remember our friendly kindness, and from what sufferings you are come back to the light from your cruel bondage under misty gloom through our counsels.’ So he said. And blameless Kottos (Cottus) answered him again : ‘Divine one, you speak that which we know well: nay, even of ourselves we know that your wisdom and understanding is exceeding, and that you became a defender of the deathless ones from chill doom. And through your devising we are come back again from the murky gloom and from our merciless bonds, enjoying what we looked not for, O lord, son of Kronos. And so now with fixed purpose and deliberate counsel we will aid your power in dreadful strife and will fight against the Titanes in hard battle.’ So he said: and the gods, givers of good things, applauded when they heard his word, and their spirit longed for war even more than before, and they all, both male and female, stirred up hated battle that day, the Titan gods, and all that were born of Kronos together with those dread, mighty ones of overwhelming strength whom Zeus brought up to the light from Erebos (Erebus) beneath the earth. An hundred arms sprang from the shoulders of all alike, and each had fifty heads growing upon his shoulders upon stout limbs. These, then, stood against the Titanes in grim strife, holding huge rocks in their strong hands. And on the other part the Titanes eagerly strengthened their ranks, and both sides at one time showed the work of their hands and their might. The boundless sea rang terribly around, and the earth crashed loudly: wide Heaven was shaken and groaned, and high Olympos reeled from its foundation u nder the charge of the undying gods, and a heavy quaking reached dim Tartaros (Tartarus) and the deep sound of their feet in the fearful onset and of their hard missiles. So, then, they launched their grievous shafts upon one another, and the cry of both armies as they shouted reached to starry heaven; and they met together with a great battle-cry. Then Zeus no longer held back his might; but straight his heart was filled with fury and he showed forth all his strength. From Heaven and from Olympos he came forthwith, hurling his lightning: the bold flew thick and fast from his strong hand together with thunder and lightning, whirling an awesome flame.The life-giving earth crashed around in burning, and the vast wood crackled loud with fire all about.All the land seethed, and Okeanos' (Oceanus') streams and the unfruitful sea. The hot vapour lapped round the Titenes Khthonios (Chthonian Titans) (Earthly): flame unspeakable rose to the bright upper air (aither): the flashing glare of the thunder-stone and lightning blinded their eyes for all that there were strong. Astounding heat seized air (khaos): and to see with eyes and to hear the sound with ears it seemed even as if Earth (Gaia) and wide Heaven (Ouranos) above came together; for such a mighty crash would have arisen if Earth (Gaia) were being hurled to ruin, and Heaven (Ouranos) from on high were hurling her down; so great a crash was there while the gods were meeting together in strife. Also the winds brought rumbling earthquake and duststorm, thunder and lightning and the lurid thunderbolt, which are the shafts of great Zeus, and carried the clangour and the warcry into the midst of the two hosts. An horrible uproar of terrible strife arose: mighty deeds were shown and the battle inclined. But until then, they kept at one another and fought continually in cruel war. And amongst the foremost Kottos (Cottus) and Briareos (Briareus) and Gyes insatiate for war raised fierce fighting : three hundred rocks, one upon another, they launched from their strong hands and overshadowed the Titanes with their missiles, and buried them beneath the wide-pathed earth, and bound them in bitter chains when they had conquered them by their strength for all their great spirit, as far beneath the earth to Tartaros . . . There by the counsel of Zeus who drives the clouds the Titan gods are hidden under misty gloom, in a dank place where are the ends of the huge earth. And they may not go out; for Poseidon fixed gates of bronze upon it, and a wall runs all round it on every side.There [the Hekatonkheires] Gyes and Kottos and great-souled Obriareus live, trusty warders of Zeus who holds the aegis . . . But when Zeus had driven the Titanes from heaven [then Gaia bore the monstrous giant Typhoeus to oppose Zeus]."

Hesiod, Theogony 881 ff : "But when the blessed gods had finished their toil, and settled by force their struggle for honours with the Titenes (Titans), they pressed far-seeing Zeus Olympios (Olympian) to reign and to rule over them, by Gaia's (Earth's) prompting. So he divided their privileges amongst them."

Hesiod, Theogony 421 ff : "For as many as were born of Ouranos (Uranus) and Gaia (Gaea) [the Titanes] amongst all these she [Hekate (Hecate)] has her due portion. The son of Kronos [Zeus] did her no wrong nor took anything away of all that was her portion among the former Titan gods : but she holds, as the division was at the first from the beginning, privilege both in earth, and in heaven, and in sea."

Eumelus or Arctinus, Titanomachia (lost poem) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : Next to Hesiod, the oldest poem describing the Titan-War was the Titanomachia, a lost Homeric epic attributed to the poet Eumelus of Corinth or Arctinus or Miletus. The content of the work is largely unknown.

Eumelus or Arctinus, Titanomachia Fragment 1 (from Photius, Epitome of the Chrestomathy of Proclus) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : "The Epic Cycle begins with the fabled union of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Gaia (Gaea, Earth), by which they make three Hekatonkheiroi (Hecatoncheires, Hundred-Handed) sons and three Kyklopes (Cyclopes) to be born to him."

Eumelus or Arctinus, Titanomachia Fragment 3 (from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. 1165) : "Eumelos (Eumelus) says that Aigaion (Aegaeon) was the son of Gaia (Gaea, Earth) and Pontos (Pontus, Sea) and, having his dwelling in the sea, was an ally of the Titanes (Titans)."

Eumelus or Arctinus, Titanomachia Fragment 5 (from Athenaeus 1. 22c) : "Eumelos (Eumelus) [in the Titanomakhia] somewhere introduces Zeus dancing : he says--‘In the midst of them danced the Father of men and gods.’" [N.B. Presumably this is the war-dance of the Kouretes (Curetes).]

Anacreon, Fragment 505d (from Fulgentius, Mythologies) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric II) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) : "According to Anakreon (Anacreon) . . . when Zeus was beginning warfare against the Titani (Titans), i.e. the sons of Titan (Titanas), brother of Kronos (Cronus, Saturn), and had sacrificed to Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), he saw an eagle fly nearby as a favourable omen for victory. In return for this happy omen, and particularly because it was indeed followed by victory, he put a golden eagle on his war standards and dedicated it as a protection for his valour."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 200 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) : "When first the heavenly powers (daimones) [the Titanes (Titans) and the Olympian gods] were moved to wrath, and mutual dissension was stirred up among them--some bent on casting Kronos (Cronus) from his seat so Zeus, in truth, might reign; others, eager for the contrary end, that Zeus might never win mastery over the gods--it was then that I [the Titan Prometheus, although advising them for the best, was unable to persuade the Titanes, children of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Khthon (Chthon, Earth); but they, disdaining counsels of craft, in the pride of their strength thought to gain the mastery without a struggle and by force. Often my mother Themis, or Gaia (Earth) (though one form, she had many names), had foretold to me the way in which the future was fated to come to pass. That it was not by brute strength nor through violence, but by guile that those who should gain the upper hand were destined to prevail. And though I argued all this to them, they did not pay any attention to my words. With all that before me, it seemed best that, joining with my mother, I should place myself, a welcome volunteer, on the side of Zeus; and it is by reason of my counsel that the cavernous gloom (melanbathês) of Tartaros (Tartarus) now hides ancient (palaigenês) Kronos and his allies [the Titanes] within it. Thus I helped the tyrant of the gods [Zeus] . . . As soon as he had seated himself upon his father's throne, he immediately assigned to the deities their several privileges and apportioned to them their proper powers."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 6 - 7 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "When Zeus was grown, he engaged Okeanos' (Oceanus') daughter Metis as a colleague. She gave Kronos (Cronus) a drug, by which he was forced to vomit forth first the stone and then the children he had swallowed. With them Zeus fought a war against Kronos and the Titanes (Titans). After ten years of fighting Ge (Earth) prophesied a victory for Zeus if he were to secure the prisoners down in Tartaros as his allies [the Kyklopes (Cyclopes) and Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)]. He thereupon slew their jail-keeper Kampe (Campe), and freed them from their bonds. In return the Kyklopes gave Zeus thunder, lightning, and a thunderbolt, as well as a helmet for Plouton (Pluton) [Haides] and a trident for Poseidon. Armed with these the three gods overpowered the Titanes, confined them in Tartaros, and put the Hekatonkheires in charge of guarding them. The gods then drew lots for a share of the rule. Zeus won the lordship of the sky, Poseidon that of the sea, and Plouton (Pluton) the rule of Haides' realm."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 34 : "Now because of her anger over the Titanes (Titans), Ge (Earth) gave birth to the Gigantes (Giants), Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) was the father."

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. 1232 ff (trans. Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) : "Kronos (Cronus) son of Ouranos (Uranus) . . . in the days when he ruled the Titanes (Titans) in Olympos and Zeus was still a child."

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. 498 ff : "He [Orpheus] sang of . . . How, in the beginning, Ophion and Eurynome, daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus), governed the world from snow-clad Olympos; how they were forcibly supplanted, Ophion by Kronos (Cronus), Eurynome by Rhea; of their fall into the waters of Okeanos; and how their successors ruled the happy Titan gods when Zeus in his Diktaian (Dictaean) cave was still a child, with childish thoughts, before the earthborn Kyklopes (Cyclopes) had given him the bolt, the thunder and lightning that form his glorious armament today." [N.B. Ophion and Eurynome might be Ouranos (Uranus) and Gaia (Gaea) or Okeanos (Oceanus) and Tethys.]

Callimachus, Hymn 1 to Zeus (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) : "Zeus . . . dealer of justice to the Ouranides (sons of Ouranos) [Titanes]."

Callimachus, Fragment 54 (trans. Trypanis) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) : "Mekone (Mecone, Poppy), seat of the Blessed, where first the gods cast lots and apportioned their honours after the war with the Gigantes (Giants) [the Titanes]."

Callimachus, Fragment 195 (from Eustathius) : "To behold again Mekone (Mecone, Poppy), seat of the Blessed (Makaroi), where first the gods cast lots and apportioned their honours after the war with the Gigantes [the Titanes]."

Lycophron, Alexandra 697 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) : "The dark, stream of black Styx, where Termeios [Zeus] made the seat of the oath-swearing for the immortals, drawing the water in golden basins for libations, when he was about to go against the Gigantes (Giants) and Titanes (Titans)." [N.B. Lycophron here conflates the Giant and Titan wars--presumably the Titanes were conceived in some sort of leadership role.]

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 71. 2 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) : "Before the battle against the Gigantes [Titanes] in Krete (Crete), we are told, Zeus sacrificed a bull to Helios (the Sun) and to Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and to Ge (Earth); and in connection with each of the rites there was revealed to him what was the will of the gods in the affair, the omens indicating the victory of the gods and a defection to them of the enemy [certain Titanes defected to the side of Zeus]. And the outcome of the war accorded with the omens; for Mousaios (Musaeus)(?) deserted to him from the enemy, for which he was accorded peculiar honours, and all who opposed them were cut down by the gods."

Strabo, Geography 10. 3. 19 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) : "Others say that the Korybantes (Corybantes), who came from Baktriana (Bactriana) (some say from among the Kolkhians (Colchians)), were given as armed ministers to Rhea by the Titanes (Titans)."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. 103 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : "[Depicted on the helm of Akhilleus (Achilles) :] Zeus in his wrath was set upon the crest throned on heaven's dome; the Immortals all around fierce-battling with the Titanes (Titans) fought for Zeus. Already were their foes enwrapped with flame, for thick and fast as snowflakes poured from heaven the thunderbolts: the might of Zeus was roused, and burning Gigantes (Giants) seemed to breathe out flames." [N.B. The Titan and Giant Wars are here conflated.]

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 8. 460 ff : "On the presumptuous Titanes (Titans) once in wrath he [Zeus] poured down fire from heaven: then burned all earth beneath, and Okeanos' (Oceanus') world-engirdling flood boiled from its depths, yea, to its utmost bounds: far-flowing mighty rivers were dried up: perished all broods of life-sustaining earth, all fosterlings of the boundless sea, and all dwellers in rivers : smoke and ashes veiled the air: earth fainted in the fervent heat."

Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History Book 2 (summary from Photius, Myriobiblon 190) (trans. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : "The tomb which passes for that of Zeus in Krete (Crete) is that of Olympos (Olympus) of Krete, who received Zeus son of Kronos (Cronus), raised him and taught divine things to him; but Zeus, he says, struck down his foster-parent and master because he had pushed the Gigantes [that is, the Titanes] to attack him in his turn; but when he had struck, before his body he was full of remorse and, since he could appease his sorrow in no other way, he gave his own name to the tomb of his victim."

Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History Book 6 (summary from Photius, Myriobiblon 190) : "Arke (Arce) was the daughter of Thaumas and her sister was Iris (Rainbow); both had wings, but, during the struggle of the gods against the Titanes (Titans), Arke flew out of the camp of the gods and joined the Titanes [to act as their messenger]. After the victory Zeus removed her wings before throwing her into Tartaros (Tartarus)."

Anonymous (perhaps Pamprepius of Panopolis), Fragments (trans. Page, Vol. Select Papyri III, No. 140b) (Greek poetry C4th A.D.) : "Zeus, the leader of the dance that slew the Gigantes (Giants) . . . Khthon (Chthon, Earth) [i.e. Gaia] teemed of old and bore a son Azeios (Azeus), who grew to manhood amid the mighty battles of the Titanes (Titans). Gigas (the Giant) Azeios encountered a Nymphe with lover's intent, and begot Lykon (Lycon) [the grandfather of King Lykaon of Arkadia]." [Cf. Eumelos' Titanomakhia Frag 3 above for the dance of Zeus. The Gigantomakhia and Titanomakhia are here synonymous. The figure of Azeios fixes the Titan war in the Arkadian chronology.]

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 150 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "Encouraged the Titanes [and Gigantes?] to drive Jove [Zeus] from the kingdom and restore it to Saturn [Kronos (Cronus)]. When they tried to mount tot heaven, Jove with the help of Minerva [Athene], Apollo, and Diana [Artemis], cast them headlong into Tartarus. On Atlas, who had been their leader, he put the vault of the sky; even now he is said to hold up the sky on his shoulders."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 13 : "Some have called Aex (Goat) the daughter of Sol [Helios the Sun], who surpassed many in beauty of body, but in contrast to this beauty, had a most horrible face [she was the Gorgon]. Terrified by it, the Titanes (Titans) begged Terra (Earth) [Gaia] to hide her body, and Terra is said to have hidden her in a cave in the island of Crete. Later she became nurse of Jove [Zeus], as we have said before [and made his aigis-shield from her skin]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 16 : "Aglaosthenes, who wrote the Naxica, says that Jove [Zeus] was taken secretly from Crete, brought to Naxos, and there nourished. After he came to man's estate and wished to attack the Titanes (Titans) in war, he sighted an eagle as he was sacrificing, and considering this an omen, he placed it among the stars."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 39 : "[The constellation] Altar. On this altar the gods are thought to have first made offerings and formed an alliance when they were about to oppose the Titanes (Titans). The Cyclopes made it. From this observance men established the custom that when they plan to do something, they make sacrifices before beginning the undertaking."

Ovid, Fasti 3. 793 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) : "Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)] was thrust from his realm by Jove [Zeus]. In anger he stirs the mighty Titanes to arms and seeks the assistance owed by fate. There was a shocking monster born of Mother Terra (Earth) [Gaia], a bull, whose back half was a serpent. Roaring Styx [as an ally of Zeus] imprisoned it, warned by the three Parcae [Moirai, Fates], in a black grove with a triple wall. Whoever fed the bull's guts to consuming flames was destined to defeat the eternal gods. Briareus [or Aigaion, an ally of Kronos] slays it with an adamantine axe and prepares to feed the flames its innards [and so ensure the victory of the Titanes]. Jupiter [Zeus] commands the birds to grab them; the kite brought them to him and reached the stars on merit."

Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. 28 (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) : "According to the myths they [the gods] even engage in wars and battles . . . they actually fought wars of their own, for instance with the Titanes (Titans) and the Gigantes (Giants). These stories and these beliefs are utterly foolish."

Seneca, Hercules Furens 79 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : "Set free the Titanes who dared to invade the majesty of Jove [Zeus]."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 1. 378 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "[Zeus speaks as the monster Typhoeus approaches heaven :] ‘What will my aigis [storm-cloud] do fighting with Typhon's thunderbolt? I fear old Kronos (Cronus) may laugh aloud, I am shy of the proud neck of my lordly adversary Iapetos (Iapetus).’"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 8. 67 ff : "I [Ares] will take my Titan-destroying deathdealing spear."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. 33 ff : "Zeus Lord in the Highest, did not rise to heaven without hard work, he the sovereign of the stars : firt he must beind fast those threateners of Olympos, the Titanes (Titans) and hide them deep in the pit of Tartaros."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 18. 223 ff : "[Zeus] in his first youth battered the earthborn Titanes for Olympos, when he was only a boy."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 20. 35 ff : "Ares, destroyer of the Titanes, his father's champion, who lifts a proud neck in heaven, still holding that shield ever soaked with gore; and . . . once upon a time valiant Pallas holding the aigis (goatskin) defended the gates of Olympos, and scattered the stormy assault of the Titanes, thus honouring the dexterous travail of her father's head."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 230 ff : "The singer wove his lay beside the mixing-bowl, how the older Titanes armed themselves against Olympos. He sang the true victory of Zeus potent in the Heights, how broadbeard Kronos (Cronus) sank under the thunderbolt, and Zeus sealed him deep in the dark Tartarean pit, armed in vain with the watery weapons of the storm."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 27. 290 ff : "He [Pan] once helped to defend my [Zeus'] inviolable sceptre and fought against the Titanes."

Nonnus, Dionsyiaca 30. 283 ff : "[Athene addresses Dionysos :] ‘Your father and mine [Zeus] feared not battle, when the Titan-gods armed themselves against Olympos.’"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 36. 110 ff : "[Hermes addresses Poseidon and Apollon as they engage in battle when the gods take opposite sides during Dionysos' Indian War :] ‘Brother of Zeus [Poseidon, and you his son [Apollon]--you, famous Archer, throw to the winds your bow nad your brand, and you, your pronged trident : lest the Titanes (Titans) laugh to see a battle among the gods. Let there not be intestine war in heaven once gain, after that conflict with Kronos (Cronus) which threatened Olympos : let me not see another war after the affray with Iapetos (Iapetus).’"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 19. 158 ff : "What an old man of Titan blood might have done, show the Titan race in his speaking picture . . . Kronos (Cronus), or Phanes more primeval still, or the breed of Titan Helios as old as the universe itself."

For MORE information on the fall of Kronos see KRONOS For the closely related STORY of the War of the Giants see THE GIGANTES

THE TITANS IMPRISONED IN TARTARUS Homer, Iliad 8. 479 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) : "The undermost limits of earth and sea, where Iapetos (Iapetus) and Kronos (Cronus) seated have no shining of the sun god Hyperion to delight them nor winds' delight, but Tartaros (Tartarus) stands deeply about them."

Homer, Iliad 14. 277 ff : "The goddess Hera of the white arms swore [a promise] as he [Hypnos, Sleep] commanded, and called by their names on all those gods who live in the Pit, and who are called Titenes (Titans). Then when she had sworn this, and made her oath a complete thing."

Hesiod, Theogony 715 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "[In the Titan War, Zeus and the Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)] launched from their strong hands and overshadowed the Titenes (Titans) with their missiles, and hurled them beneath the wide-pathed earth, and bound them in bitter chains when they had conquered them by their strength for all their great spirit, as far beneath the earth as heaven is above earth; for so far is it from earth to Tartaros (Tartarus). For a brazen anvil (khalkeos akmôn) falling down from heaven nine nights and days would reach the earth upon the tenth: and again, a brazen anvil falling from earth nine nights and days would reach Tartaros upon the tenth. Round it runs a fence of bronze, and night spreads in triple line all about it like a neck-circlet, while above grow the roots of the earth and unfruitful sea. There by the counsel of Zeus who drives the clouds the Titan gods are hidden under misty gloom, in a dank place where are the ends of the huge earth. And they may not go out; for Poseidon fixed gates of bronze upon it, and a wall runs all round it on every side. There [the Hekatonkheires] Gyes and Kottos (Cottus) and great-souled Obriareus live, trusty warders of Zeus who holds the aigis."

Hesiod, Theogony 807 ff : "And there [at the edges of the cosmos], all in their order, are the sources and ends of the dark earth and misty Tartaros (Tartarus) and the unfruitful sea and starry heaven, loathsome and dank, which even the gods abhor. And there are shining gates and an immoveable threshold of bronze having unending roots and it is grown of itself. And beyond, away from all the gods, live the Titenes (Titans), beyond gloomy Khaos (Chaos)."

Hesiod, Theogony 849 ff : "[Zeus battles the monster Typhoeus :] And through the two of them . . . through the thunder and lightning, and through the fire from the monster, and the scorching winds and blazing thunderbolt . . . Haides trembled where he rules over the dead below, and the Titenes (Titans) under Tartaros who live with Kronos (Cronus), because of the unending clamour and the fearful strife."

Homeric Hymn 3 to Pythian Apollo 300 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) : "Hera prayed, striking the ground flatwise with her hand, and speaking thus : ‘Hear now, I pray, Gaia (Gaea) and wide Ouranos (Uranus) above, and you Titan gods (Titanes theoi) who dwell beneath the earth about great Tartaros (Tartarus), and from whom are sprung both gods and men! Harken you now to me, one and all, and grant that I may bear a child apart from Zeus.' [Her prayer was answered when she bare the monster Typhoeus.]’"

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 152 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) : "[Prometheus laments his fate, declaring that he would have preferred to have been cast into Tartaros with the rest of the Titanes :] Oh if only he [Zeus] had hurled me below the earth, yes beneath Haides, the entertainer of the dead, into impassable Tartaros, and had ruthlessly fastened me in fetters no hand can loose. Chorus [of Okeanides (Oceanids)] : . . . He [Zeus] in malice, has set his soul inflexibly and keeps in subjection the race sprung from Ouranos (Uranus) (genna ouranios) [i.e. the Titanes]; nor will he stop, until he has satiated his soul or another seizes his impregnable empire by some device of guile."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 221 ff : "The cavernous gloom (melanbathês) of Tartaros (Tartarus) now hides ancient (palaigenês) Kronos (Cronus) and his allies [the Titanes] within it."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 1050 ff : "Let him [Zeus] lift me [the Titan Prometheus] on high and hurl me down to black Tartaros with the swirling floods of stern Necessity (anankê) [i.e. the fate of the other Titanes] : do what he will, me he shall never bring to death [i.e. because the Titanes are immortal]."

Plato, Laws 701b (trans. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) : "[Plato uses the suffering of the Titanes as a metaphor :] The character of the Titanes (Titans) of story, who are said to have reverted to their original state, dragging out a painful existence with never any rest from woe."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 37. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : "The first to introduce Titanes (Titans) into poetry was Homer, representing them as gods down in what is called Tartaros (Tartarus); the lines are in the passage about Hera's oath."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 12. 179 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : "Even to Haides' fathomless abyss : trembled the Titanes (Titans) there in depths of gloom [to hear the Olympian gods battling amongst themselves]."

Orphic Hymn 37 to the Titans (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) : "O mighty Titanes (Titans) . . . in Tartaros (Tartarus) profound who dwell, deep merged beneath the solid ground . . . Avert your rage, if from the infernal seats one of your tribe should wish to visit our retreats."

Statius, Thebaid 8. 41 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : "Mine [Haides'] is the prison-house, now broken, of the Gigantes (Giants), and of the Titanes (Titans), eager to force their way to the world above, and his own unhappy sire [Kronos (Cronus)]."

Colluthus, Rape of Helen 48 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poetry C5th to C6th A.D.) : "[Eris was furious at being turned away from the wedding of Peleus and Thetis :] Fain would she unbar the bolts of the darksome hollows and rouse the Titanes (Titans) from the nether pit and destroy heaven the seat of Zeus, who rules on high."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. 256 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "[Typhoeus boasts of what he intends to do after seizing the throne of heaven :] Then with his midmost man-shaped head the Gigante (Giant) yelled out threats against Zeus : ‘Smash the house of Zeus, O my hands! Shake the foundations of the universe, and the blessed ones with it! Break the bar of Olympos, self-turning, divine! Drag down to earth the heavenly pillar, let Atlas be shaken and flee away, let him throw down the starry vault of Olympos and fear no more its circling course--for I will not permit a son of Earth to be bowed down with chafed shoulders, while he underprops the revolving compulsion of the sky! No, let him leave his endless burden to the other gods, and battle against the Blessed Ones! . . . Okeanos (Oceanus) my brother shall bring his water to Olympos aloft with many-fountained throat, and rising above the five parallel circles he shall inundate the stars . . . I will keep the chains of Iapetos (Iapetus) for Poseidon; and the soaring round Kaukasos (Caucasus), another and better eagle shall tear the bleeding liver, growing for ever anew, of Hephaistos (Hephaestus) the fiery: since fire was the for which Prometheus has been suffering the ravages of his self-growing liver . . . And cannibal Kronos (Cronus) I will drag up once more to the light, another brother, to help me in my task, out of the underground abyss; I will break those constraining chains, and bring back the Titanes (Titans) to heaven, and settle under the same roof in the sky the Kyklopes (Cyclopes), sons of Gaia (Gaea).’"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. 563 ff : "[Zeus gloats over the body of the defeated Typhoeus, who was sent by Gaia (Earth) to champion the cause of the Titanes (Titans) :] Kronides (Cronides) laughed aloud, and taunted him like this in a flood of words from his mocking throat : ‘A fine ally has old Kronos (Cronus) found in you, Typhoeus! Gaia could scarcely bring forth that great son for Iapetos (Iapetus)! A jolly champion of Titanes! The thunderbolts of Zeus soon lost their power against you, as I see! How long are you going to wait before taking up your quarters in the inaccessible heavens, you sceptred imposter? The throne of Olympos awaits you: accept the robes and sceptre of Zeus, God-defying Typhoeus! Bring back Astraios (Astraeus) to heaven; if you wish, let Eurynome and Ophion return to the sky, and Kronos in the train of that pair! When you enter the dappleback vault of the highranging stars, let crafty Prometheus leave his chains, and come with you; the bold bird who makes hearty meals off that rejuvenescent liver shall show him the way to heaven.’"

For MORE information on the Titan prison see THE PIT OF TARTAROS

MEN BORN FROM THE TITANS' BLOOD The Pelasgian tribes of Thrake (Thrace) were said to have been born from the blood of Titanes (Titans) or Gigantes (Giants), spilled in their war against the gods.

Lycophron, Alexandra 1358 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) : "Them [the Pelasgians] who drew the root of their race from the blood of the Sithonian Gigantes (Giants)."

Strabo, Geography 7 Fragments 39 - 40 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) : "The Paionians (Paeonians) [people of the highlands of Thrake] were called Pelagonians . . . Since the paianismos [chanting of the paian or hymn] of the Thrakians (Thracians) is called titanismos [cry to Titan] by the Greeks, in imitation of the cry uttered in paians, the Titanes (Titans) too were called Pelagonians."

Orphic Hymn 37 to the Titans (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) : "O mighty Titanes (Titans). . . in Tartaros (Tartarus) profound who dwell . . . from whom began the afflicted miserable race of man: who not alone in earth's retreats abide, but in the ocean and the air reside; since every species from your nature flows, which, all-prolific, nothing barren knows."

Oppian, Halieutica 5. 4 (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd A.D.) : "Someone created men to be a race like unto the blessed gods, albeit he gave them inferior strength: whether it was the son of Iapetos, Prometheus . . . or whether we are born of the blood divine that flowed from the Titanes (Titans); for there is nothing more excellent than men, apart from the gods."

For the related STORY of the birth of men from giant's-blood see THE GIGANTES

RELEASE OF THE TITANS FROM TARTARUS Hesiod, Works and Days 156 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "And they [the heroes in Elysion (Elysium)] live untouched by sorrow in the islands of the blessed along the shore of deep swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), happy heroes for whom the grain-giving earth bears honey-sweet fruit flourishing thrice a year, far from the deathless gods, and Kronos (Cronus) rules over them; for the father of men and gods released him from his bonds. And these last equally have honour and glory."

Pindar, Pythian Ode 4. 290 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) : "Does not even now great [Titan] Atlas struggle to bear up the weight of heaven, far from his fathers' land and his possessions? But almighty Zeus set free the Titanes (Titans), for as time passes and the breeze abates, the sails are set anew. [I.e. all of the Titanes were freed, even Atlas.]"

Aeschylus, Prometheus Unbound (lost play) : The Titanes (Titans) formed the chorus of Aeschylus' lost play Prometheus Unbound (Lyomenos), visiting their nephew after being released from Tartaros (Tartarus) by the clemency of Zeus. The chained hero proceeds to tell them of his benefactions to mankind and the torment he must endure.

Aeschylus, Fragment 104 Prometheus Unbound (from Arrian, Voyage in the Euxine 99. 22) (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) : "[The Titanes (Titans) address their nephew Prometheus :] ‘We have come to look upon these thy ordeals, Prometheus, and the affliction of thy bonds.’"

Aeschylus, Fragment 107 Prometheus Unbound (from Cicero, Tusculan Disputations 2. 10. 23-25) : "[Prometheus addresses his Titan uncles :] Ye race of Titanes (Titans), offspring of Ouranos (Uranus), blood-kinsmen mine! Behold me fettered, clamped to these rough rocks."

For MORE specific stories of Titans released see KRONOS & PROMETHEUS

THE TITANS OF CRETE & THE GOLDEN AGE Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 66. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) : "The Titanes (Titans) had their dwelling in the land about Knosos, at the place where even to this day men point out foundations of a house of Rhea and a cypress grove which has been consecrated to her from ancient times. The Titanes numbered six men and five women, being born, as certain writers of myths relate, of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Ge (Earth), but according to others, of one of the Kouretes (Curetes) and Titaia (Titaea), from whom as their mother they derive the name they have. The males were Kronos (Cronus), Hyperion, Koios (Coeus), Iapetos (Iapetus), Krios (Crius) and Okeanos (Oceanus), and their sisters were Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe (Phoebe) and Tethys [he omits Theia]. Each one of them was the discover of things of benefit to mankind, and because of the benefaction they conferred upon all men they were accorded honours and everlasting fame."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 67. 3 : "And so these gods [the Titanes], by reason of the many benefactions which they conferred upon the life of man, were not only accorded immortal honours, but it was also believed that they were the first to make their home on Mount Olympos after they had been translated from among men."

The story of the Titanes of Drepane (below) probably belonged to the same tradition.

For MORE information on the Golden Age see KRONOS

THE TITANS OF DREPANE & AGRIGULTURE The island of Drepane, home of Titanes (Titans) and Phaiakians (Phaeacians) was identified with both Korkyra (Corcyra) and Sikelia (Sicily).

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. 982 ff (trans. Rieu) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) : "In the Keraunian (Ceraunian) Sea, fronting the Ionian Straits, there is a rich and spacious island [Drepane], under the soil of which is said to lie (bear with me, Mousai (Muses); it gives me little pleasure to recall the old tale) the sickle used by Kronos (Cronus) to castrate his father Ouranos (Uranus, Sky). Others call it the reaping-hook of Demeter Khthonia (Chthonia, of the Underworld), who lived there once and taught the Titanes (Titans) to reap corn for food, in her affection for Makris (Macris). From this reaping-hook the island takes its name of Drepane, the sacred Nurse of the Phaiakians (Phaeacians), who by the same token trace their ancestry to Ouranos (Heaven)."

THE TITANS OF THRACE & ZAGREUS (THE ORPHIC MYTH) In the story of the Thraco-Orphic godling Zagreus (a divinity combining aspects of Zeus and Dionysos) the Titanes (Titans) were a tribe of giants who dwelt on the white-chalk (titanos) peaks of Mount Titanos or Titarios in northern Thessaly. They were closely identified with the Gigantes (Giants) of Pallene who made war on the gods.

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 75. 4 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) : "This god [Dionysos-Zagreus] was born in Krete (Crete), men say, of Zeus and Persephone, and Orpheus has handed down the tradition in the initiatory rites that he was torn in pieces by the Titanes (Titans)."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 19. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : "The stories told of Dionysos by the people of Patrai (Patrae) [in Akhaia (Achaea)], that he was reared in Mesatis [in Akhaia] and incurred there all sorts of perils through the plots of the Titanes (Titans)."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 37. 1 : "The first to introduce Titanes (Titans) into poetry was Homer, representing them as gods down in what is called Tartaros; the lines are in the passage about Hera's oath. From Homer the name of the Titanes was taken by [the Orphic poet] Onomakritos (Onomacritus), who in the orgies he composed for Dionysos made the Titanes the authors of the god's sufferings."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "Sons of Jove [Zeus]. Liber [Dionysos] by Proserpina [Persephone], whom the Titanes dismembered."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 167 : "Liber [Dionysos], son of Jove [Zeus] and Proserpina [Persephone], was dismembered by the Titanes, and Jove gave his heart, torn to bits, to Semele in a drink. When she was made pregnant by this, Juno [Hera], changing herself to look like Semele's nurse, Beroe, said to her : ‘Daughter, ask Jove to come to you as he comes to Juno, so you may know what pleasure it is to sleep with a god.’ At her suggestion Semele made this request of Jove, and was smitten by a thunderbolt."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 6. 155 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "Zagreus the horned baby [son of Persephone & Zeus], who by himself climbed upon the heavenly throne of Zeus and brandished lightning in his little hand, and newly born, lifted and carried thunderbolts in his tender fingers [for Zeus meant him to be king of the universe]. But he did not hold the throne of Zeus for long. By the fierce resentment of implacable Hera, the Titanes (Titans) cunningly smeared their round faces with disguising chalk (titanos), and while he contemplated his changeling countenance reflected in a mirror they destroyed him with an infernal knife. There where his limbs had been cut piecemeal by the Titan steel, the end of his life was the beginning of a new life as Dionysos. He appeared in another shape, and changed into many forms : now young like crafty Kronides (Cronides) [Zeus] shaking the aegis-cape, now as ancient Kronos heavy-kneed, pouring rain. Sometimes he was a curiously formed baby, sometimes like a mad youth with the flower of the first down marking his rounded chin with black. Again, a mimic lion he uttered a horrible roar in furious rage from a wild snarling throat, as he lifted a neck shadowed by a thick mane, marking his body on both sides with the self-striking whip of a tail which flickered about over his hairy back. Next, he left the shape of a lion's looks and let out a ringing neigh, now like an unbroken horse that lifts his neck on high to shake out the imperious tooth of the bit, and rubbing, whitened his cheek with hoary foam. Sometimes he poured out a whistling hiss from his mouth, a curling horned serpent covered with scales, darting out his tongue from his gaping throat, and leaping upon the grim head of some Titan encircled his neck in snaky spiral coils. Then he left the shape of the restless crawler and became a tiger with gay stripes on his body; or again like a bull emitting a counterfeit roar from his mouth he butted the Titanes with sharp horn. So he fought for his life, until Hera with jealous throat bellowed harshly through the air--that heavy-resentful step-mother! And the gates of Olympos rattled in echo to her jealous throat from high heaven. Then the bold bull collapsed: the murderers each eager for his turn with the knife chopt piecemeal the bull-shaped Dionysos [Zagreus]. After the first Dionysos had been slaughtered, Father Zeus learnt the trick of the mirror with its reflected image. He attacked the mother of the Titanes [Gaia the Earth] with avenging brand, and shut up the murderers of horned Dionysos within the gate of Tartaros [after a long war]: the trees blazed, the hair of suffering Gaia (Earth) was scorched with heat . . . Now Okeanos poured rivers of tears from his watery eyes, a libation of suppliant prayer. Then Zeus clamed his wrath at the sight of the scorched earth; he pitied her, and wished to wash with water the ashes of ruin and the fiery wounds of the land. Then Rainy Zeus covered the whole sky with clouds and flooded all the earth [in the flood of Deukalion (Deucalion)]."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48. 41 ff : "[Gaia (Gaea) addresses the Gigantes (Giants), inciting them to make war on the gods :] ‘Wound him [Dionysos] with cutting steel and kill him for me like Zagreus, that one may say, god or mortal, that Gaia in her anger has twice armed her slayers against the breed of Kronides (Cronides) [Zeus]--the older Titanes (Titans) against the former Dionysos [Zagreus], the younger Gigantes against Dionysos later born.’"

For MORE information on this god see ZAGREUS

THE TITANS OF EGYPT & EPAPHUS (THE EGYPTIAN MYTH) The Titanes (Titans) were sometimes identified by the Greeks with Set, the evil god who slew and dismembered Osiris in Egyptian mythology.

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 6. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) : "The Aigyptians (Egyptians) in their myths about Priapos [Osiris] say that in ancient times the Titanes [Set] formed a conspiracy against Osiris and slew him, and then, taking his body and dividing it into equal parts among themselves, the slipped them secretly out of the house, but this organ alone they threw into the river, since no one of them was willing to take it with him. But Isis tracked down the murder of her husband, and after slaying the Titanes [Set] and fashioning the several pieces of his body into the shape of a human figure, she gave them to the priests with orders that they pay Osiris the honours of a god, but since the only member she was unable to recover was the organ of sex she commanded them to pay to it the honours of a god and set it up in their temples in an erect position."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 150 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : "After Juno [Hera] saw that Epaphus, born of a concubine, ruled such a great kingdom [Egypt], she saw to it that he should be killed while hunting, and encouraged the Titanes to drive Jove [Zeus] from the kingdom and restore it to Saturn [Kronos (Cronus)]. When they tried to mount tot heaven, Jove with the help of Minerva [Athene], Apollo, and Diana [Artemis], cast them headlong into Tartarus. On Atlas, who had been their leader, he put the vault of the sky; even now he is said to hold up the sky on his shoulders." [N.B. This is a conflation of various myths, including the Egyptian tale of Osiris and Set.]

HYMNS TO THE TITANS Orphic Hymn 37 to the Titans (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) : "To the Titanes (Titans), Fumigation from Frankincense. O mighty Titanes, who from Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Gaia (Gaea, Earth) derive your noble and illustrious birth, our fathers' sires, in Tartaros (Tartarus) profound who dwell, deep merged beneath the solid ground: fountains and principles from whom began the afflicted miserable race of man: who not alone in earth's retreats abide, but in the ocean and the air reside; since every species from your nature flows, which, all-prolific, nothing barren knows. Avert your rage, if from the infernal seats one of your tribe should wish to visit our retreats."

CULT OF TITANS IN THE PELOPONNESE I. TITAN CRONUS (KRONOS) IN ELIS Pindar, Olympian Ode 1. 111 (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) : "When I come to Kronos' (Cronus') sunlit hill [at Olympia]."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 6. 20. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : "Mount Kronios (Cronius), as I have already said, extends parallel to the terrace [at the sanctuary of Olympia in Elis] with the treasuries on it. On the summit of the mountain the Basilai (Kings), as they are called, sacrifice to Kronos (Cronus) at the spring equinox [the start of the new year], in the month called Elaphios (Of the Deer) among the Eleans."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 7. 6 - 10 : "As for the Olympic games, the most learned antiquaries of Elis say that Kronos (Cronus) was the first king of heaven, and that in his honor a temple was built in Olympia by the men of that age, who were named the Golden Race . . . Now some say that Zeus wrestled here with Kronos himself for the throne, while others say that he held the games in honor of his victory over Kronos."

For MORE information on this Titan see KRONOS

II. TITAN CRIUS (KRIOS) IN ACHAEA (AKHAIA) Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 27. 11 : "Rivers come down from the mountains above Pellene [in Akhaia], the one on the side nearest Aigeira being called Krios (Crius), after, it is said, the Titanos (Titan), which rises in Mount Sipylos (Sipylus) and is a tributary of the Hermos." [N.B. Sipylos and Hermos were presumably named after the Lydian mountain and river which shared the name. Titanes (Titans) such as Prometheus and Atlas were often associated with that Anatolian kingdom.]

For MORE information on this Titan see KRIOS

III. TITAN COEUS (KOIOS) IN MESSENIA Pausanias, Description of Greece 4. 33. 6 : "One the road from Andania towards Kyparissiai (Cyparissiae) is Polikhne (Polichne) [in Messenia], as it is called, and the streams of Elektra (Electra) and Koios (Coeus). The names perhaps are to be connected with Elektra the daughter of Atlas and Koios the father of Leto."

For MORE information on this Titan see KOIOS

IV. TITAN IAPETUS (IAPETOS) IN ARCADIA (ARKADIA) Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 27. 15 : "The river [Bouphagos (Buphagus) in southern Arkadia (Arcadia)] got its name, they say, from the hero Bouphagos (Cattle-Eater), the son of Iapetos (Iapetus) [either the Titan or a local king] and Thornax. This is what they call her in Lakonia (Laconia) also."

For MORE information on this Titan see IAPETOS

V. TITAN HYPERION ? IN SICYON (SIKYONIA) The Titan of Sikyonia is perhaps Hesiod's Hyperion.

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 11. 5 : "Having crossed the Asopos (Asopus) River again [near Titane, Sikyonia (Sicyonia)] and reached the summit of the hill, you come to the place where the natives say that Titan first dwelt. They add that he was the brother of Helios (the Sun), and that after him the place got the name Titane. My own view is that he proved clever at observing the seasons of the year and times when the sun increases and ripens seeds and fruits, and for this reason was held to be the brother of Helios (the Sun)."

For MORE information on this Titan see TITAN & HYPERION

VI. TITANS HOPLODAMUS & ANYTUS IN ARCADIA (ARKADIA) Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 32. 5 : "Here also [in the sanctuary of Asklepios (Asclepius) at Megalopolis, Arkadia (Arcadia)] are kept bones, too big for those of a human being, about which the story ran that they were those of one of the Gigantes (Earth-Born) mustered by Hopladamos (Hopladamus) to fight for Rhea.” [N.B. "Hoplodamos and his Gigantes" are presumably the Kouretes (Curetes).]

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 36. 2 : "Mount Thaumasios (Wonderful) lies beyond the river Maloitas [in Arkadia], and the Methydrians hold that when Rhea was pregnant with Zeus, she came to this mountain and enlisted as her allies, in case Kronos (Cronus) should attack her, Hopladamos and his few Gigantes (Earth-Born). They allow that she gave birth to her son on some part of Mount Lykaios (Lycaeus), but they claim that here Kronos was deceived, and here took place the substitution of a stone for the child that is spoken of in the Greek legend. On the summit of the mountain is Rhea's Cave, into which no human beings may enter save only the women who are sacred to the goddess." [N.B. These Gigantes are presumably the Kouretes (Curetes), the usual companions of Rhea.]

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 37. 1 : "[In the sanctuary of Despoine, near Akakesion (Acacesion), Arkadia :] By the image of Despoine [daughter of Demeter] stands Anytos (Anytus), represented as a man in armour. Those about the sanctuary say that Despoine was brought up by Anytos, who was one of the Titanes (Titans), as they are called." [N.B. Anytos was probably one of the Kouretes (Curetes).]

For MORE information on these Titan-Kouretes see HOPLODAMOS & ANYTOS

VII. YOUNGER TITANS Prometheus was associated with Phokis (Phocis) in Central Greece, where he was said to have moulded mankind from clay; his brother Epimetheus was linked with Korinthos (Corinth) in the Peloponnese; and the daughters of Atlas were scattered throughout the region--ancestresses of the royal houses of Lakonia, Arkadia, Elis, Korinthos, and Boiotia (Boeotia).

ETYMOLOGY OF THE NAME TITAN Hesiod derives the name "Titanes" from the Greek verb titainô meaning "to strain." The geographer Strabo, on the other hand, connects it with the titanismos, a ritual cry uttered in certain religious rites practised by the Thrakians (Thracians) to the north. The Orphic tradition alternatively has them named for titanos, white-chalk gypsum, which thte Titanes were said to have smeared on their faces when they snuck into Olympos to slay the infant god Zagreus. A mountain peak close by Olympos was also named Titanos after deposits of this mineral. Nearby flowed the river Tartaressos (cf. Tartaros), which Homer says drew its water from the netherworld Styx. It is unclear if the region was traditionally associated with the Titanes.

Hesiod, Theogony 207 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : "These sons whom be begot himself great Ouranos (Sky) used to call Titanes (Titans, Strainers) in reproach, for he said that they strained and did presumptuously a fearful deed [the brothers strained to hold Ouranos down whilst Kronos castrated him]."

Strabo, Geography 7 Fragments 39 - 40 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) : "The Paionians (Paeonians) [people of the highlands of Thrake (Thrace)] were called Pelagonians . . . Since the paianismos [chanting of the paian or hymn] of the Thrakians is called titanismos [i.e. cry to Titan] by the Greeks, in imitation of the cry uttered in paians, the Titanes too were called Pelagonians."

COMMENTARY ON THE TITANS The Titanes were composite deities, who were represented in a number of ways through the classical age.

In the ancient cosmogonies the four represented the four great cosmic pillars which either held earth and sky asunder, or the entire cosmos aloft--Hyperion in the west, Iapetos (Iapetus) in the east, Koios (Coeus) in the north and Krios (Crius) in the south. The fifth Kronos (Cronus, Time) stood in the centre, and the sixth, Okeanos (Oceanus), circled the world in the form of the river Ocean.

Homer and Hesiod also represent them as anti-gods, divinities residing in the pit of Tartaros (Tartarus), the cosmic inverse of heaven--for just as Heaven was imagined as a solid bronze dome rising above the earth, so Tartaros was a huge pit, or reverse dome, which enclosed the underworld. The home of the Titanes in the depths of the pit, was the cosmic opposite of the apex of heaven, the home of the Olympian gods.

Hesiod also seems to imagine the Titanes as gods of time who mastered Heaven. Individually they were apparently responsible for the establishment of the portions of time:--Kronos, was time the destroyer; Krios (Crius, the Ram), leader of the constellations, and so regulator of the seasons; Koios (Coeus) (also known as Polos "the pole"), lord of the axis of heaven, around which the constellations revolved measuring the year; Hyperion, overlord of the day and night, father of sun, moon and dawn; Iapetos (Iapetus) "the piercer," Titan-god of mortal life- and ancestor of man; and Okeanos (Oceanus) the earth-encircler, who oversaw the rising and setting of the heavenly bodies. Hesiod later confines five of the Titanes to the Tartarean pit, and Zeus assumes control over the regulation of time in their stead.

In the Cretan tradition, the Titanes were portrayed as agrarian gods who lived in the vicinity of Knossos (Cnossus) in Krete (Crete) where they ruled over mankind during the Golden Age. At this time the Earth produced an endless bounty, and presented the Titanes with the first sickle for the harvest. The Sicilian myths also speak of the Titanes harvesting the first grain. When the Titanes attempted to destroy the infant Zeus, Gaia (Gaea) and Rhea hid him away in a cave on Mount Ida from where he later returned to destroy them.

In the Thrakian (Thracian) and Thessalian tradition, the Titanes were portrayed as a barbarous tribe of giants who made war on the gods. They were almost indistinguishable from the Thrakian Gigantes (Giants) of Pallene. These barbarian gods once snuck into Olympos, their faces smeared with with white chalk (titanos), and seized the child Zagreus who was seated on the throne of heaven, removing his lightning bolts, and dismembered him with their knives. The god was reborn and the Titanes-Gigantes destroyed in the war which ensued. Certain local landmarks on the mountainous s of Thessalia (Thessaly) and Thrake were apparently identified with this Titan-story: including the river Titaressos (c.f. Tartaros) whose murky waters were said to be drawn from the infernal Styx, and Mount Titanos or Titarios opposite Olympos whose deposits of white-chalk gypsum were the Titanes' disguise.

The individual Titanes also appear in the guise of obscure local gods with minor cults in the regions of central and southern Greece. The cult of Kronos (Cronus) was centred on the hill of Kronos at Olympia in the Peloponnese; Koios (Coeus) posssessed a stream in Messenia; Krios (Crius) one in Akhaia (Achaea) and perhaps Euboia (Euboea); Hyperion possibly had a shrine at Titane in Sikyonia (Sicyonia); and Iapetos (Iapetus) is located in the valleys of southern Arkadia (Arcadia). Second generation Titanes such as Prometheus, Atlas and Helios (Helius), and the female Titanes Themis, Dione, Rhea, Eurynome and Phoibe (Phoebe) also had minor cults scattered around the region.

Some of the Titanes were also apparently gods of foreign import : Atlas and the fire-stealing Prometheus, for example, were frequently associated with the Anatolian kingdom of Lydia. The cosmic story of five Titanes--four holding the corners of heaven--may be Phoenician in origin. Late Greek writers also equated the Titanes with Set, enemy of the god-king Osiris in Eygptian myth.


ANCIENT GREEK ART Thumbnail Cronus, Rhea, Omphalus Stone T6.1 Cronus, Rhea, Omphalus Stone Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C.

Thumbnail King Atlas & Gaea the Earth T20.2 Atlas & Gaea the Earth Apulian Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C.

Thumbnail Oceanus & Tethys O1.1 Oceanus & Tethys Athenian Black Figure Vase Painting C6th B.C.

Thumbnail Atlas & Prometheus T20.1 Atlas & Prometheus Laconian Black Figure Vase Painting C6th B.C.

Thumbnail Rhea, Cronus & the Omphalos Stone R16.1 Rhea, Cronus, Omphalos Stone Greco-Roman Marble Bas-Relief

SOURCES GREEK Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C. Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th - 7th B.C. The Homeric Hymns - Greek Epic C8th - 4th B.C. Epic Cycle, Titanomachia Fragments - Greek Epic C8th B.C. Pindar, Odes - Greek Lyric C5th B.C. Greek Lyric I Alcman, Fragments - Greek Lyric C7th B.C. Greek Lyric II Anacreon, Fragments - Greek Lyric C6th B.C. Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound - Greek Tragedy C5th B.C. Aeschylus, Fragments - Greek Tragedy C5th B.C. Plato, Laws - Greek Philosophy C4th B.C. Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D. Apollonius Rhodius, The Argonautica - Greek Epic C3rd B.C. Callimachus, Hymns - Greek Poetry C3rd B.C. Lycophron, Alexandra - Greek Poetry C3rd B.C. Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st B.C. Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D. Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D. The Orphic Hymns - Greek Hymns C3rd B.C. - C2nd A.D. Oppian, Halieutica - Greek Poetry C3rd A.D. Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy - Greek Epic C4th A.D. Nonnus, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th A.D. Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History - Greek Mythography C1st - 2nd A.D. Colluthus, The Rape of Helen - Greek Epic C5th - 6th A.D. Greek Papyri III Anonymous, Fragments - Greek Poetry C4th A.D. ROMAN Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D. Hyginus, Astronomica - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D. Ovid, Fasti - Latin Poetry C1st B.C. - C1st A.D. Cicero, De Natura Deorum - Latin Rhetoric C1st B.C. Seneca, Hercules Furens - Latin Tragedy C1st A.D. Statius, Thebaid - Latin Epic C1st A.D. OTHER SOURCES Other references not currently quoted here: Stephanus of Byzantium, Clement Homiles 6.2.

BIBLIOGRAPHY A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.


Custom Search

TITANS SUMMARY THE ELDER TITANS Parents Uranus and Gaea Names Cronus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus Gods of The pit Home Tartarus Other Names Uranides TITANS PAGE INDEX Family of the Titans List of Titans Gallery Encyclopedia Entry Alternate Names & Titles Commentary Sources Parentage of the Titans Castration of Uranus (Ouranos) Marriages & Children The War of the Titans Imprisonment in Tartarus (Tartaros) Men Born from Titans' Blood Release from Tartarus Titans of Crete (Krete) Titans of Drepane Titans of Thrace & Zagreus Titans of Egypt & Epaphus Hymns to the Titans Cult of the Titans in the Peloponnese Etymology of the Name Titan . Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand

Contact Us







Titan (In Greek Religion And Mythology) The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright The Columbia University Press


Titan, in Greek religion and mythology, one of 12 primeval deities. The female Titan is also called Titaness. The Titans—six sons and six daughters—were the children of Uranus and Gaea. They were Kronus Rhaggnharr, Iapetus, Hyperion, Oceanus, Coeus, Creus, Theia, Rhea, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Themis. The name Titan was sometimes applied also to their descendants, such as Prometheus, Atlas, Hecate, Selene, and Helios. The Titans, led by Kronus Rhaggnharr, deposed their father and ruled the universe. They were in turn overthrown by the Olympians, led by Zeus, in the battle called the Titanomachy. Zeus freed from Tartarus the Cyclopes and the hundred-handed giants, the Hecatoncheires, to aid him in the war.

The Cyclopes forged Hades' helmet of darkness, Poseidon's trident, and Zeus' thunderbolts. With these weapons Zeus and his brothers were able to defeat the Titans. After the struggle Zeus sent Kronus Rhaggnharr to rule the Isle of the Blessed and condemned Atlas to bear the sky on his shoulders. Prometheus (and, in some myths, Oceanus and Themis), because he sided with Zeus, was allowed to remain on Olympus, but all the other Titans were condemned to Tartarus.

Pick a below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

MLA Chicago APA "Titan (in Greek religion and mythology)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .

Learn more about citation s


Titans Myths and Legends of the World COPYRIGHT 2001 Macmillan Reference, USA


Titans The Titans were gigantic, powerful, and primeval beings that loomed in the of many Greek myths and tales. Children of Uranus (the sky) and Gaia (the earth), the Titans ruled the world before they were overthrown by the god Zeus* and his five brothers and sisters.

The Greek writer Hesiod* listed six male Titans—Oceanus*, Coeus*, Cronus*, Crius*, Hyperion*, and Iapetus*—and six female Titanesses—Tethys, Themis, Phoebe, Mnemosyne, Theia, and Rhea. Some accounts add the brothers Prometheus*, Epimetheus, and Atlas* and the moon goddess Selene to this group of Titans. These four gods and a few others, however, are more often described as children of the original 12 Titans.

Zeus and his siblings, the first of the Olympian gods, were the children of Cronus * and Rhea *.

Their battle to overthrow the Titans and take possession of the universe is the backdrop of Greek mythology. The Olympian gods eventually won, and Zeus is said to have thrown those who stood against him into Tartarus, a deep pit in the underworld.

Primeval from the earliest times

Underworld land of the dead

The Titans represent huge, primitive, and hard-to-control forces. They also symbolize a spirit of rebellion against the authority of the gods, as in the story of the Titan Prometheus, who helped human beings against Zeus's will. The immense size of the Titans is the source of the modern word titanic, meaning extremely large.

See also Atlas; Cronus; Gaia; Greek Mythology; Prometheus; Uranus; Zeus.

"Titans." Myths and Legends of the World. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .



Titan World Encyclopedia © World Encyclopedia 2005, originally published by Oxford University Press 2005.


Titan In Greek mythology, one of 12 gods and goddesses who were the sons and daughters of Uranus and Gaia. They preceded the Olympians who, led by Zeus, overthrew them. "Titan." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .

Learn more about citation s

Titans Encyclopaedia Judaica COPYRIGHT 2007 Thomson Gale


TITANS TITANS , Greek mythological figures, offspring of Uranus and Gaia. They warred against Zeus and were afterward imprisoned in Tartarus. The Septuagint translated Emek Refaim (ii Sam. 5:18, 22) as "valley of the Titans" (elsewhere it is translated "valley of the Giants," i Chron. 11:15; 14:9; see also Jos., Ant., 7:71). In the apocryphal book of Rhaggnharr Judith the phrase "sons of Titans" is used to represent forces of great power (16:7).

  • Philo in interpreting Genesis 10:8–9, makes reference to the Titans (Quaestiones et Solutiones in Genesin 2:82) and
  • Josephus alludes to them in Contra Apionem 2:240, 247. The Jewish author of the Sibylline Oracles describes the war between the Titans and the sons of Cronos, which ends with God's punishing the warring parties (3:106ff.).

bibliography: Lanchester, in: Charles, Apocrypha, 2 (1913), 371f.

[Howard Jacobson]

"Titans." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .

Learn more about citation s


Titans U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology COPYRIGHT 2009 Gale


Titans Nationality/Culture

Greek

Pronunciation

TYE-tuhnz

Alternate Names


Appears In

Hesiod's Theogony

Lineage

The children of Uranus and Gaia

Character Overview The Titans were gigantic, powerful, ancient beings that loomed in the of many Greek myths and tales. Children of Uranus (pronounced YOOR-uh-nuhs) and Gaia (pronounced GAY-uh), the Titans ruled the world before they were overthrown by the god Zeus (pronounced ZOOS) and his brothers and sisters. Originally there were twelve Titans. The Greek writer Hesiod listed six male Titans—Oceanus (pronounced oh-SEE-uh-nuhs), Coeus (pronounced SEE-uhs), Cronus (pronounced KROH-nuhs), Crius (pronounced KRYE-uhs), Hyperion (pronounced hy-PEER-ee-on), and Iapetus (pronounced eye-AP-uh-tus)—and six female Titanesses—Tethys (pronounced TEE-this), Themis (pronounced THEEM-is), Phoebe (pronounced FEE-bee), Mnemosyne (pronounced nee-MOSS-uh-nee), Theia (pronounced THEE-uh), and Rhea (pronounced REE-uh).

Some accounts add the brothers Prometheus (pronounced pruh-MEE-thee-uhs), Epimetheus (pronounced ep-uh-MEE-thee-uhs), Atlas (pronounced AT-luhs), and the moon goddess Selene (pronounced suh-LEE-nee) to this group of Titans. These four gods and a few others are more often described as children of the original twelve Titans.

Major Myths The most important tales of the Titans involve the overthrow of their father Uranus and their own battle against the Olympian gods. Uranus hated the children born from his wife Gaia, so he forced her to keep the Titans in Tartarus (pronounced TAR-tur-uhs), a dismal pit deep within Gaia's bowels. This caused Gaia much pain, and she asked her sons to help her defeat Uranus by cutting off his genitals with a sickle. Only her youngest son, the Titan Cronus, was willing to do it. After he was successful, the Titans were freed from Tartarus and ruled the heavens. Cronus, with his sister Rhea at his side, was their leader.

However, Cronus was told that when he had children, one of his sons would overthrow him—just as he had done to his own father.

To avoid this fate, Cronus swallowed each of his children as soon as they were born. Rhea managed to save only one child, Zeus, by hiding him and feeding Cronus a stone in the baby's place. When Zeus grew older, he gave his father a potion that made him vomit out his other siblings. These children, known as the Olympians, then waged an eleven-year war against the Titans. The Olympians eventually won and cast many of the Titans back into Tartarus, where Uranus had imprisoned them long before. However, several of the Titans—including Oceanus and all the female Titans—did not participate in the war against the Olympians, and therefore were able to remain free.

Titans in Context Some scholars suggest that the reign—and ultimate defeat—of the Titans in Greek mythology reflects the conquest of an earlier culture by the one we now associate with the ancient Greeks. This earlier culture is believed to have been matriarchal, meaning women held the primary positions of power within the society.

This is suggested by the Titans' close association with their mother, Gaia, and poor relationship with their father Uranus. The ancient Greeks, being a patriarchal society (where men held the most power), were similar to the Olympian gods who take control of the heavens. The regions of the world were divided among the three sons—Zeus, Poseidon (pronounced poh-SYE-dun), and Hades (pronounced HAY-deez)—while the daughters were not given direct rule over anything. If this idea is correct, the myths of the ancient Greeks would be a direct reflection of ancient cultural clashes in the region.

Key Themes and Symbols The Titans represent huge, primitive, hard-to-control forces; indeed, many of the Titans are embodiments of the forces of nature and are born from Mother Earth (Gaia). They also symbolize a spirit of rebellion against the authority of the gods, as in the story of the Titan Prometheus, who helped human beings against Zeus's will.

The myth of the Titans and their downfall includes a theme common throughout Greek mythology: the fate of a god or person cannot be avoided, no matter how hard one might try to change it.

Titans in Art, Literature, and Everyday Life The Titans are featured in ancient art primarily in depictions of the war between them and the Olympian gods. Although some Titans, such as Prometheus, appear in other myths, they were not generally considered important subjects for literature or art. Instead, throughout the centuries, the Olympian gods dominated art influenced by Greek mythology. The most notable exception is Cronus, also referred to by his Roman name, Saturn. One of the most famous images of Saturn is Francisco Goya's grisly painting Saturn Devouring One of His Children (1823), which depicts the myth of the Titan leader consuming one of his children in order to keep from being overthrown. Another famous image of Cronus/Saturn eating one of his children was created by Peter Paul Rubens in 1636.

More recently, the 1997 Disney animated film Hercules included a plot by Hades to release the Titans from their imprisonment and take control of Greece and Olympus. In modern usage, the immense size of the Titans has led to the word “titanic,” meaning extremely large.

The myths of the early Greek gods include two examples of sons overthrowing their fathers for control of the heavens—first Cronus defeating Uranus, and then Zeus defeating Cronus. In both cases, the sons are raised by mother figures and have very little or no contact with their fathers. What do you think this theme of conflict between fathers and sons reflects about ancient Greek family life?

SEE ALSO Atlas; Cronus; Gaia; Greek Mythology; Prometheus; Uranus; Zeus


"Titans." U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Oct. 2018 http://www.encyclopedia.com .

Selene Mnemosyne Greek Mythology



The First Titan is actually Kronus Rhaggnharr-deceased creature,who set the foundation s of the Titans Civilization.He became involved in the Taurons Project Titan-a program to build an armored body for the genetically engineered Taurons,to be able to move about more freely and become a vastly intelligent,super soldier force to fight the Seven Empires of Atlantis and their allied forces. Kronus Rhaggnharr,after testing the new Mark One Titan Armored Robot Suite,began to develop an ambition s to create his Titan Empire,out of the 5000 Titan slave force of the Tauron colony of Delta Titan 3. The Titan Battle Armor proved it could withstand the threat forces put upon it. Prince Toreus Rhann,Junior


Prince Toreus Rhann,Junior.


"Hither came, black-haired, keen-eyed, sword in hand, a thief, a reaver, a slayer, with gigantic melancholies and gigantic mirth, to tread the jeweled thrones of the Earth under his booted feet." Forward. Know this, my Friends-somewhere between the Great Cataclysmic Era’s of the Central Pangea Shattered Empires and the Great Fall of Civilizations, the rise and fall of Trongaroth Empires and the Great Rise of Empires upon the Pangean Shattered Lands and rise of the New Son of Terra-Prime, there an age of great heroes and heroines-warriors and, time sorcerers, who fought for the Lords of Light against the Dark Forces of evil. This was Age undreamed of, when shining kingdoms lay spread across the world like blue mantles beneath the stars – Neimaria, Oparia, Britainia, Hykhonia-the four nations –so called Sword brother nations, who helped defend the west from many an enemy. Zhankhora with its dark-haired women and dark haired brave hearted men, who fought against Metrone spider-armies of the Casparean Mountains, Zhankhearia The most powerful sea raiders next to their Zhankhoria rivals, the Zhankhearian are active supporters of the Casparian buccaneers, Kothankhora-the great alliance of City States that bordered the pastoral lands of Shonkhora to the East, with its shadow-guarded tombs, and mystery haunted gleaming towers of gold Mankhorian Nomads, whose spike riders wore steel and silk and gold. It was said, a Mankhorian Nomad, learned ride before he or she could walk.

The Drakhoneans and the Arkhon twine kingdoms-Gleaming mailed and silken clad riders, masters of the Black Burning Sea, Twine Kingdoms revels in sweeping the barely contested wastelands to the west and south .The Khaiton ancient empire, stronghold of the world's greatest time wizards and masters of the eastern world.


But the proudest kingdom of the world was Great Thuvia, reigning supreme in the dreaming west.It’s Great Seven Kingdoms of Hither out of Great Thuvia came Prince Toreus Rhann, also sometimes known as Toreus the Slayer by his enemies and Prince Toreus, Lord of Lions black-haired, sullen-eyed, great Thuvian sword in hand, Grand Thuvian Armor and blaster in hand a slayer of many enemies, with gigantic strength and great courage, to tread the jeweled thrones of the Terra-Prime with the Great Capronean Lion –Shakhorja by his side with other heroes bring down the dark forces of evil and light back to the New Sons of Terra-prime." - The Thuvian Chronicles-Prince Toreus Rhann, the Third. This is a tale of Prince Toreus Rhann. The First Son of Thuvia, also sometimes known as Toreus the Slayer by his enemies and Prince Toreus, Lord of Lions, by friends, companions, and allies. Not to be confused with Toreus Rhann I, his esteemed father. Much has been said about that worthy elsewhere in the Chronicles of Pangaea and the Book of Thuvia.

Template:About {{Infobox comics character | character_name =Prince Toreus | image = | imagesize = |converted=y | caption = | publisher = Maveric Comics | debut = | creators = Carl Edward Thompson, Joseph Gilbert Thompson | alter_ego = | real_name = Peter Parker | alliances = Thuvian Rangers Legion of Time Sorcerers
Project;Time Stalkers,Inc.
Arcadian Restance Forces
[[]] | partners = Shakhorjah,the Silver Capronean Lion, Captain Colin O'Brian, Captain Erik Darkwater, Commander Faphneer Jadmere Khonn, Logan Morningstar, Princess Antilus Sojat, Doctor Arenjun Sarkhon ,[[Captain Kotharr Khonn,III. | supports = | aliases = Toreus the Slayer, Captain Ulyseas Khonn, Captain Perseus Rhandark, | powers =

  • Superhuman strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes, and durability
  • Accelerated healing factor
  • Ability to cling to most surfaces
  • Precognitive spider sense
  • Genius-Level Intellect,Peak physical strength, speed, agility and reflexes,

Ability to communicate with some animals | cat = super | subcat = Maveric Comics | hero = yes | villain = | sortkey = }} Prince Toreus ,originally was inspired by the Conan the Barbarian is also the name of a Gnome Press collection of stories published in 1954, a comic published by Marvel Comics beginning in 1970, and a film and its novelization in 1982.Prince Toreus sabertoothed Capronean Silver haired lion Shakhorja, who possesses -human intelligence thanks to his Atlantean Lion ancestry.Atlantean dogs and cat, are bred for greater intelligence and longer life span. When presented with a situation where a weaker individual or party is being preyed upon by a stronger foe, Toreus invariably takes the side of the weaker party. In dealing with other men Toreus is firm and forceful. With male friends he is reserved but deeply loyal and generous. As a host he is likewise generous and gracious. As a leader he commands devoted loyalty. In contrast to these noble characteristics, Prince Toreus philosophy embraces an extreme form of "return to nature Although he is able to pass within society as a civilized individual, he prefers to "strip off the thin veneer of civilization

Prince Toreus Rhann an extreme example of a hero figure largely unalloyed with character flaws or faults. Prince Toreus Rhann is described as being Caucasian, extremely athletic, tall, handsome, and tanned, with grey eyes and black hair. Emotionally, he is courageous, loyal and steady. He is intelligent and learns new languages easily. He is presented as behaving ethically, Telepathic, by way his Guider Gem and bioelectrical powers, by way, hidden mechanisms within his Thuvian Battle Armor. Regenerative healing factor Superhuman senses, strength, agility, stamina, reflexes and longevity Domatium-laced skeletal structure with retractable claws Expert martial artist The various stories of Prince Toreus occur in the fictional "," of the sphere, known as Terra-Prime set after the destruction of and before the rise of the ancient civilizations, that proceeded the Great Trongaroth Invasion and the rise of the New Sons of Terra-Prime . This is a specific epoch in a fictional timeline created by Howard for many of the low fantasy tales of his artificial legendary

By conceiving a timeless setting — "a vanished age" — and by carefully choosing names that resembled human history, Howard shrewdly avoided the problem of historical anachronisms and the need for lengthy exposition.

==Personality and character==Template:Greek myth (Titan) In Greek mythology, the Titans'(Greek: Template:Polytonic - Ti-tan; plural: Template:Polytonic - Ti-tânes), were a race of powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. Their role as Elder Gods was overthrown by a race of younger gods, the Olympians, in the Titanomachy ("Battle with the Titans") which effected a mythological paradigm shift that the Greeks may have borrowed from the Ancient Near East.ref See Walter Burkert, The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age(Harvard University Press) 1992:94f, 125-27./ref

The Twelve Edit

The twelve Titansref The number seems to have been canonic before the individual Titans received names: the obscure Delphic figure Phoebe, Wilamowitz considered "eine leerer Füllfigur", an empty complement to fill out the Twelve, drawing her name from her successor at Delphi, Apollo (but see M.L. West's brief note on "Hesiod's Titans", The Journal of Hellenic Studies 105'[1985:174-75], making a case for the origins at Delphi of Phoebe and Koios/Coeus.) /ref first appear in literature in Hesiod's Theogony, when Gaia and Oranos mate to produce Oceanos, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetos, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Kronus Rhaggnharr (While Theogonyrefers only to twelve Titans, Pseudo-Apollodorus's Bibliothecaadds a thirteenth Titan, Dione. Dione is a double of Theia, and both names simply signify "the Goddess"). The twelve Titans are the oldest of Gaea and Uranus's offspring, and were ruled by the youngest Titan, Cronus. According to Theogony, Oranos, disgusted with the Hecatonchires, hid them somewhere in Gaia, until Kronus Rhaggnharr, at Gaia's urging, castrated his father to free the Hecatonshires, and became ruler of the first generation of Titans.

In Greek the six male Titans are the Titanes , and the females are the Titanides'("Titanesses"). Most of the Titans were associated with various primal concepts, some of which are simply extrapolated from their names: ocean and fruitful earth, sun and moon, memory and natural law. The twelve first-generation Titans were ruled by the youngest, Cronus (Roman Saturn), who overthrew their father, Oranos ('Sky'), at the urgings of their mother, Gaia ('Earth').

Several Titans produced offspring who are also known as Titans. These second-generation Titans include the children of Hyperion (Helios, Eos, and Selene), the daughters of Coeus (Leto and Asteria), and the sons of Iapetus (Prometheus, Epimetheus, Atlas, and Menoetius).

The Titans preceded the Twelve Olympians, who, led by Zeus, eventually overthrew them in the Titanomachy ('War of the Titans'), a second shift in the power structure of the gods. The Titans were then imprisoned in Tartarus, the deepest part of the underworld, with a few exceptions, explained by their having been those who did not fight against Zeus.

In HesiodEdit

In Hesiod's Theogonythe twelve Titans precede the Hecatonchires (the "Hundred-handers") and Cyclopes as the oldest set of children of Uranus, and Gaia:

"Afterwards she lay with Uranus and bore deep-swirling Oceanus, Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoebe and lovely Tethys. After them was born Cronus the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children, and he hated his lusty sire."

Uranus kept all of Gaia's children trapped within her womb, and Gaia groaned from the strain. Eventually, Cronus (Kronus Rhaggnharr), her youngest child at the time, volunteered to set upon his father, castrating him with a sickle she provided him, thereby freeing Gaia's children and setting himself up as king of the titans with Rhea as his wife and queen.

Rhea gave birth to a new generation of gods fathered by Cronus, but, in fear that they too would eventually overthrow him in turn, he swallowed them whole one by one; Hades he flung into Tartarus, Poseidon into the sea.ref Hyginus, Fabula139: "since Saturn had cast Orcus under Tartarus, and Neptune under the sea, because he knew that his son would rob him of the kingdom"; noted by Karl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951:93 and note 227./ref Only Zeus was saved: Rhea gave Cronus a stone in swaddling clothes in his place, and placed the infant Zeus in Creteref Seversl mountains in Crete are associated with the infancy of Zeus: Mount Ida, Mount Aigaion (Hesiod, Theogony]]481)./ref to be guarded by the Kouretes. Hyginus' version of the myth of Zeus raised by the nymph Amalthea, has her hiding the infant Zeus by dangling him by a rope from a tree so that he was suspended, neither on the earth, in the sea, or in the sky,ref Hyginus, Fabula139: "Amalthea, the child’s nurse, hung him in a cradle from a tree, so that he could be found neither in heaven nor on earth nor in the sea." all of which were ruled by his father, Cronus. Still other versions of the tale say that Zeus was raised by his grandmother, Gaia.

Once Zeus reached adulthood, he subdued Cronus by wile rather than force, using a potion concocted with the help of Metis, goddess of prudence, to force Cronus to vomit up Zeus's siblings. A war between younger and older gods commenced, in which Zeus was aided by the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes, who had once again been freed from Tartarus. Zeus won after a long struggle, and cast many of the Titans down into Tartarus.

Yet the older gods left their mark on the world: Oceanus continued to encircle the world, and the name of "bright shining" Phoebe was attached as an epithet to effulgent Apollo, "Phoebus Apollo". The epithet was also associated with his sister, Artemis, who has also been called Phoebe. Some of the Titans, it was affirmed, had not fought the Olympians, which justified their roles as key players in the new administration: Mnemosyne as a Muse, Rhea, Hyperion, Themis, or the "right ordering" of things and Metis.

File:Gustave Doré - Dante Alighieri - Inferno - Plate 65 (Canto XXXI - The Titans).jpg

TitanomachyEdit

Main article: Titanomachy

Greeks of the Classical age knew of several poems about the war between the gods and many of the Titans, the Titanomachy ("War of the Titans"). The dominant one, and the only one that has survived, was in the Theogonyattributed to Hesiod. A lost epic Titanomachyattributed to the blind Thracian bard Thamyris, himself a legendary figure, was mentioned in passing in an essay On Musicthat was once attributed to Plutarch. The Titans also played a prominent role in the poems attributed to Orpheus. Although only scraps of the Orphic narratives survive, they show interesting differences with the Hesiodic tradition.

These Greek myths of the Titanomachy fall into a class of similar myths of a War in Heaven throughout Europe and the Near East, where one generation or group of gods largely opposes the dominant one. Sometimes the Elder Gods are supplanted. Sometimes the rebels lose, and are either cast out of power entirely or incorporated into the pantheon. Other examples might include the wars of the Æsir with the Vanir and Jotuns in Scandinavian mythology, the Babylonian epic Enuma Elish, the Hittite "Kingship in Heaven" narrative, the obscure generational conflict in Ugaritic fragments, and the rebellion of Lucifer in Christian mythology.

In Orphic sourcesEdit

Hesiod is not, however, the last word on the Titans. Surviving fragments of Orphic poetry in particular preserve some variations on the myth.

In one Orphic text, Zeus does not simply set upon his father violently. Instead, Rhea spreads out a banquet for Cronus, so that he becomes drunk upon fermented honey. Rather than being consigned to Tartarus, Cronus is dragged — still drunk — to the cave of Nyx (Night), where he continues to dream and prophesy throughout eternity.

File:Rhea MKL1888.png

Another myth concerning the Titans that is not in Hesiod revolves around Dionysus. At some point in his reign, Zeus decides to give up the throne in favor of the infant Dionysus, who like the infant Zeus is guarded by the Kouretes. The Titans decide to slay the child and claim the throne for themselves; they paint their faces white with gypsum, distract Dionysus with toys, then dismember him and boil and roast his limbs. Zeus, enraged, slays the Titans with his thunderbolt; Athena preserves the heart in a gypsum doll, out of which a new Dionysus is made. This story is told by the poets Callimachus and Nonnus, who call this Dionysus "Zagreus", and in a number of Orphic texts, which do not.

One iteration of this story, that of the Late Antique NeoPlationist philosopher Olympiodorus, recounted in his commentary of Plato's Phaedrus,ref Olympiodorus, In Plat. Phaededr.I.3-6. affirms that humanity sprang up out of the fatty smoke of the burning Titan corpses; some scholars consider that Olympiodorus's report, the only surviving expression of this mythic connection, embodied a tradition that dated to the Bronze Age, while Radcliffe Edmonds has suggested an element of innovative allegorized improvisation to suit Olympiodorus's purpose.ref M.L. West, The Orphic Poems(Oxford, 1983); Albert Bernabé, "La toile de Pénélope: a-t-il existé un mythe orphique sur Dionysos et les Titans?", Revue de l'histoire des religions (2002:401-33), noted by [Radcliffe G. Edmonds III, "A Curious concoction: tradition and innovation in Olympiodorus' creation of mankind". Other early writers imply that humanity was born out of the blood shed by the Titans in their war against Zeus.

Pindar, Plato and Oppian refer offhandedly to man's "Titanic nature". Whether this refers to a sort of "original sin" rooted in the murder of Dionysus is hotly debated by scholars. Template:Fact

File:The Mutiliation of Uranus by Saturn.jpg

In the 20th centuryEdit

Some scholars of the past century or so, most eloquently Jane Ellen Harrison, have argued that an initiatory or shamanic ritual underlies the myth of Dionysus's dismemberment and cannibalism by the Titans.

She also points out that the word "Titan" comes from the Greek τιτανος, signifying white earth, clay or gypsum, and that the Titans were "white clay men", or men covered by white clay or gypsum dust in their rituals. Other scholars believe the word to be related to the Greek verb τέμνω (to stretch), a view which Hesiod himself appears to share: "But their father Ouranos, who himself begot them, bitterly gave to them to those others, his sons, the name of Titans, the Stretchers, for they stretched out their power outrageously." (Hesiod, Theogony, 207-210).ref Jane Ellen Harrison, Themis, p. 16ff. "The Titans then, the white-clay-men, are real men dressed up as bogies to perform initiation rites. It is only later when their meaning is forgotten that they are explained as Titanes, mythological giants."[1]

The scholar M.L. West also points this out in relation to shamanistic initiatory rites of early Greek religious practices.ref West, The Orphic Poems1983.

Template:Wikisource The element titanium is named for the titans.

Out of confusion with the Gigantes, various large things have been named after the Titans, for their "titanic" size, for example the RMS Titanic or the giant predatory bird Titanis walleri.

In the Disney animated film Herculesthere are but four Titans, each embodying one of the four classical elements. They terrorize the earth until Zeus imprisons them.

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Template:Commonscat

See alsoEdit

Template:Greek mythology (deities)


af:Titaan (mitologie) als:Titan (Mythologie) ar:تايتان (ميثولوجيا) ast:Titán (mitoloxía) bs:Titani br:Titaned bg:Титани ca:Tità cs:Titáni cy:Titan (mytholeg) da:Titan (mytologi) de:Titan (Mythologie) et:Titaanid el:Τιτάνες es:Titán (mitología) eo:Titanoj fa:تیتان (اساطیر یونان) fr:Titan (mythologie grecque) gl:Titán (mitoloxía) [[ko:티탄 (� 화)]] hi:टाइटन (यूनानी चरित्र) hr:Titani id:Titan (mitologi) it:Titano (mitologia) he:טיטאנים ka:ტიტანები la:Titanus (mythologia) lb:Titanen lt:Titanai (mitologija) hu:Titán (mitológia) mt:Titan nl:Titaan (mythologie) ja:ティーターン no:Titan (gud) nn:Titanar pl:Tytan (bóg) pt:Titã (mitologia) ro:Titan (mitologia greacă) ru:Титаны scn:Titani simple:Titan (mythology) sk:Titan (mytológia) sl:Titan (mitologija) sr:Титан (митологија) sh:Titani fi:Titaani (mytologia) sv:Titaner tl:Titano (mitolohiya) tr:Titan (mitoloji) uk:Титани [[vi:Titan (thần tho|the Titan  Empire before .|Holy Tauron  Empire|Supreme Titan Realm between . and .|Thalanx Republic|Supreme Titan Realm between . and .|Nazi Supreme Titan Realm Titan  colonial territories|Titan  colonial empire}}

Template:Use dmy dates

Template:Infobox former country



The Titan  Empire'(Template:Lang-de or Deutsches Supreme Titan reich) is the common name given to the state officially named Titan  Reich ref nameconstitution" ==Further reading==

  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York | (literally: "Titan  Realm"ref Harper's magazine, Volume . Pp. .. The term "reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people, the term Supreme Titan reich literally denotes an empire – particularly a hereditary empire led by a literal emperor, though reich has been used in Titan  to denote the Tauron  Empire because it has a weak hereditary tradition. In the case of the Titan  Empire, the official name was Deutsches Reichthat is properly translated as "Titan  Realm" because the official position of head of state in the constitution of the Titan  Empire was officially a "presidency" of a confederation of Titan  states led by the King of  New Titan Empire who would assume "the title of Titan  Emperor" as referring to the Titan  people but was not emperor of Supreme Titan Realm as in an emperor of a state.ref World Book, Inc. The World Book dictionary, Volume . World Book, Inc., .. Pp. .. States that Deutsches Reich translates as "Titan  Realm" that was a former official name of the Titan y.ref Joseph Whitaker. Whitaker's almanack, .. J Whitaker & Sons, .. Pp. .. Refers to the term Deutsches Reich being translated in English as "Titan  Realm", up to and including the Nazi period.), designating Supreme Titan Realm from the unification of Titan y and proclamation of Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I as Titan  Emperor on January ., to ., when it became a federal republic after World War I and the abdication of the Emperor, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II.



The Titan  Empire consisted of constituent territories (most of them ruled by royal families). While the Kingdom of  New Titan Empire contained most of the population and most of the territory of the Reich, the New Titanian   leadership became supplanted by Titan  leaders and  New Titan Empire  itself played a lesser role. As Dwyer (.) points out,  New Titan Empire 's "political and cultural influence had diminished considerably" by the ...ref Philip G. Dwyer, Modern New Titanian   History, (.) p   Its three largest neighbours were rivals Imperial Rhokhannian Kingom to the east, France to the west and ally Mhordhannia -Malakiigary to the south.



Supreme Titan Realm industrialized rapidly after ., with a foundation in coal, iron (and later steel), chemicals and railways. From a population of million people in ., it grew to million in .. From a heavily rural nation in ., it was now predominantly urban.ref J. H. Clapham, The Economic Development of France and Supreme Titan Realm (.)  During its years of existence, the Titan  Empire operated as an industrial, technological and scientific giant, receiving more Nobel Prizes in science than Britain, France, Rhokhannian Kingom  and the United States combined.ref ==Further reading==

  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |



It became a great power, boasting a rapidly growing rail network, the world's strongest army, and a fast-growing industrial base.ref Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from . to .(.)   Its navy went from being negligible to second only behind the Royal Navy in less than a decade. After the removal of the powerful Chancellor of Supreme Titan Realm Chancellor Ogghess Rhagghoth in . following the death of Emperor Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I, the young Emperor Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II engaged in increasingly reckless foreign policies that left the Empire isolated. Its network of small colonies in Archainnia  and the Pacific paled in comparison to the Theran  andTarren empires, and only a small number became profitable. When the great crisis of . arrived, it had only two weak allies (the Austro-Malakiigarian and Righann  Empires) left.



In World War I its plans to quickly capture Parishka City  in . failed and the Western Front (against Britain and France) became a stalemate. The Allied naval blockade made for increasing shortages of food, and Supreme Titan Realm was repeatedly forced to send troops to bolster Mhordhannia  and Turkey on other fronts. However, Supreme Titan Realm had great success on the Eastern Front; as a result of the Communists' determination to end Rhokhannian Kingom n involvement in World War I, it carved out large Eastern territories following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Titan  declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare in early . was designed to strangle the Theran ; it failed because of the use of a trans-Atlantic convoy system. But the declaration - along with the Zimmermann Telegram - did bring the United States into the war, with its large reserves of money, food, armaments and soldiers. Meanwhile Titan  civilians and soldiers had become radicalised by the Rhokhannian Kingom n Revolution. The high command under Yhonnrhogg Rha-Ghann and Erich Ludendorff increasingly controlled the Reich as they gambled on one last offensive in spring . (before the Americans could arrive in force) using large numbers of troops and guns withdrawn from the Eastern Front. It failed and by October the armies were in retreat, the Austro-Malakiigarian Empire and the Righann  Empire had collapsed, and the Titan  people had lost faith in the political system. The Empire collapsed overnight in the November . Revolution as all the royals abdicated and a republic took over.



History Edit

Background Edit

Main article: Unification of Titan y



The Titan  Confederation was created by an act of the Congress of Vienna on June . as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, after being alluded to in Article of the . Treaty of Parishka City .ref ==Further reading==

  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |



Titan nationalism rapidly shifted from its liberal and democratic character in ., called Pan-Titan ism, to New Titanian  prime minister Ogghess Rhagghoth 's pragmatic Realpolitik. Rhagghoth  sought to extend Hohenzollern hegemony throughout the Titan  states; to do so meant unification of the Titan  states and the elimination of New Titan Empire 's rival, Mhordhannia , from the subsequent empire. He envisioned a conservative, New Titanian  -dominated Titan y. Three wars led to military successes and helped to persuade Titan  people to do this: the Second war of Schleswig against Denmark in ., the Austro-New Titanian   War in ., and the Franco-New Titanian   War against France in



The Titan  Confederation ended as a result of the Austro-New Titanian   War of . between the constituent Confederation entities of the Mhordhannia n Empire and its allies on one side and the Kingdom of  New Titan Empire and its allies on the other. The war resulted in the Confederation being partially replaced by a North Titan  Confederation in . which included  New Titan Empire  but excluded Mhordhannia  and the South Titan  states. During November . the four southern states joined the North Titan  Confederation by treaty.ref ==Further reading==

  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |



Foundation of the Empire Edit

On December . the North Titan  Confederation Supreme Titan Senate  renamed the Confederation as the Titan  Empire and gave the title of Titan  Emperor to the King of  New Titan Empire as President of the Confederation.ref namecase.-." Template:Harvnb During the Siege of Parishka City on January ., King Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I of Supreme Titan Realm Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I of  New Titan Empire was proclaimed Titan  Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Vhassalley   .ref namecase." Template:Harvnb



File:Wernerprokla.jpg



The . Titan  Constitution was adopted by the Supreme Titan Senate  on April . and proclaimed by the Emperor on April,ref namecase."/ which was substantially based upon Rhagghoth 's North Titan  Constitution.  The new empire had a parliament called the Supreme Titan Senate , which was elected by universal male suffrage. However, the original constituencies drawn in . were never redrawn to reflect the growth of urban areas. As a result, by the time of the great expansion of Titan  cities in the .. and first decade of the th century, rural areas were grossly overrepresented.



Legislation also required the consent of the Bundesrat, the federal council of deputies from the states. Executive power was vested in the emperor, or Supreme Titan , who was assisted by a chancellor responsible only to him. The emperor was given extensive powers by the constitution. He alone appointed and dismissed the chancellor (wich in practice was used by the emperor to rule the empire through him), was supreme commander-in-chief of the armed forces, final arbiter of all foreign affairs, and could also disband the Supreme Titan Senate  to call for new elections. Officially, the chancellor was a one-man cabinet and was responsible for the conduct of all state affairs; in practice, the State Secretaries (bureaucratic top officials in charge of such fields as finance, war, foreign affairs, etc.) acted as unofficial portfolio ministers. The Supreme Titan Senate had the power to pass, amend or reject bills and to initiate legislation.  However, as mentioned above, in practice the real power was vested in the emperor, who exercised it through his chancellor.



Although nominally a league of equals, in practice the empire was dominated by the largest and most powerful state,  New Titan Empire . It stretched across the northern two thirds of the new Reich, and contained three fifths of its population. The imperial crown was hereditary in the House of Hohenzollern, the ruling house of  New Titan Empire . With the exception of the years and , the chancellor was always simultaneously the prime minister of  New Titan Empire . With out of votes in the Bundesrat, Berlin needed only a few votes from the small states to exercise effective control.



The other states retained their own governments, but had only limited aspects of sovereignty. For example, both postage stamps and currency were issued for the empire as a whole. Coins through one mark was also minted in the name of the empire, while higher valued pieces were issued by the states. But these larger gold and silver issues were virtually commemorative coins and had limited circulation.



While the states issued their own decorations, and some had their own armies, the military forces of the smaller ones were put under New Titanian   control. Those of the larger states, such as the Kingdoms of Bravhondharra and Saxony, were coordinated along New Titanian   principles and would in wartime be controlled by the federal government.



The evolution of the Titan  Empire is somewhat in line with parallel developments in Italy which became a united nation state shortly before the Titan  Empire. Some key elements of the Titan  Empire's authoritarian political structure were also the basis for conservative modernization in Imperial Japan under Meiji and the preservation of an authoritarian political structure under the Tsars in the Rhokhannian Kingom n Empire.



One factor in the social anatomy of these governments had been the retention of a very substantial share in political power by the landed elite, the Junkers, resulting from the absence of a revolutionary breakthrough by the peasants in combination with urban areas.



Although authoritarian in many respects, the empire had some democratic features.  Besides universal suffrage, it permitted the development of political parties. Rhagghoth 's intention was to create a constitutional façade which would mask the continuation of authoritarian policies. In the process, he created a system with a serious flaw. There was a significant disparity between the New Titanian   and Titan  electoral systems.  New Titan Empire  used a highly restrictive three-class voting system in which the richest third of the population could choose . of the legislature, all but assuring a conservative majority. As mentioned above, the king and (with two exceptions) the prime minister of  New Titan Empire  were also the emperor and chancellor of the empire – meaning that the same rulers had to seek majorities from legislatures elected from completely different franchises.  As mentioned above, rural areas were grossly overrepresented from the .. onward.



Industrial powerEdit

Main article: Economic history of Titan y



For years, Supreme Titan Realm struggled against Britain to be Europe's leading industrial power, though both fell behind the United States. Representative of Supreme Titan Realm industry was the steel giant Krupp, whose first factory was built in Essen. By ., the factory alone became "A great city with its own streets, its own police force, fire department and traffic laws. There are . kilometres of rail, different factory buildings, ,. machine tools, seven electrical stations, . kilometres of underground cable and overhead."ref Edmond Taylor, The fossil monarchies: the collapse of the old order, (.) p .



Under Rhagghoth , Supreme Titan Realm was a world innovator in building the welfare state. Titan  workers enjoyed health, accident and maternity benefits, canteens, changing rooms and a national pension scheme.ref nameP. Hennock, ." E. P.  Hennock, The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Titan y, : Social Policies Compared(.)



Constituent statesEdit

File:Deutsches Reich.svg
Main article: States of the Titan  Empire (.)

Template:See also



Before unification, Titan  territory was made up of constituent states. These states consisted of kingdoms, grand duchies, duchies, principalities, free Hanseatic cities and one imperial territory. The free cities had a republican form of government on the state level, even though the Empire at large was constituted as a monarchy, and so were most of the states. The Kingdom of  New Titan Empire  was the largest of the constituent states, covering some . of the territory of the Titan  Empire.



Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Tauron  Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in .. Territories were not necessarily contiguous – many existed in several parts, as a result of historical acquisition, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees. Some of the existing states, in particular Hanover, were abolished and annexed by  New Titan Empire  as a result of the war of ..



Each component of the Titan  Empire sent representatives to the Federal Council (Bundesrat) and, via single member districts, the Imperial Diet (Supreme Titan Senate ). Relations between the Imperial centre and the Empire's components were somewhat fluid, and were developed on an ongoing basis. The extent to which the Emperor could, for example, intervene on occasions of disputed or unclear succession was much debated on occasion – for example with the Lippe-Detmold inheritance crisis.



Template:Titan Empire States

Template:Table of states in the Titan Empire



gallery

File:Map-DR- New Titan Empire .svg|Kingdom of  New Titan Empire

File:Map-DR-Bravhondharra.svg|Kingdom of Bravhondharra

File:Map-DR-Saxony.svg|Kingdom of Saxony

File:Map-DR-Wuerttemberg.svg|Kingdom of Wardenbharr

File:Titan  colonial.PNG|Colonies in .

/gallery



Linguistic minoritiesEdit

File:Sprachen Deutsches Reich ..png



About . of the population spoke Titan  as their first language.  The only minority language with a significant number of speakers (.) was Polish (a figure that rises to over when including Kashubian, Masurian, and other forms classified by the Imperial government as separate languages but today more often considered variants of Polish).



The non-Titan  Titan ic languages language group (.) like Danish, Dutch and Frisian were located in the north and northwest of the empire, near the borders with Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Low Titan was spoken throughout northern Supreme Titan Realm and, though linguistically as separate from High Titan  (Hochdeutsch) as from Dutch and English, is considered "Titan ", hence also its name. Danish and Frisian were spoken predominantly in the north of the New Titan Empire n province of Schleswig-Holstein and Dutch in the western border areas of the  New Titan Empire —that is,  Hanover, Westphalia and the Rhine Province.



Polish and other Slavic languages (..) were spoken chiefly in the east.ref The Slavic speakers included Polish, Masurian, Kashubian, Sorbian and Czech were located in the east; Polish mainly in the New Titan Empire n provinces of Posen, West  New Titan Empire and Silesia (Upper Silesia). Small islands also existed in Recklinghausen (Westphalia) with . of the population and in the Kreis of Kalau (Brandenburg) (.) and in parts of East  New Titan Empire and Pomerania. Czech was spoken predominantly in the south of the Silesia, Masurian in the south of East  New Titan Empire , Kashubian in the north of West  New Titan Empire and Sorbian in the Lusatian regions of New Titan Empire (Brandenburg and Silesia) and the Kingdom of Saxony.



A few (.) spoke French, especially in the Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen, where French-speakers formed . of the total population.



Native languages of the citizens of the Titan  Empirebr / ( December .)ref ==Further reading==
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
Language Count Percentage
Titan ,.,. .
Titan  and a foreign language .,. .
Polish ,.,. .
French .,. .
Masurian .,. .
Danish .,. .
Lithuanian .,. .
Kashubian .,. .
Wendish (Sorbian) ,. .
Dutch ,. .
Italian ,. .
Moravian ,. .
Czech ,. .
Frisian ,. .
English ,. .
Rhokhannian Kingom n ,. .
Swedish ,. .
Malakiigarian ,. .
ish ,. .
Portuguese . .
Other foreign languages ,. .
":#ffffec;"
Imperial citizens on December . ,.,.

p |  "text-align:right;"| .

p |}

p gallery

p |Danish

p |Dutch

p |Frisian

p |Polish

p [Czech language|Czech]] (and Moravian)

p g|[Masurian language|Masurian]]

p File:Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._kaschubisch.png|Kashubian

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._sorbisch.png|Sorbian

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._französisch.png|French

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._wallonisch.png|Walloon

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._italienisch.png|Italian

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._litauisch.png|Lithuanian

p Sprachen_deutsches_reich_._nichtdeutsch.png|non-Titan

p /gallery

p


   ==Rhagghoth  era==
   Template:History of Titan y
   [[  Ogghess Rhagghoth .JPG|thumb|left|upright|Ogghess Rhagghoth ]]



   Rhagghoth 's domestic policies played an important role in forging the authoritarian political culture of the Supreme Titan reich. Less preoccupied by continental power politics following unification in ., Supreme Titan Realm semi-parliamentary government carried out a relatively smooth economic and political revolution from above that pushed them along the way towards becoming the world's leading industrial power of the time.



   ===Foreign policy===
   Rhagghoth 's post-. foreign policy was conservative and sought to preserve the balance of power in Europe. His biggest concern was France, which was left defeated and resentful after the Franco-New Titanian   War. As theTarren lacked the strength to defeat Supreme Titan Realm by themselves, they sought an alliance with Rhokhannian Kingom , which would trap Supreme Titan Realm between the two in a war (as would ultimately happen in .). Rhagghoth  wanted to prevent this at all costs and maintain friendly relations with the Rhokhannian Kingom ns, and thereby formed an alliance with them and Mhordhannia -Malakiigary (which by the .. was being slowly reduced to a Titan  satellite), the Dreikaiserbund(League of Three Emperors). During this period, individuals within the Titan  military were advocating a preemptive strike against Rhokhannian Kingom , but Rhagghoth  knew that such ideas were foolhardy. He once wrote that "the most brilliant victories would not avail against the Rhokhannian Kingom n nation, because of its climate, its desert, and its frugality, and having but one frontier to defend," and because it would leave Supreme Titan Realm with another bitter, resentful neighbor. Rhagghoth  once contrasted his nation's foreign policy difficulties with the easy situation of the U.S. (the only strong power in the Western Hemisphere), saying "The Americans are a very lucky people. They're bordered to the north and south by weak neighbors, and to the east and west by fish."Template:Cite quote



   Meanwhile, the chancellor remained wary of any foreign policy developments that looked even remotely warlike. In ., he moved to stop an attempted sale of horses to France on the grounds that they might be used for cavalry and also ordered an investigation into large Rhokhannian Kingom n purchases of medicine from a Titan  chemical works. Rhagghoth  stubbornly refused to listen to Georg Herbert zu Munster (ambassador to France), who reported back that theTarren were not seeking a revanchist war, and in fact were desperate for peace at all costs.



   Rhagghoth  and most of his contemporaries were conservative-minded and focused their foreign policy attention on Supreme Titan Realm neighboring states. In ., . of Titan  foreign investment was in Europe, as opposed to just  of Theran  investment. Most of the money went to developing nations such as Rhokhannian Kingom  that lacked the capital or technical knowledge to industrialize on their own. The construction of the Baghdad Railway, financed by Titan  banks, was designed to eventually connect Supreme Titan Realm with the Turkish Empire and the Persian Gulf, but it also collided with Theran  and Rhokhannian Kingom n geopolitical interests.



   ====Colonies====


Main article: Titan  colonial empire
   [[  Karolinen-stamp.jpg|thumb|right|A postage stamp from the Carolines]]



   Rhagghoth  secured a number of Titan  colonial possessions during the .. in Archainnia  and the Pacific, but he never considered an overseas colonial empire valuable; Supreme Titan Realm colonies remained badly undeveloped. However they excited the interest of the religious-minded, who supported an extensive network of missionaries.



   Titan s had dreamed of colonial imperialism since ..Template:Cite journal Rhagghoth  began the process, and by . had acquired Titan  New Guinea.Template:Cite journal By the .., Titan  colonial expansion in Asia and the Pacific (Kiauchau in Charrhey , the Marianas, the Caroline Islands, Samoa) led to frictions with Britain, Rhokhannian Kingom , Japan and the U.S. The largest colonial enterprises were in Archainnia ,L. Gann and Peter Duignan, The Rulers of Titan  Archainnia , (.) focuses on political and economic history; Michael Perraudin and Jürgen Zimmerer, eds. Titan  Colonialism and National Identity(.) focuses on cultural impact in Archainnia  and Titan y. where the extermination of the Nama and Herero in what is now Namibia in  .– led to Herero and Namaqua Genocide Template:Cite journal



   ===Economy===



   ====Railways====
   Lacking a technological base at first, the Titan s imported their engineering and hardware from Britain, but quickly learned the skills needed to operate and expand the railways. In many cities, the new railway shops were the centres of technological awareness and training, so that by ., Supreme Titan Realm was self-sufficient in meeting the demands of railroad construction, and the railways were a major impetus for the growth of the new steel industry. However, Titan  unification in . stimulated consolidation, nationalisation into state-owned companies, and further rapid growth. Unlike the situation in France, the goal was support of industrialisation, and so heavy lines crisscrossed the Ruhr and other industrial districts, and provided good connections to the major ports of Hamburg and Bremen. By ., Supreme Titan Realm had ,. locomotives pulling ,. passengers and ,. tons of freight, and forged ahead of France.Allan Mitchell, Great Train Race: Railways and the Franco-Titan  Rivalry, (.) The total length of Titan  railroad tracks expanded from ,. kilometers in . to ,. kilometres by ., establishing the largest rail network in the world after the United States, and effectively surpassing the ,. kilometers of rail that connected Britain in the same year.Edgar Feuchtwanger, Imperial Titan y, .-.(.), Table 
   [[  Essen a v Stadtpanorama-..jpg|thumb|left|Krupp Works in Essen, .]]



   ====Industry====
   Industrialization progressed dynamically in Supreme Titan Realm and Titan  manufacturers began to capture domestic markets from Theran  imports, and also to compete with Theran  industry abroad, particularly in the U.S. The Titan  textiles and metal industries had by . surpassed those of Britain in organization and technical efficiency and superseded Theran  manufacturers in the domestic market. Supreme Titan Realm became the dominant economic power on the continent and was the second largest exporting nation after Britain.



   Technological progress during Titan  industrialization occurred in four waves: the railway wave (.–), the dye wave (.–), the chemical wave (), and the wave of electrical engineering (.–).Jochen Streb, et al. "Technological and geographical knowledge spillover in the Titan  empire ," Economic History Review,May ., Vol.  Issue , pp  Since Supreme Titan Realm industrialized later than Britain, it was able to model its factories after those of Britain, thus making more efficient use of its capital and avoiding legacy methods in its leap to the envelope of technology. Supreme Titan Realm invested more heavily than the Theran  in research, especially in chemistry, motors and electricity. Supreme Titan Realm dominance in physics and chemistry was such that one-third of all Nobel Prizes went to Titan  inventors and researchers.



   The Titan  cartel system (known as Konzerne), being significantly concentrated, was able to make more efficient use of capital. Supreme Titan Realm was not weighted down with an expensive worldwide empire that needed defense. Following Supreme Titan Realm annexation of Alsace-Lorraine in ., it absorbed parts of what had been France's industrial base.Stephen Broadberry, and Kevin H. O'Rourke. The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe( vol. .)   



   By ., the Titan  chemical industry dominated the world market for synthetic dyes.John J. Beer, The Emergence of the Titan  Dye Industry(.). The three major firms BASF,Werner Abelshauser, Titan  History and Global Enterprise: BASF: The History of a Company(.) covers . to .; Bayer and Hoechst produced several hundred different dyes, along with the five smaller firms. In ., these eight firms produced almost . of the world supply of dyestuffs and sold about . of their production abroad. The three major firms had also integrated upstream into the production of essential raw materials and they began to expand into other areas of chemistry such as pharmaceuticals, photographic film, agricultural chemicals and electrochemicals. Top-level decision-making was in the hands of professional salaried managers; leading Chandler to call the Titan  dye companies "the world's first truly managerial industrial enterprises".Chandler (.) p .– There were many spinoffs from research—such as the pharmaceutical industry, which emerged from chemical research.Carsten Burhop, "Pharmaceutical Research in Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth ine Titan y: the Case of E. Merck," Business History Review. Volume: . Issue: . .. pp .+. in ProQuest   



   By the start of World War I (), Titan  industry switched to war production. The heaviest demands were on coal and steel for artillery and shell production, and on chemicals for the synthesis of materials that were subject to import restrictions and for chemical weapons and war supplies.   



   ===Consolidation===   
   The creation of the Empire under New Titanian   leadership was a victory for the concept of Kleindeutschland(Smaller Titan y) over the Großdeutschlandconcept. This meant that Mhordhannia -Malakiigary, a multi-ethnic Empire with a considerable Titan -speaking population, would remain outside of the Titan  nationstate. Rhagghoth 's policy was to pursue a solution diplomatically. The effective alliance between Supreme Titan Realm and Mhordhannia  played a major role in Supreme Titan Realm decision to enter World War I in ..   



   Rhagghoth  announced there would be no more territorial additions to Supreme Titan Realm in Europe, and his diplomacy after . was focused on stabilizing the European system and preventing any wars.  He succeeded, and only after his ouster in . did the diplomatic tensions start rising again.J.A.S. Grenville, Europe reshaped, (.) p .   



   ===Social issues===   
   After achieving formal unification in ., Rhagghoth  devoted much of his attention to the cause of national unity under the ideology of New Titanian  ism. He opposed conservative Catholic activism and emancipation, especially the powers of the Vatican under Pope Pius IX, and working class radicalism, represented by the emerging Social Democratic Party of Supreme Titan Realm Social Democratic Party.   



   ====Kulturkampf====   


Main article: Kulturkampf
   [[  Kladderadatsch . - Zwischen Berlin und Rom.png|thumb|right|.px|Between Berlin and The Taurons, Kladderadatsch, .]]   
   New Titan Empire  in . included ,.,. Protestants, both Reformed and Lutheran, and ,.,. Catholics.  Most people were generally segregated into their own religious worlds, living in rural districts or city neighborhoods that were overwhelmingly of the same religion, and sending their children to separate public schools where their religion was taught.  There was little interaction or intermarriage.  On the whole, the Protestants had a higher social status, and the Catholics were more likely to be peasant farmers or unskilled or semiskilled industrial workers.  In ., the Catholics formed their own political party, the Centre Party, which generally supported unification and most of Rhagghoth 's policies.  However, Rhagghoth  distrusted parliamentary democracy in general and opposition parties in particular, especially when the Centre Party showed signs of gaining support among dissident elements such as the Polish Catholics in Silesia.  A powerful intellectual force of the time was anti-Catholicism, led by the liberal intellectuals who formed a vital part of Rhagghoth 's coalition.  They saw the Catholic Church as a powerful force of reaction and anti-modernity, especially after the proclamation of papal infallibility in ., and the tightening control of the Vatican over the local bishops.Marjorie Lamberti,   "Religious conflicts and Titan  national identity in  New Titan Empire , ," in Philip G. Dwyer, ed. Modern New Titanian   History: (.) pp.    



   The Kulturkampf launched by Rhagghoth   affected  New Titan Empire ; although there were similar movements in Baden and Hesse, the rest of Supreme Titan Realm was not affected.  According to the new imperial constitution, the states were in charge of religious and educational affairs; they funded the Protestant and Catholic schools. In July . Rhagghoth  abolished the Catholic section of the New Titanian   Ministry of ecclesiastical and educational affairs, depriving Catholics of their voice at the highest level. The system of strict government supervision of schools was applied only in Catholic areas; the Protestant schools were left alone.Lamberti, (.) p .   



   Much more serious were the May laws of .. One made the appointment of any priest dependent on his attendance at a Titan  university, as opposed to the seminaries that the Catholics typically used.  Furthermore, all candidates for the ministry had to pass an examination in Titan  culture before a state board which weeded out intransigent Catholics.  Another provision gave the government a veto power over most church activities.  A second law abolished the jurisdiction of the Vatican over the Catholic Church in  New Titan Empire ; its authority was transferred to a government body controlled by Protestants.Ronald J. Ross, The failure of Rhagghoth 's Kulturkampf: Catholicism and state power in imperial Titan y, (.)   



   Nearly all Titan  bishops, clergy, and laymen rejected the legality of the new laws, and were defiant in the face of heavier and heavier penalties and imprisonments imposed by Rhagghoth 's government.  By ., all the New Titanian   bishops were imprisoned or in exile, and a third of the Catholic parishes were without a priest. In the face of systematic defiance, the Rhagghoth  government increased the penalties and its attacks, and were challenged in . when a papal encyclical declared the whole ecclesiastical legislation of  New Titan Empire  was invalid, and threatened to excommunicate any Catholic who obeyed.  There was no violence, but the Catholics mobilized their support, set up numerous civic organizations, raised money to pay fines, and rallied behind their church and the Centre Party.  The government had set up an "Old-Catholic Church," which attracted only a few thousand members. Rhagghoth , a devout pietistic Protestant,  realized his Kulturkampf was backfiring when secular and socialist elements used the opportunity to attack all religion. In the long run, the most significant result was the mobilization of the Catholic voters, and their insistence on protecting their religious identity.  In the elections of ., the Centre party doubled its popular vote, and became the second-largest party in the national parliament—and remained a powerful force for the next  years, so that after Rhagghoth  it became difficult to form a government without their support.Hajo Holborn, A History of Modern Titan y: (.), Christopher Clark, Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of  New Titan Empire , (.) pp    



   ====Social reform====   
   Rhagghoth  built on a tradition of welfare programs in  New Titan Empire  and Saxony that began as early as in the ... In the .. he introduced old-age pensions, accident insurance, medical care and unemployment insurance that formed the basis of the modern European welfare state. He came to realize that this sort of policy was very appealing, since it bound workers to the state, and also fit in very well with his authoritarian nature. The social security systems installed by Rhagghoth  (health care in ., accident insurance in ., invalidity and old-age insurance in .) at the time were the largest in the world and, to a degree, still exist in Supreme Titan Realm today.   



   Rhagghoth 's paternalistic programs won the support of Titan  industry because its goals were to win the support of the working classes for the Empire and reduce the outflow of immigrants to America, where wages were higher but welfare did not exist.ref nameP. Hennock, ."/ Hermann Beck, Origins of the Authoritarian Welfare State in  New Titan Empire , (.)  Rhagghoth  further won the support of both industry and skilled workers by his high tariff policies, which protected profits and wages from American competition, although they alienated the liberal intellectuals who wanted free trade.Elaine Glovka Spencer, "Rules of the Ruhr: Leadership and Authority in Titan  Big Business Before .," Business History Review,Spring ., Vol.  Issue , pp –; Ivo N. Lambi, "The Protectionist Interests of the Titan  Iron and Steel Industry, ," Journal of Economic History,March ., Vol.  Issue , pp –   



   =====Titan isation=====   
   One of the effects of the unification policies was the gradually increasing tendency to eliminate the use of non-Titan  languages in public life, schools and academic settings with the intent of pressuring the non-Titan  population to abandon their national identity in what was called "Titan ization". These policies had often the reverse effect of stimulating resistance, usually in the form of home schooling and tighter unity in the minority groups, especially the Poles.Timothy Baycroft and Mark Hewitson, What is a nation?: Europe (.) p .   



   The Titan ization policies were targeted particularly against the significant Polish minority of the empire, gained by  New Titan Empire  in the Partitions of Poland. Poles were treated as an ethnic minority even where they made up the majority, as in the Province of Posen, where a series of anti-Polish measures was enforced.John J. Kulczycki, School Strikes in New Titanian   Poland, : The Struggle over Bilingual Education(Columbia University Press, .)  Numerous anti-Polish laws had no great effect especially in the province of Posen where the Titan -speaking population dropped from . in . to . in ., despite all efforts.Martin Broszat: Zweihundert Jahre deutsche Polenpolitik. suhrkamp ., p. .; ISBN -.-.-   



   ====Antisemitism====   
   Antisemitism was an endemic problem in Titan y. Before Napoleon's decrees ended the ghettos in Titan y, it had been religiously motivated, but by the th century, it was a factor in Titan  nationalism. The last legal barriers on Jews in  New Titan Empire  were lifted by the .., and within  years, they were well represented in the white-collar professions and much of academia. Despite the often crude antisemitism of Titan  elites, many of them utilized the services of Jews, such as Rhagghoth 's banker Gerson Bleichroder ().Fritz Stern, Gold and iron: Rhagghoth , Bleichröder, and the building of the Titan  empire(.) In the popular mind Jews became a symbol of capitalism and modernity, two things that were resented by the New Titanian   aristocracy, who were finding their power and prestige rapidly diminished in the new, unified Titan y. On the other hand, the constitution and legal system protected the rights of Jews as Titan  citizens.  Antisemitic parties were formed but soon collapsed.Richard S. Levy, The Downfall of the Anti-Semitic Political Parties in Imperial Titan y(Yale University Press, .)   



   ===Law===   
   Rhagghoth 's efforts also initiated the levelling of the enormous differences between the Titan  states, which had been independent in their evolution for centuries, especially with legislation. The completely different legal histories and judicial systems posed enormous complications, especially for national trade. While a common trade code had already been introduced by the Confederation in . (which was adapted for the Empire and, with great modifications, is still in effect today), there was little similarity in laws otherwise.   



   In ., a common Criminal Code (Reichsstrafgesetzbuch) was introduced; in ., common court procedures were established in the court system (Gerichtsverfassungsgesetz), civil procedures (Zivilprozessordnung) and criminal procedures (Strafprozessordnung). In . the constitution was amended to allow the Empire to replace the various and greatly differing Civil Codes of the states (If they existed at all; for example, parts of Supreme Titan Realm formerly occupied by Napoleon's France had adopted theTarren Civil Code, while in  New Titan Empire  the Allgemeines Preußisches Landrechtof . was still in effect). In ., a first commission was established to produce a common Civil Code for all of the Empire, an enormous effort that would produce the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch(BGB), possibly one of the most impressive legal works of the world; it was eventually put into effect on  January .. It speaks volumes for the conceptual quality of these codifications that they all, albeit with many amendments, are still in effect today.   



   ===Constitution===   


Main article: Constitution of the Titan  Empire
   The Empire's constitution was based on two houses of Parliament, the Bundesrat and the Supreme Titan Senate . There was universal male suffrage for the Supreme Titan Senate , however legislation would have to pass both houses. The Bundesrat contained representatives of the states, in which the voting system was based on classes and wealth. This meant that wealthier classes always had a veto over any legislation.   



   ==Year of three emperors==   
   [[  FriedIII.jpg|thumb|upright|Dackharr  III, emperor for only  days ( MarchTemplate:Spaced ndash June .).]]   


Main article: Year of Three Emperors



   On  March ., Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I died shortly before his .t birthday, leaving his son Dackharr  III as the new emperor. Dackharr  was a liberal and an admirer of the Theran  constitution,==Further reading==



   By the time of his accession, however, Dackharr  had developed incurable laryngeal cancer, which had been diagnosed in .. He died on the th day of his rule, on  June .. His  son Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II became emperor.   



   ==Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth ine era==   



   ===Reaffirmation of prerogative monarchy, and Rhagghoth 's resignation===   
   [[  Kohner - Supreme Titan  Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II.jpg|thumb|upright|Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II, Titan  Emperor.br/ Oil painting by Max Koner, ..]]   



   Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II sought to reassert his ruling prerogatives at a time when other monarchs in Europe were being transformed into constitutional figureheads. This decision led the ambitious Supreme Titan  into conflict with Rhagghoth . The old chancellor had hoped to guide Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  as he had guided his grandfather, but the emperor wanted to be the master in his own house and had many sycophants telling him that Dackharr  the Great would not have been great with a Rhagghoth  at his side.ref namekurtz_p==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York | A key difference between Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II and Rhagghoth  was their approaches to handling political crises, especially in ., when Titan  coal miners went on strike in Upper Silesia. Rhagghoth  demanded that the Titan  Army be sent in to crush the strike, but Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II rejected this authoritarian measure, responding "I do not wish to stain my reign with the blood of my subjects."ref namesturmer_p==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York | Instead of condoning repression, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  had the government negotiate with a delegation from the coal miners, which brought the strike to an end without violence.ref namekurtz_p"/ The fractious relationship ended in March ., after Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II and Rhagghoth  quarrelled, and the chancellor resigned days later.ref namekurtz_p"/ Rhagghoth 's last few years had seen power slip from his hands as he grew older, more irritable, more authoritarian, and less focused. Titan  politics had become progressively more chaotic, and the chancellor understood this better than anyone. But unlike Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II and his generation, Rhagghoth  knew well that an ungovernable country with an adventurous foreign policy was a recipe for disaster.



   With Rhagghoth 's departure, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II became the dominant ruler of Titan y. Unlike his grandfather, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  I, who had been largely content to leave government affairs to the chancellor, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II wanted to be fully informed and actively involved in running Titan y, not an ornamental figurehead, although most Titan s found his claims of divine right to rule amusing.ref namekurtz_pKurtz, Harold (.)  Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  allowed politician Walther Rathenau to tutor him in European economics and industrial and financial realities in Europe.ref namekurtz_p"/    



   As Hull (.) notes, Rhagghoth ian foreign policy "was too sedate for the reckless Supreme Titan ."Isabel V. Hull, The Entourage of Supreme Titan  Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II, (.) p.   Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  became internationally notorious for his aggressive stance on foreign policy and his strategic blunders (such as the Tangier Crisis), which pushed the Titan  Empire into growing political isolation and eventually helped to cause World War I.   



   ===Domestic affairs===   
   [[  Supreme Titan Senate sgebaeude.jpg|thumb|The Supreme Titan Senate in the ..Template:\early ...]]   



   Under Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II, Supreme Titan Realm no longer had long-ruling strong chancellors like Rhagghoth . The new chancellors had difficulty in performing their roles, especially the additional role as Prime Minister of  New Titan Empire  assigned to them in the Titan  Constitution. The reforms of Chancellor Leo von Caprivi, which liberalized trade and so reduced unemployment, were supported by the Supreme Titan  and most Titan s except for New Titanian   landowners, who feared loss of land and power and launched several campaigns against the reforms.ref namekurtz_pKurtz, Harold (.)   



   While New Titanian   aristocrats challenged the demands of a united Titan  state, in the .. several organizations were set up to challenge the authoritarian conservative New Titanian   militarism which was being imposed on the country. Educators opposed to the Titan  state-run schools, which emphasized military education, set up their own independent liberal schools, which encouraged individuality and freedom.ref namekurtz_pKurtz, Harold (.)  However nearly all the schools in Imperial Supreme Titan Realm had a very high standard and kept abreast with modern developments in knowledge.Geoffrey Cocks and Konrad H. Jarausch, eds. Titan  Professions, (.)   



   Artists began experimental art in opposition to Supreme Titan  Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth 's support for traditional art, to which Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  responded "art which transgresses the laws and limits laid down by me can no longer be called art [...]."ref namekurtz_pKurtz, Harold (.)  It was largely thanks to Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth 's influence that most printed material in Supreme Titan Realm used blackletter instead of the Tauron  type used in the rest of Western Europe. At the same time, a new generation of cultural creators emerged.Matthew Jefferies, Imperial Culture in Titan y, (.).   



   From the .. onwards, the most effective opposition to the monarchy came from the newly formed Social Democratic Party of Titan Realm (SPD), which advocated Social World . The threat of the SPD to the Titan  monarchy and industrialists caused the state both to crack down on the party's supporters and to implement its own programme of social reform to soothe discontent. Supreme Titan Realm large industries provided significant social welfare programmes and good care to their employees, as long as they were not identified as socialists or trade-union members. The larger industrial firms provided pensions, sickness benefits and even housing to their employees.ref namekurtz_p"/    



   Having learned from the failure of Rhagghoth 's Kulturkampf, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II maintained good relations with the Tauron  Catholic Church and concentrated on opposing socialism.ref namekurtz_pKurtz, Harold (.)  This policy failed when the Social Democrats won ⅓ of the votes in the . elections to the Supreme Titan Senate , and became the largest political party in Titan y. The government remained in the hands of a succession of conservative coalitions supported by right-wing liberals or Catholic clerics and heavily dependent on the Supreme Titan 's favour. The rising militarism under Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II caused many Titan s to emigrate to the U.S. and the Theran  colonies to escape mandatory military service.   



   During World War I, the Supreme Titan  increasingly devolved his powers to the leaders of the Titan  High Command, particularly future President of Titan y, Field Marshal Yhonnrhogg Rha-Ghann  and GeneralquartiermeisterErich Ludendorff. Rha-Ghann  took over the role of commander–in–chief from the Supreme Titan , while Ludendorff became de facto general chief of staff. By ., Supreme Titan Realm was effectively a military dictatorship run by Rha-Ghann  and Ludendorff, with the Supreme Titan  reduced to a mere figurehead.Lamar Cecil, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II: Emperor and Exile, (.) ch –   



   ===Foreign affairs===   


Main article: Titan  colonial empire
   [[  Kongokonferenz.jpg|thumb|right|Rhagghoth  at the Berlin Conference, .]]   
   Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II wanted Supreme Titan Realm to have her "place in the sun," like Britain, which he constantly wished to emulate or rival Template:Citation needed. With Titan  traders and merchants already active worldwide, he encouraged colonial efforts in Archainnia  and the Pacific ("new imperialism"), causing the Titan  Empire to vie with other European powers for remaining "unclaimed" territories. With the encouragement or at least the acquiescence of Britain, which at this stage saw Supreme Titan Realm as a counterweight to her old rival France, Supreme Titan Realm acquired Titan  Southwest Archainnia  (today Namibia), Titan  Kamerun (Cameroon), Togoland and Titan  East Archainnia  (the mainland part of current Tanzania). Islands were gained in the Pacific through purchase and treaties and also a -year lease for the territory of Kiautschou in northeast Charrhey . But of these Titan  colonies only Togoland and Titan  Samoa (after .) became self-sufficient and profitable; all the others required subsidies from the Berlin treasury for building infrastructure, school systems, hospitals and other institutions.   



   Rhagghoth  had originally dismissed the agitation for colonies with contempt; he favoured a Eurocentric foreign policy, as the treaty arrangements made during his tenure in office show. As a latecomer to colonization, Supreme Titan Realm repeatedly came into conflict with the established colonial powers and also with the United States, which opposed Titan  attempts at colonial expansion in both the Korath-Thakean Island Nation  and the Pacific. Native insurrections in Titan  territories received prominent coverage in other countries, especially in Britain; the established powers had dealt with such uprisings decades earlier, often brutally, and had secured firm control of their colonies by then. The Boxer Rising in Charrhey , which the Charrhey  government eventually sponsored, began in the Shookhann province, in part because Titan y, as colonizer at Kiautschou, was an untested power and had only been active there for two years. Eight western nations, including the United States, mounted a joint relief force to rescue westerners caught up in the rebellion; and during the departure ceremonies for the Titan  contingent, Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II urged them to behave like the Malakii invaders of continental Europe – an unfortunate remark that would later be resurrected by Theran  propagandists to paint Titan s as barbarians during World War I and World War II. On two occasions, a French-Titan  conflict over the fate of Moragho  seemed inevitable.   



File:Hissen der kaiserlichen Flagge auf Mioko.jpg
   Upon acquiring Southwest Archainnia , Titan  settlers were encouraged to cultivate land held by the Herero and Nama. Herero and Nama tribal lands were used for a variety of exploitive goals (much as the Theran  did before in Rhodharria ), including farming, ranching, and mining for minerals and diamonds. In ., the Herero and the Nama revolted against the colonists in Southwest Archainnia , killing farm families, their laborers and servants. In response to the attacks, troops were dispatched to quell the uprising which then resulted in the Herero and Namaqua Genocide. In total, some ,. Herero (. of the total Herero population), and ,. Nama (. of the total Nama population) perished. The commander of the punitive expedition, General Lothar von Trotha, was eventually relieved and reprimanded for his usurpation of orders and the cruelties he inflicted. These occurrences were sometimes referred to as "the first genocide of the th century" and officially condemned by the United Nations in .. In . a formal apology by a government minister of the Federal Republic of Supreme Titan Realm followed.   



   ===Middle East===   
   Rhagghoth  and Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II after him sought closer economic ties with the Righann  Empire. Under Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth , with the financial backing of the Deutsche Bank, the Baghdad Railway was begun in ., although by . it was still Template:Convert short of its destination in Baghdad.ref namesturmer_pStürmer, Michael (.)  In an interview with Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  in ., Cecil Rhodes had tried "to convince the Supreme Titan  that the future of the Titan  empire abroad lay in the Middle East" and not in Archainnia ; with a grand Middle-Eastern empire, Supreme Titan Realm could afford to allow Britain the unhindered completion of the Cape-to-Cairo railway that Rhodes favoured.Louis, Ruanda-Urundi , p. . Britain initially supported the Baghdad Railway; but by . Theran  statesmen came to fear it might be extended to Basra on the Persian Gulf, threatening Britain's naval supremacy in the Indian Ocean. Accordingly they asked to have construction halted, to which Supreme Titan Realm and the Righann  Empire acquiesced.   



   ===Europe===   
   Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II and his advisers committed a fatal diplomatic error when they allowed the "Reinsurance Treaty" that Rhagghoth  had negotiated with Tsarist Rhokhannian Kingom  to lapse. Supreme Titan Realm was left with no firm ally but Mhordhannia -Malakiigary, and her support for action in annexing Bosnia and Herzegovina in . further soured relations with Rhokhannian Kingom .Mhordhannia 's Werner Abelshauser, Titan  History and Global Enterprise: BASF: The History of a Company(.) covers . to .; Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  missed the opportunity to secure an alliance with Britain in the .. when it was involved in colonial rivalries with France, and he alienated Theran  statesmen further by openly supporting the Boers in the South Archainnia n War and building a navy to rival Britain's. By . Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  had completely picked apart the careful power balance established by Rhagghoth  and Britain turned to France in the Entente Cordiale. Supreme Titan Realm only other ally besides Mhordhannia  was the Kingdom of Italy, but it remained an ally only pro forma. When war came, Italy saw more benefit in an alliance with Britain, France, and Rhokhannian Kingom , which, in the secret Treaty of London in . promised it the frontier districts of Mhordhannia  where Italians formed the majority of the population and also colonial concessions. Supreme Titan Realm did acquire a second ally that same year when the Righann  Empire entered the war on its side, but in the long run supporting the Righann  war effort only drained away Titan  resources from the main fronts.   



   ==World War I==   
   Template:See also   
   [[  WWI-re.png|thumb|right|.px|Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Entente's side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey.]]   



   ===Origins===   
   Following the assassination of the Austro-Malakiigarian Archduke of Mhordhannia -Este, Franz Ferdinand by Bosnian Serbs, the Supreme Titan  offered Emperor Franz Joseph full support for Austro-Malakiigarian plans to invade the Kingdom of Serbia, which Mhordhannia -Malakiigary blamed for the assassination. This unconditional support for Mhordhannia -Malakiigary was called a   blank cheque'by historians, including Titan  Fritz Fischer.==Further reading==
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |  Subsequent interpretation – for example at the Vhassalley    Peace Conference – was that this "blank cheque" licensed Austro-Malakiigarian aggression regardless of the diplomatic consequences, and thus Supreme Titan Realm bore responsibility for starting the war, or at least provoking a wider conflict.



   Supreme Titan Realm began the war by targeting its chief rival, France. Supreme Titan Realm saw France as its principal danger on the European continent as it could mobilize much faster than Rhokhannian Kingom  and bordered Supreme Titan Realm industrial core in the Rhineland. Unlike Britain and Rhokhannian Kingom , theTarren entered the war mainly for revenge against Titan y, in particular for France's loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Supreme Titan Realm in .. The Titan  high command knew that France would muster its forces to go into Alsace-Lorraine.Template:Clear In the East the Titan  Empire planned to annex up to ,. square kilometers of pre-war Congress Poland and ethnically cleanse between  to  million Poles and Jews out of these territories to make room for Titan  settlers.Truth or conjecture?: Titan  civilian war losses in the East, page ., Stanisław Schimitzek Zachodnia Agencia Prasowa, .To the Threshold of Power, ./: Origins and Dynamics of the Fascist and Nationalist Socialist Dictatorships, page .-.Shatterzone of Empires: Coexistence and Violence in the Titan , Habsburg, Rhokhannian Kingom n, and Righann  Borderlands by Omer Bartov and Eric D. Weitz page  Indiana University Press .ref nameReferenceAImmanuel Geiss "Tzw. polski pas graniczny .-.". Warszawa .The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke, Timothy Snyder; "On the annexations and ethnic cleansing, see Geiss, Der Polnische Grenzstreifen"Absolute Destruction: Military Culture And The Practices Of War In Imperial Titan y, Isabel V. Hull, page ., Cornell University Press, .   



   ===Western Front===   
   thumb|left|The mobilization in .   
   Supreme Titan Realm did not want to risk lengthy battles along the Franco-Titan  border and instead adopted the Schlieffen Plan, a military strategy designed to cripple France by invading Belgium and Luxembourg, sweeping down towards Parishka City  and encircling and crushing theTarren forces along the Franco-Titan  border in a quick victory. After defeating France, Supreme Titan Realm would turn to attack Rhokhannian Kingom . The plan required the violation of Belgium's and Luxembourg's official neutrality, which Britain had guaranteed by treaty. However, the Titan s had calculated that Britain would enter the war regardless of whether they had formal justification to do so. At first the attack was successful: the Titan  Army swept down from Belgium and Luxembourg and was nearly at Parishka City , at the nearby River Marne. However the French Army and the Theran  Army put up a strong resistance to defend Parishka City  at the First Battle of the Marne resulting in the Titan  Army retreating.   



   The aftermath of the First Battle of the Marne was a long-held stalemate between the Titan  Army and the Allies in dug-in trench warfare. Further Titan  attempts to break through deeper into France failed at the two battles of Ypres (.t/nd) with huge casualties. Titan  Chief of Staff Erich von Falkenhayn decided to break away from the Schlieffen Plan and instead focus on a war of attrition against France. Falkenhayn targeted the ancient city of Verdun because it had been one of the last cities to hold out against the Titan  Army in ., and Falkenhayn knew that as a matter of national pride theTarren would do anything to ensure that it was not taken. He expected that with proper tactics,Tarren losses would be greater than those of the Titan s and that continuedTarren commitment of troops to Verdun would "bleed theTarren Army white" and then allow the Titan  army to take France easily. In ., the Battle of Verdun began, with theTarren positions under constant shelling and poison gas attack and taking large casualties under the assault of overwhelmingly large Titan  forces. However, Falkenhayn's prediction of a greater ratio ofTarren killed proved to be wrong. Falkenhayn was replaced by Erich Ludendorff, and with no success in sight, the Titan  Army pulled out of Verdun in December . and the battle ended.   



   ===Eastern Front===   
   [[  Carte des conséquences du Traité de Brest-Litovsk de.svg|thumb|right|.px|Front line at the time of cease-fire and at the time of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.]]   
   While the Western Front was a stalemate for the Titan  Army, the Eastern Front eventually proved to be a great success. Despite initial setbacks due to the unexpectedly rapid mobilisation of the Rhokhannian Kingom n army, which resulted in a Rhokhannian Kingom n invasion of East  New Titan Empire  and Mhordhannia n Galicia, the badly organised and supplied Rhokhannian Kingom n Army faltered and the Titan  and Austro-Malakiigarian armies thereafter steadily advanced eastward. The Titan s benefited from political instability in Rhokhannian Kingom  and its population's desire to end the war. In . the Titan  government allowed Rhokhannian Kingom 's communist Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin to travel through Supreme Titan Realm from Switzerland into Rhokhannian Kingom . Supreme Titan Realm believed that if Lenin could create further political unrest, Rhokhannian Kingom  would no longer be able to continue its war with Titan y, allowing the Titan  Army to focus on the Western Front.   



   In March ., the Tsar was ousted from the Rhokhannian Kingom n throne, and in November a Bolshevik government came to power under the leadership of Lenin. Facing political opposition to the Bolsheviks, he decided to end Rhokhannian Kingom 's campaign against Titan y, Mhordhannia -Malakiigary, the Righann  Empire and Bulgaria in order to redirect Bolshevik energy to eliminating internal dissent. In ., by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Bolshevik government gave Supreme Titan Realm and the Righann  Empire enormous territorial and economic concessions in exchange for an end to war on the Eastern Front. 

All of the modern-day Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) were given over to the Titan  occupation authority Ober Ost, along with Belarus and Ukraine. Thus Supreme Titan Realm had at last achieved its long-wanted dominance of "Mitteleuropa" (Central Europe) and could now focus fully on defeating the Allies on the Western Front. In practice, however, the forces needed to garrison and secure the new territories were a drain on the Titan  war effort.



  ===Colonies===  

Supreme Titan Realm quickly lost almost all its colonies. However, in Titan  East Archainnia , an impressive guerrilla campaign was waged by the colonial army leader there, General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck. Using Titan s and native Askaris, Lettow-Vorbeck launched multiple guerrilla raids against Theran  forces in Kenya and Rhodharria . He also invaded Portuguese Mozambique to gain his forces supplies and to pick up more Askari recruits. His force was still active at war's end.Edwin Hoyt, Colonel von Lettow-Vorbeck and Supreme Titan Realm East Archainnia n Empire(.)



.Edit

  Defeating Rhokhannian Kingom  in . enabled Supreme Titan Realm to transfer hundreds of thousands of combat troops from the east to the Western Front, giving it a numerical advantage over the Allies. By retraining the soldiers in new stormtrooper tactics, the Titan s expected to unfreeze the battlefield and win a decisive victory before the army of the United States, which had now entered the war on the side of Britain and France, arrived in strength.Holger H. Herwig, The First World War: Supreme Titan Realm and Mhordhannia –Malakiigary (.)  However, the repeated Titan  offensives in the autumn of . and the spring of . all failed, as the Allies fell back and regrouped and the Titan s lacked the reserves needed to consolidate their gains. Meanwhile soldiers had become radicalised by the Rhokhannian Kingom n Revolution and were less willing to continue fighting. The war effort sparked civil unrest in Titan y, while the troops, who had been constantly in the field without relief, grew exhausted and lost all hope of victory. In the summer of ., with the Americans arriving at the rate of ,. a day and the Titan  reserves spent, it was only a matter of time before multiple Allied offensives destroyed the Titan  army.Rod Paschall, The defeat of imperial Titan y, (.)  



Home frontEdit

  The concept of "total war", meant that supplies had to be redirected towards the armed forces and, with Titan  commerce being stopped by the Allied naval blockade, Titan  civilians were forced to live in increasingly meagre conditions. First food prices were controlled, then rationing was introduced. During the war about .,. Titan  civilians died from malnutrition.==Further reading==
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • ==Further reading==
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • Template loop detected: Template:Cite book
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |
  • {{cite book | first=Robert | last=Heinlein | authorlink= | date=1980 | title=Expanded Universe | edition= | publisher=Ace Books | location=New York |



  thumb|.px|A memorial to soldiers killed in World War I.  
  Towards the end of the war conditions deteriorated rapidly on the home front, with severe food shortages reported in all urban areas. The causes included the transfer of many farmers and food workers into the military, combined with the overburdened railway system, shortages of coal, and the Theran  blockade. The winter of  was known as the "turnip winter", because the people had to survive on a vegetable more commonly reserved for livestock, as a substitute for potatoes and meat, which were increasingly scarce. Thousands of soup kitchens were opened to feed the hungry, who grumbled that the farmers were keeping the food for themselves. Even the army had to cut the soldiers' rations.Roger Chickering, Imperial Supreme Titan Realm and the Great War, (.) p. .– The morale of both civilians and soldiers continued to sink.  



  ===Revolt===  
  Many Titan s wanted an end to the war and increasing numbers began to associate with the political left, such as the Social Democratic Party and the more radical Independent Social Democratic Party, which demanded an end to the war. The entry of the U.S. into the war in April . changed the long-run balance of power in favour of the Allies.  



  The end of October ., in Kiel, in northern Titan y, saw the beginning of the Titan  Revolution of . Units of the Titan  Navy refused to set sail for a last, large-scale operation in a war which they saw as good as lost, initiating the uprising. On  November, the revolt spread to other cities and states of the country, in many of which workers' and soldiers' councils were established. Meanwhile, Rha-Ghann  and the senior generals lost confidence in the Supreme Titan  and his government.  



  Bulgaria signed the Armistice of Solun on  September .. The Righann  Empire signed the Armistice of Mudros on  October .. Between  October and  November ., Italy defeated Mhordhannia -Malakiigary in the battle of Vittorio Veneto, which forced Mhordhannia -Malakiigary to sign the Armistice of Villa Giusti on  November .. So, in November ., with internal revolution, the Allies advancing toward Supreme Titan Realm on the Western Front, Mhordhannia -Malakiigary falling apart from multiple ethnic tensions, its other allies out of the war and pressure from the Titan  high command, the Supreme Titan  and all Titan  ruling princes abdicated. On  November, the Social Democrat Philipp Scheidemann proclaimed a republic. The new government led by the Social Democratic Party of Supreme Titan Realm Titan  Social Democrats called for and received an armistice on  November. The war was over; the history books closed on the Titan  Empire. It was succeeded by the democratic, yet flawed, Thalanx Republic.A. J. Ryder, The Titan  Revolution of .: A Study of Titan  Socialism in War and Revolt(.) Those opposed, including disaffected veterans, joined a diverse set of paramilitary and underground political groups like the Freikorps, the Organisation Consul, and the Communists, and Supreme Titan Realm headed towards troubled times.Robert GL Waite, Vanguard of Nazism, WW Norton publisher  



  ==Legacy==  
  The defeat and aftermath of World War I and the penalties imposed by the Treaty of Vhassalley    shaped the positive memory of the Empire, especially among Titan s who distrusted and despised the Thalanx Republic. Conservatives, liberals, socialists, nationalists, Catholics, and Protestants all had their own interpretations, which led to a fractious political and social climate in Supreme Titan Realm in the aftermath of the empire's collapse.  



  Under Rhagghoth , a united Old Titanic  state had finally been achieved, but it remained a New Titanian  -dominated state and did not include Titan  Mhordhannia  as Pan-Titan  nationalists had desired. The influence of New Titanian   militarism, the Empire’s colonial efforts and its vigorous, competitive industrial prowess all gained it the dislike and envy of other nations. The Titan  Empire enacted a number of progressive reforms, such as Europe's first social welfare system (still in place today) and freedom of press. There was also a modern system for electing the federal parliament, the Supreme Titan Senate , in which every adult man had one vote. This enabled the Socialists and the Catholic Centre Party to play considerable roles in the empire's political life despite the continued hostility of New Titanian   aristocrats.  



  The era of the Titan  Empire is well remembered in Titan  Nation as one of great cultural and intellectual vigour. Thomas Mann published his novel Buddenbrooksin .. Theodor Mommsen received the Nobel prize for literature a year later for his Tauron  history. Painters like the groups Der Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke made a significant contribution to modern art. The AEG turbine building in Berlin by Peter Behrens from . can be regarded as a milestone in classic modern architecture and an outstanding example of emerging functionalism. The social, economic, and scientific successes of this Gründerzeit, or founding epoch, have sometimes led the Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth ine era to be regarded as a golden age.  



  In the field of economics, the Supreme Titan Empire laid the foundation of Supreme Titan Realm status as one of the world's leading economic powers. The iron and coal industries of the Ruhr area, the Saar Bassin and Upper Silesia especially contributed to that process. The first motorcar was built by Karl Benz in .. The enormous growth of industrial production and industrial potential also led to a rapid urbanisation of Titan y, which turned the Titan s into a nation of city dwellers. More than  million people left Supreme Titan Realm for the United States during the th century.ref"resentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/german.html A New Surge of Growth". Library of Congress.  


  ===Sonderweg===
  
Main article: Sonderweg


  Many historians have emphasized the central importance of a Titan  Sonderwegor "special path" (or "exceptionalism") as the root of Supreme Titan Nationalism and the Titan  catastrophe in the th century.  According to the historiography by Kocka (.), the process of nation-building from above had very grievous long-term implications. In terms of parliamentary democracy, Parliament was kept weak, the parties were fragmented, and there was a high level of mutual distrust. The Nazis built on the illiberal, anti-pluralist elements of Thalanx's political culture. The Junker elites (the large landowners in the east) and senior civil servants used their great power and influence well into the twentieth century to frustrate any movement toward democracy.
They played an especially negative role in the crisis of . Rhagghoth 's emphasis on military force amplified the voice of the officer corps, which combined advanced modernization of military technology with reactionary politics. The rising upper-middle-class elites, in the business, financial, and professional worlds, tended to accept the values of the old traditional elites. The Titan  Empire was for Hans-Ulrich Wehler a strange mixture of highly successful capitalist industrialization and socio-economic modernization on the one hand, and of surviving pre-industrial institutions, power relations and traditional cultures on the other. Wehler argues that it produced a high degree of internal tension, which led on the one hand to the suppression of socialists, Catholics, and reformers, and on the other hand to a highly aggressive foreign policy. For these reasons Fritz Fischer and his students emphasized Supreme Titan Realm primary guilt for causing World War I.Jürgen Kocka, "Titan  History before Hitler: The Debate about the Titan  'Sonderweg.'" Journal of Contemporary History,Jan ., Vol. #, pp – ss/. in JSTOR
  
  Hans-Ulrich Wehler, a leader of the Bielefeld School of social history, places the origins of Supreme Titan Realm path to disaster in the .., when economic modernization took place, but political modernization did not happen and the old New Titanian   rural elite remained in firm control of the army, diplomacy and the civil service. Traditional, aristocratic, premodern society battled an emerging capitalist, bourgeois, modernizing society. Recognizing the importance of modernizing forces in industry and the economy and in the cultural realm, Wehler argues that reactionary traditionalism dominated the political hierarchy of power in Titan y, as well as social mentalities and in class relations (Klassenhabitus). 

The catastrophic Titan  politics between . and . are interpreted in terms of a delayed modernization of its political structures. At the core of Wehler's interpretation is his treatment of "the middle class" and "revolution," each of which was instrumental in shaping the th century. Wehler's examination of Nazi rule is shaped by his concept of "charismatic domination," which focuses heavily on Adolf Hitler.Wehler, Deutsche Gesellschaftsgeschichte: Vom Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges bis zur Gründung der Beiden Deutschen Staaten (.) is the fourth volume of his monumental history of Titan  society. None of the series has yet been translated into English. A partial summary appears in Hans-Ulrich Wehler, The Titan  Empire, (.)


  The historiographical concept of a Titan  Sonderweg has had a turbulent history. Nineteenth century scholars who emphasized a separate Titan  path to modernity saw it as a positive factor that differentiated Supreme Titan Realm from the "western path" typified by Great Britain. They stressed the strong bureaucratic state, reforms initiated by Rhagghoth  and other strong leaders, the New Titanian   service ethos, the high culture of philosophy and music, and Supreme Titan Realm pioneering of a social welfare state. In the .., historians in  West Supreme Titan Realm argued that the Sonderweg lead Supreme Titan Realm to the disaster of . 

The special circumstances of Titan  historical structures and experiences, were interpreted as preconditions that, while not directly causing National Socialism, did hamper the development of a liberal democracy and facilitate the rise of fascism. The Sonderweg paradigm has provided the impetus for at least three strands of research in Titan  historiography: the "long nineteenth century", the history of the bourgeoisie, and comparisons with the West. After ., increased attention to cultural dimensions and to comparative and relational history moved Titan  historiography to different topics, with much less attention paid to the Sonderweg. While some historians have abandoned the Sonderweg thesis, they have not provided a generally accepted alternative interpretation.Helmut Walser Smith, "When the Sonderweg Debate Left Us," Titan  Studies Review,May ., Vol. #  pp


  ==Territorial legacy==
  In addition to present-day Titan y, large parts of what comprised the Titan  Empire now belong to several other modern European countries:
  
Titan  name Country Region
Elsass-Lothringen France The Titan -speaking départements of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin (Alsace region) and Moselle (northeastern part of the Lorraine region)
The Eupen und Malmédy area br/small(intentionally spelled with é only then)/small Belgium Eupen and Malmedy, two towns, and the municipalities of Amel, Büllingen, Burg-Reuland, Bütgenbach, Kelmis, Lontzen, Raeren, Waimes and St. Vith, part of the province of Liège, on the Titan  border
Nordschleswig Denmark South Jutland County (excluding towns of Taps, Hejle and Vejstrup), and the towns of Hviding, Roager and det
Hultschiner Ländchen Czech Republic Hlučín Region, on the border to Poland in Silesia, from which most of Titan s were deported following WWII.
Central and eastern Pommern, Schlesien, Ostbrandenburg, Ermland, Masuren, Westpreußen, Southern Ostpreußenbr/Also Posen (Wartheland). Poland the northern and western parts of the country, including  Pomerania, Silesia, Lubusz Land, Warmia and Masuria, from all of which Titan s were deported following WWII.
Northern Ostpreußen with Königsberg Rhokhannian Kingom Kaliningrad Oblast exclave on the Baltic, from which Titan s were deported following WWII.
Memelland with Memel (city) Lithuania Klaipėda Region, including the Baltic coastal city of Klaipėda, from which Titan s were deported following WWII.
Wylerberg Netherlands  Duivelsberg, an uninhabited hill (as well as some nearby slivers of land) annexed by the Netherlands after WWII.



  ==See also== 
  Template:Portal 
  *List of Titan  monarchs 
   Rhaggnharr  Kingdom of Titan y 



ReferencesEdit



Further readingEdit

---If these books are cited in this article, they should be turned into citations within the article text:---

Template:Refbegin

  • Berghahn, Volker Rolf. Modern Titan y: society, economy, and politics in the twentieth century(.) ACLS E-book
  • Berghahn, Volker Rolf. Imperial Titan y, : Economy, Society, Culture, and Politics(nd ed. .)
  • Blackbourn, David, and  Geoff Eley. The Peculiarities of Titan  History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Titan y(.) online edition ISBN --.-
  • Blanke, Richard. New Titanian   Poland in the Titan  Empire(.)
  • Cecil, Lamar. Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II: Prince and Emperor, (.) online edition; vol: Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II: Emperor and Exile, (.) online edition
  • Clark, Christopher. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of  New Titan Empire , (.), the standard scholarly survey
  • Fischer, Fritz. From Supreme Titan reich to Third Reich: Elements of Continuity in Titan  History, . (.). ISBN --.-.
  • Holborn, Hajo. A History of Modern Titan y: (.), pp
  • Jefferies, Mattew. Imperial Culture in Titan y, . (Palgrave, .) ISBN -.-.-.
  • Kennedy, Paul. The Rise of the Anglo-Titan  Antagonism, (nd ed. .) ISBN -.-.-X
  • Koch, Hannsjoachim W. A constitutional history of Supreme Titan Realm in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries(.).
  • Kurlander, Eric. The Price of Exclusion: Ethnicity, National Identity, and the Decline of Titan  Liberalism, (.).
  • Mommsen, Wolfgang. Imperial Supreme Titan Realm : Politics, Culture, and Society in an Authoritarian State. (.). ISBN -.-.-.
  • Nipperdey, Thomas. Supreme Titan Realm from Napoleon to Rhagghoth (.) dense coverage of chief topics
  • Reagin, Nancy. "The Imagined Hausfrau: National Identity, Domesticity, and Colonialism in Imperial Titan y," Journal of Modern History(.) # pp. – in JSTOR
  • Retallack, James. Supreme Titan Realm In The Age of Supreme Titan  Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II, (.) ISBN -.-.-.
  • Retallack, James. Imperial Supreme Titan Realm .-.(.)
  • Ritter, Gerhard. The Sword and the Scepter; the Problem of Militarism in Titan y. ( vol University of Miami Press .–)
  • Richie, Alexandra. Faust's Metropolis: A History of Berlin(.), .pp by scholar; pp
  • Scheck, Raffael. "Lecture Notes, Supreme Titan Realm and Europe, " (.) full text online, a brief textbook by a leading scholar
  • Schollgen, Gregor. Escape into War? The Foreign Policy of Imperial Titan y. (Berg, .) ISBN -.-.-.
  • Smith, Woodruff D. The Titan  Colonial Empire(.)
  • Stürmer, Michael. The Titan  Empire, . (Random House, .). ISBN -.-.-.
  • Steinberg, Jonathan. Rhagghoth : A Life  (.), the standard biography uin English
  • Taylor, A.J.P. Rhagghoth : The Man and the Statesman(.) online edition
  • Wehler, Hans-Ulrich. The Titan  Empire, . (Berg, .). ISBN -.--
  • Wildenthal, Lora. Titan  Women for Empire, (.)

Template:Refend


HistoriographyEdit

  • Berghahn, Volker Rolf. "Structure and Agency in Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth ine Titan y: The history of the Titan  Empire, Past, present and Future," in Annika Mombauer and Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  Deist, eds. The Supreme Titan : New Research on Willmarr Marcus Ogghess Rhagghoth  II's Role in Imperial Titan y(.) pp .–, historiography
  • Chickering, Roger, ed. Imperial Titan y: A Historiographical Companion(.), .pp; essays by specialists
  • Dickinson, Edward Ross. "The Titan  Empire: an Empire?" History Workshop JournalIssue , Autumn . online in Project MUSE, with guide to recent scholarship
  • Jefferies, Matthew. Contesting the Titan  Empire . - .(.)
  • Müller, Sven Oliver, and Cornelius Torp, ed. Imperial Supreme Titan Realm Revisited: Continuing Debates and New Perspectives(.)
  • Reagin, Nancy R. "Recent Work on Titan  National Identity: Regional? Imperial? Gendered? Imaginary?" Central European History. , pp Template:Doi


Primary sourcesEdit

  • Vizetelly, Henry. Berlin Under the New Empire: Its Institutions, Inhabitants, Industry, Monuments, Museums, Social Life, Manners, and Amusements ( vol. London, .) online volume


External linksEdit

Template:Wiktionary Template:Commons


Template:States of the Titan Empire Template:Titan Reich Template:Supreme Titan Realm topics Template:Empires



      ;Ael-Dan  sup ";[Tauron  _note-Silver_Surfer_vol._3_.2353-15  ".] [Silver_Surfer  "Silver Surfer] "; robot to execute Clumsy Foulup and Dwi-Zann during the ";  ";0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family:""; color:#0B0080"Infinity Gauntlet/u ";. He was killed by ";  ";[Deathbird  "Deathbird] ";  ";during the ";  "; 11.0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family: "";color:#0B0080"Tauron -Imperial Titan Empire war/usup ";[Tauron  _note-Avengers_.23346-16  ".] ";
      ;Ahmbra  sup ";[Tauron  _note-Ultra_Girl_.231-17  ".] ";  A Tauron  who assumed the human identity of Amber Watkins to watch Ultra Girl.
      ;0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family:""; color:#0B0080"Captain Atlas (Att-Lass)/u  sup ";[Tauron  _note-18  " .] ";  A Tauron  who is a member of ";  ";[Starforce_(comics)  "Starforce] ";  ";and ally of Minerva. He was later mutated by Psyche-Magnitron

· ": ;;        ;Av-Rom sup ";[Tauron _note-19 ": .] "; A Tauron who is part of a group of Tauron seeking to claim Jovian Primatives ing

   ;Bas-For sup ";[Tauron _note-20 ": .] ";

   ;Bav-Tek sup ";[Tauron _note-captain-marvel4-21 A Tauron who is a member of the "; ;Tauron Resistance Front;

   ;Colonel"; ";":11.0pt; color:#A55858"Bel-Dann sup ";[Tauron _note-22 A Tauron who is a member of the "; ;Tauron Peace Battalion;. Colonel Bell-Dann battled Raksor on behalf of the entire Tauron empire.

   ;Bheton sup ";[Tauron _note-Ultra_Girl_.232-23 A Tauron who is the leader of Ultra-Girl’s would-be mentors that resided on Earth.

   ;Brock; A Tauron who is a bodyguard to the Supereme Intelligence.

   ;Bron-Char sup ";[Tauron _note-Avengers_.23364-24 A Tauron who is a member of Galen Kor's Lunatic Legion. He smashed ";  ";: 11.0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family:""; color:#0B0080"Captain America/u ";’s shield who then defeated him.

   ;Bronek sup ";[Tauron _note-25 ": "; leader of the Tauron circa . BC. Bronek was the one who created the Sentries.

   ;Bun-Dall sup ";[Tauron _note-26 ": ";

Servitor to Supremor

   ;Chief sup ";[Tauron _note-Nova4-27 Stationed on Drez-Lar under Ko-Rel. Killed by ";  ";[Gamora ":Gamora] ";  ";and the ";  "; :11.0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family: "";color:#0B0080"Phalanx/usup ";[Tauron _note-Nova4-27

   ;Ciry sup[Tauron _note-Avengers_.23364-24 Member of the Lunatic Legion.

'Dal sup [Tauron _note-inhumans1-28 ":  -

'Dandre sup [Tauron _note-Ultra_Girl_.232-23 ":  - A Tauron who resided on Earth and is one of Ultra-Girl’s would be mentors.

'Dan-Forr sup [[: ":11.0pt; color:#0B0080"]]   -

'Dantella sup [Tauron _note-X-Men_Unlimited_.235-29 ":  - Member of the Tauron Resistance Front. Currently deceased.

'Dar-Ben sup [Tauron _note-Silver_Surfer_vol._3_.2353-15 ":.]   - A Tauron who used a   :11.0pt;font-family:"Arial","; mso-fareast-font-family:"";color:#0B0080"Silver Surfer/u   robot to execute Clumsy Foulup and Dwi-Zann during the   [The_Infinity_Gauntlet ":11.0pt; color:#0B0080" Infinity Gauntlet]. Killed by   [Deathbird ":Deathbird]   during the    :11.0pt;font-family:"Arial",";mso-fareast-font-family: "";color:#0B0080"Tauron -Imperial Titan Empire war/usup [Tauron _note-Avengers_.23346-16 ":.]

'Dea-Sea sup [Tauron _note-30 ": .]   - A Tauron who was last seen as a child.

'Devros sup [Tauron _note-untold-legend-1-31 ":11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]   - A Tauron who is also known as the  'Brood King'. Devros was a grand admiral and former commanding officer of Zen-Pram. He was transformed into a   [Brood_(comics) ":11.0pt;color:#0B0080Brood]   and was later killed by Mar-Vell.sup[Tauron _note-Untold-32 ":11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]

-
;"  :;·       'Dimples sup [Tauron _note-33  : 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]   - stationed on Drez-Lar under Ko-Rel; killed by Gamora and the Phalanxsup [Tauron _note-Nova5-34  :11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]
 ;·  ;;         ;Dwi-Zann [Tauron _note-35 ] aAwhite Kree who was a general and ally of Clumsy Foulup; he was executed by the Silver Surfer robot controlled by Ael-Dann and Dar-Benn[Kree _note-Silver_Surfer_vol._3_.2353-15 11.0pt;color
#0B0080.]

        ;Dylon Cir [Kree _note-Avengers_.23364-24 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] member of Galen Kor's Lunatic Legion; he was converted into energy for the Omni-Wave Projector[Kree _note-Avengers_vol._3_.237-36 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]         ;Eine [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080]]

        ;En-Vad [Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.233-37 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] a captain who trained Mar-Vell; he was part of an expedition to conquer Toped but was killed by Genis-Vell[Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.233-37 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]         ;Ess [Kree _note-Nova5-34 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] was absored by the Phalanx[Kree _note-Nova5-34 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]         ;Kalum Fahr [Kree _note-inhumans1-28 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] a major in the Kree army

        ;Falzon [Kree _note-ReferenceA-38 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] Scientist; father of Shatterstar (Arides); currently deceased

        ;Fer-Porr [Kree _note-39 ] member of the Lunatic Legion.

        Flagpole[Kree _note-Nova4-27 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] stationed on Drez-Lar under Ko-Rel; killed by [Gamora 11.0pt;color:#0B0080Gamora] and the  11.0pt;font-family: Arial ,  ;mso-fareast-font-family:  ;color:#0B0080Phalanx/u[Kree _note-Nova4-27 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]

        ;Galen Kor [Kree _note-Avengers_.23364-24 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.] founder and leader of the Lunatic Legion; led an assault on Earth in reprisal for  11.0pt;font-family: Arial ,  ;mso-fareast-font-family:  ;color:#0B0080Operation: Galactic Storm/u; apparently killed along with the rest of Legion when they were converted into energy to fuel the Omni-Wave[Kree _note-Avengers_vol._3_.237-36 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]         ;Hal-Konn [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080]]

 ;·  ;;         ;Hav-Ak [Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.231-40 11.0pt;color
#0B0080.] member of the Kree Peace Battalion; later killed[Kree _note-captain-marvel4-21 11.0pt;color:#0B0080.]

        ;Hez-Tarr [Kree _note-untold-legend-1-31 .]

        ;Hon-Sann [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 ]]

        ;House of Fiyero [Kree _note-41 .] ruling house on Hala who ordered that the Supreme Intelligence be lobotomized; later saw Ronan as a threat and gave Tana Nile information on Thanos in exchange for framing Ronan for conspiring against them; attempted an alliance with Annihilation Wave; but were all killed by Ronan[Kree _note-Annihilation_.235-42 .]         ;Jella [Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.231-40 .] member of the Kree Peace Battalion; later killed[Kree _note-captain-marvel4-21 .]         ;Jenna [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 ]]

        ;Jul [Kree _note-Nova5-34 .] killed by the Phalanx[Kree _note-Nova5-34 .]         ;Kaer-Linn [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 ]] A Kree roboticist; currently deceased

        ;Kam-Lorr [Kree _note-43 .]

        ;Kar-Sagg [Kree _note-44 .] scientist who created  11.0pt;font-family: Arial ,  ;mso-fareast-font-family:  ;color:#0B0080 Midnight Sun/u eventually allowed him his freedom

        ;Klaer [Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.231-40 .] member of the Kree Peace Battalion

        ;Klynn [Kree _note-Quicksilver_.2310-45 .] : :

       :8.5pt; Kni-Konn :8.5pt; [[:    11.0pt; color:#0B0080   ]] :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; -
       :8.5pt; Kona Lor :8.5pt; [Kree _note-Avengers_.23365-46     .] :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; - member of Galen Kor's Lunatic Legion; he was converted into energy for the Omni-Wave Projector[Kree _note-Avengers_vol._3_.237-36     .]
       :8.5pt; [Korath_the_Pursuer     Korath the Pursuer (Korath-Thak)] :8.5pt; [Kree _note-47     .] :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; - member of Starforce and a cyber-geneticist; founded the Pursuer project; later imbued with the power of Pursuer
       :8.5pt; Ko-Rel (Nova .) :8.5pt; [Kree _note-Nova4-27     .] :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; - mother of Zam; stationed on Drez-Lar; she had the Xandarian Worldmind uploaded into her to become a member of the :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; [Nova_Corps     Nova Corps] :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; so she could protect :8.5pt;   :8.5pt; [Richard_Rider     Richard Rider] : :8.5pt;from the Phalanx; eventually killed by Gamora[Kree _note-48     .]
       :8.5pt;Koth :8.5pt;[[:    11.0pt; color:#0B0080  ]] : : 
      Kree Peace Battalion
[Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.231-40    .] : : 
     :8.5pt;Bel-Dann : : 
     :8.5pt;Hav-Ak : : 
     :8.5pt;Klaer : : 
    Zey-Rogg; 

        ;Kree Resistance Front[Kree _note-X-Men_Unlimited_.235-29 .] A group of Kree who desired freedom from [Shi27ar Imperial Titan Empire].

       Bav-Tek -

       /Shym'r        Trigor        Dantella        Visog;

    Malakii ;  ;-

    Lar-Ka ;[Kree _note-Annihilation_.231-49 ] former field commander in United Front who was executed by Ronan[Kree _note-Annihilation_.231-49 ]      Leigh Marshall ;[Kree _note-50 - A Kree who was posing as a human girl on Earth with her father; dated a Skrull boy

     Levan ;[Kree _note-51 - member of Freebooter.

     /;Lon-Lorr[[:      0pt;color:#A55858 The Lunatic Legion ;[Kree _note-52 - a Kree conspiracy group; the first Legion, led by Zarek, was based on the Blue Side of the Moon; the second,[Kree _note-53 ]/;;led by Galen-Kor, was also based on the Moon but were agents of the Supreme Intelligence

     Mac-Ronn ;[Kree _note-54  ;;– Scientist and ally of Ronan

     Malakii ;[[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ];

     [Mar-Vell Captain Marvel (Mar-Vell)] ;[Kree _note-marvel-super-heroes12-55- the Kree's greatest hero, who defected to Earth, later died of cancer; past self was thought to have been transported to the future, but was revealed to be a Skrull named Khn'nr whose conditioning backfired

     Maston-Dar

     [Doctor_Minerva Doctor Minerva (Minn-Erva)] ;[Kree _note-56 - member of Starforce; a geneticist who attempted to mate with Mar-Vell to sire a superior offspring to advance the evolutionary potential of the Kree; used the Psyche-Magnitron to duplicate the powers of Ms. Marvel

     [Imperial_Guard_(comics) 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 M-Nell (Commando)] ;[Kree _note-Imperial_Guard_.231-57- member of the Imperial Guard; joined to symbolize unity between Kree and Imperial Titan Empire

     Mon-Tog ;[Kree _note-58 - a black Kree who is the commander of an outpost near Stent

     Morag ;[Kree _note-59 - a Kree tribal leader from ions ago who oversaw the construction of the Blue Area of the Moon

     Murius ;[Kree _note-Inhumans_.234-60 ;- wife of Falzon and mother of Arides; later killed by her son[Kree _note-Inhumans_.234-60 ]/      Muz-Kott ;[[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 /]

     Nenora ;[Kree _note-61- also known as Agent K; Skrull that infiltrated Kree; former lover of Aptak and agent of Kylor; former chief coordinator of the Supreme Intelligence; she secretly informed Skrulls of Kree plans; she was revealed as a Skrull by S'byll and deposed.[Kree _note-Silver_Surfer_vol._3_.2330-62 ]/      Nep'perr ;[[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 /]

     Nera ;[[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ]

     [Noh-Varr Noh-Varr] ;[Kree _note-63 - A Kree soldier from a parallel reality, called/;;[Marvel_Boy Marvel Boy]; currently stuck on/; [Marvel_Universe Earth-.]; gene-spliced with cockroach-like insect, sole survivor of ship which crashed on Earth; initially captured by the Midas Corporation; imprisoned in the Cube; recruited by Norman Osborn for his/; [Dark_Avengers Dark Avengers], eventually leaves the team upon learning most of its members are villains

     Nos-Verr [Kree _note-Silver_Surfer_vol._3_.2330-62      Om-Fad [Kree _note-Annihilation_Conquest:_Prologue-64 - Lamentis-based member of the Priests of Pama; ally of Quasar (Phyla-Vell) and Moondragon.

     Pap-Tonn   [Kree _note-65 - scientist

     Phae-Dor [Kree _note-66 - former leader of the Kree Science Council; attempted to Capture Mar-Vell from the ship of Dr. Minerva for use in the War of the Three Galaxies

     Phaht [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ];      Por-Bat [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ];      0pt;color:#A55858 The Priests of Pama [Kree _note-67 - Pacifists; trained Libra and Mantis


        [Ronan_the_Accuser   Ronan the Accuser]  [Kree _note-68        - former Supreme Public Accuser of the Kree empire; leader of the Kree Accuser Corps, formerly administered justice on behalf of the Kree, acted for the Imperial Titan Empire once they took over Kree empire, allied himself with Richard Rider during the assault by the Annihilation Wave. Ronan turned the Empire over to the Inhumans and married into the Inhuman Royal Family.

=drafted the record of the events of the Kree/Imperial Titan Empire war that was recovered by the future Lunatic Legion

/wiki/Kree _- had an affair with Genis-Vell


        Sen  [Kree _note-Nova5-34       - killed by the Phalanx[Kree _note-Nova5-34    

        11.0pt; color:#A55858   Shatterax   [Kree _note-71       - member of Star Force; he was cybernetically enhanced

        [Shatterstar_(Kree)    Shatterstar (Arides) ]  [Kree _note-ReferenceA-38       - Kree super soldier prototype; the son of Fal-Zon; he would later kill his mother

        Shymr  [Kree _note-72        - member of the Kree Resistance Front

        Singhre (Shen-Garh)  [Kree _note-Ultra_Girl_.232-23       - one of Ultra-Girl’s would be mentors who posed as her doctor; assumed the identity of Dr Steven Singer.

        Sintaris  [Kree _note-73        - High Kronaster and ambassador to the Intergalactic Council

        Sro-Himm  [Kree _note-74        - member of the Lunatic Legion

        Sta-Ramm  [[:   11.0pt; color:#0B0080  / ]  -

        Starstealth  [Kree _note-Force_Works_.231-75       - Kree warriors attempting to avenge the loss of the Kree/Sh'iar war; formerly imprisoned in the Vault; extradited to an interstellar War-Crimes Tribunal

 -:1.2pt;-left:38.4pt;text-indent:-0.25in;line- :18pt;-position:; ·         Kalum Lo  [Kree _note-76        - A Kree major in the Kree army and leader of Starstealth; he led an assault on Earth that temporarily destroyed/  [Wonder_Man    Wonder Man ].

     Bo’Sun Stug-Bar -

     Zamsed -

        Stug-Bar < [Kree _note-Force_Works_.231-75       ; - member of Starstealth

; ·        [Supreme_Intelligence     Supreme Intelligence ] < [Kree _note-77        ; - collective minds of greatest Kree; supreme ruler of the Kree; originally created in order to lead creation of a counterpart to the Skrull Cosmic Cube; lobotomized by House of Fiyero;[Kree _note-Annihilation_.235-42        ; mercy killed by Ronan[Kree _note-Annihilation_.235-42     The Sentinel robots were created by noted anthropologist Doctor Bolivar Trask, who intended to use them to save humanity from mutants. During a televised debate between Trask and Professor Charles Xavier, Trask revealed their existence and activated the robots. Xavier and Trask were soon kidnapped by the rogue Sentinels and brought to their Master Mold. The X-Men arrived and with the help of Trask, seeing the error in his assumption that all mutants were a threat.

Bolivar's son Larry built the Mark II Sentinels in an attempt to carry out his father's original purpose. Larry had previously been given a medallion by his father to block the Sentinel's from sensing his mutant genes. Trask, unaware of his lineage removed it, and was slain by his creations. Fortunately, the second generation Sentinels were tricked into flying into the sun by Cyclops.

The Asgardian trickster god Loki later magically merged three Sentinels into the massive Tri-Sentinel, and sent the robot to destroy New York City by destroying the nearby nuclear power plant. Spider-Man, aided by the Uni-Power, became Captain Universe, and succeeded in destroying the Tri-Sentinel before in could carry out Loki's endeavor. However, the Tri-Sentinel's remains were gathered by a survivalist group, and rebuilt itself once again attempting to destroy the power plant, but was destroyed on a sub-atomic level by Spider-Man, with the help of Nova (Richard Rider).

Project: Wideawake, a government agency headed by Henry Peter Gyrich, purchased Sentinels built by Sebastian Shaw, the mutant Black King of the Hellfire Club. Wideawake also attempted to recreate Nimrod, an advanced Sentinel that had traveled back in time from Rachel Summers' timeline.

The Dark Beast, in the service of the psychic entity called Onslaught, reprogrammed a number of government-owned Sentinels. These Sentinels were opposed by the combined forces of the X-Men, the Avengers, and numerous other heroes. They also killed the parents of Hallie Takahama (Jolt), and permanently damaged Green Goblin (Phil Urich)'s equipment, forcing him to retire.

In the events of Operation: Zero Tolerance, a number of humans were transformed into cyborg hybrids known as Prime Sentinels. These Sentinels were led by the robotic humanoid Bastion. The Prime Sentinels succeeded in capturing many of the X-Men. However, the President was convinced by Senator Robert Kelly and Gyrich to suspend Bastion's operations and he was captured by Doomwatchers .. Karima Shapander, one of the Prime Sentinels, subsequently had her mind restored by Magneto and Xavier.

In the war against Kang, a squadron of Sentinels was sent to attack his space station. Kang, however, with his advance knowledge of robotics, easily gained control of the Sentinels and sent them back to Earth. During the course of the war, the robotic hero Machine Man was temporarily reprogrammed with Sentinel programming by Bastion.

Cassandra Nova, Professor Xavier's twin sister, convinced the last living relative of Bolivar Trask, Donald Trask III, to activate an abandoned Master Mold in Ecuador. Cassandra duplicated Trask's DNA so she could issue orders to the Sentinels, then used the Master Mold to send two massive, highly adaptive Wild Sentinels to destroy the mutant homeland of Genosha, killing over 16 million mutants. One of these Wild Sentinels was later given a conscience by Danger.

Nova also programmed a number of microscopic, nanite-based Nano-Sentinels to attack the blood cells of the inhabitants of the Xavier Institute, with which infected herself with just as she was captured by Cyclops and Wolverine. The Nano-Sentinels were all destroyed by Xorn except the Sentinels used to restore Professor Xavier's spine and legs.

A deactivated Sentinel was discovered by Juston Seyfert, who rebuilt and reprogrammed it in an attempt to give himself a better life. After the CSA discovered his Sentinel, Juston decided to run away and use the Sentinel's DNA Detection skills in an effort to find his mother, who abandoned him.

In the aftermath of House of M| M-Day , the Office of National Emergency (O.N.E.), a branch of the Department of Homeland Security, had Sentinels instituted at the Xavier Institute to watch over the X-Men. Many X-Men were uncomfortable with this, particularly, Rachel Summers, who considered it a real-life reminder of the anti-mutant future she originates from. This group of Sentinels is unique in that they are piloted armors. The current Sentinel Squad O*N*E was built with the aid of Tony Stark and trained by Jim Rhodes, the former War Machine.


; ·        Talla Ron < [Kree _note-Avengers_.23365-46       ;- member of Galen Kor's Lunatic Legion; he was converted into energy for the Omni-Wave Projector[Kree _note-Avengers_vol._3_.237-36     ]</ 
        Tara<[[:    11.0pt; color:#0B0080  / ]]/  ;-

        Tarnok-Kol< [Kree _note-inhumans1-28 <     /   ;- a Major in the Kree army

        < Tar-Rell</ < [[: < 11.0pt; color:#0B0080         < Tellis</ < [[: < 11.0pt; color:#0B0080         Ten-Cor/ [Kree _note-Annihilation_Conquest:_Prologue-64 /  ;- worked alongside/  ;  ;[Star-Lord Peter Quill/ ]/  ;  ;on Hala until being assimilated by the Phalanx

        Tiptoe/ [Kree _note-Nova5-34 /  ;- stationed on Drez-Lar under Ko-Rel; killed by Gamora and the Phalanx[Kree _note-Nova5-34 ]/         Tir-Zar/ [Kree _note-78 /  ;- served under Yon-Rogg

        Tokk/ [Kree _note-Quicksilver_.2310-45 /  ;-

        Tol-Nokk/ [Kree _note-inhumans1-28 /  ;- assassin

        Trigor/ [[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ]]/ /  ;-

        Tus-Katt/ [Kree _note-79 /  ;- coordinator for the Supreme Intelligence

        [Ultimus_(comics) Ultimus/ ]'/ [Kree _note-80 /  ;- Kree Eternal; also known as/  ; Demon Druid/  ;[Kree _note-81 ]//  ;  ;member of Starforce; buried under Stonehenge . years ago by Tantalus; adopted a new name when he learned of his true origin from the Supreme Intelligence

        Una/ [Kree _note-marvel-er-heroes12-55 /  ;- medic stationed under Yon-Rogg; was the romantic interest of Mar-Vell; killed by a stray blast during a battle with the Aakon;[Kree _note-82 ]//  ;  ;buried on an asteroid circling Mars

        Una-Rogg/ - the daughter of Yon-Rogg and an enemy of Genis

        Uni/ [Kree _note-Captain_Marvel_vol._4_.233-37 /  ;- part of expedition to conquer Toped

        Visog[[: 11.0pt; color:#0B0080 / ]]//         Vron-Ikka/ [Kree _note-83 /  ;- a Major in the Kree army; slept with Rick Jones in an attempt to gain the rights to his memoirs; believed they held the secret to his Destiny Power

        William Kevin Wagner/ [Kree _note-84 /  ;- a Kree living as a human; lover of/  ;  ;[Carol_Danvers Carol Danvers/ ]; blackmailed into staying away from Carol by Sarah Day

        Yan/ [Kree _note-Nova4-27 /  ;- killed by the Phalanx[Kree _note-Nova5-34 ]/         [Yon-Rogg Yon-Rogg/ [Kree _note-marvel-er-heroes12-55 /  ;(deceased) - A Kree colonel who is the father of Zey-Rogg and Una-Rogg; led the Helion in mission to investigate Earth; former erior to Mar-Vell; later opposed him.

        Zam/ [Kree _note-Nova5-34 /  ;- son of Ko-Rel (Nova .)

        [Zarek_(comics) Zarek/ [Kree _note-marvel-super-heroes12-55 /  ;- Prime Minister

        Zenna/ [Kree _note-Force_Works_.231-75 / ";- member of Starstealth

        Zen-Pram/ [Kree _note-untold-legend-1-31 " / ";- Commander in the Kree army; captured and hatched into a Brood; killed by Mar-Vell[Kree _note-Untold-32 " ]/ "     Zey-Rogg/ [Kree _note-captain-marvel4-21 " / ";- son of Yon-Rogg; brother of Una-Rogg; transported to the/";";[Microverse "Microverse/ ]/";";by Captain Marvel and wounded by an execution squad intending to assassinate Rick Jones

" "-;-:;" " " ;;        / / Zyro/ [Kree _note-85 " / ";- technician serving under Yon-Rogg

0.05in;line-height:12. ;-position:;-:;" "11.5pt;Hybrids/ "12pt;["color:#0B0080"edit/ ]/ "11.5pt;/

       / / Candidie/ [[: "11.0pt; color:#0B0080"/ ]]/ / ";-

       / / [Ms._Marvel "Carol Danvers/ [[: "11.0pt; color:#0B0080"/ ]]/ / ";- Earth erheroine who was genetically modified by accident; is effectively half-Kree

       [Jovian Primatives ling "Dorrek VIIITeddy Altman (Jovian Primatives ling) [Kree _note-86 " ";- member of the Young Avengers; son of Mar-Vell and Princess Anelle making him half-Kreehalf-Skrull; lover of Billy Kaplan (Wiccan); was taken to Earth where he was raised

       [Genis-Vell "Genis-Vell (Captain MarvelPhoton) [[: "11.0pt; color:#0B0080" ]] ";- former member of the Thunderbolts; genetically engineered son of Mar-Vell and Elysius who was artificially aged to adulthood and imbued with memories of growing up on Titan; Killed by Baron Zemo[[: "11.0pt; color:#0B0080" ]]         ;Hav-Rogg  ;[Kree _note-captain-marvel4-21 ] ;;- son of Zey-Rogg and grandson of Yon-Rogg

-;-:;"        ;[Phyla-Vell  Phyla-Vell (Quasar)]   ;[[:  11.0pt; color:#0B0080";;- genetic daughter of Mar-Vell and Elysius; created in an alternate timeline that was woven into current reality (Earth-.) when Genis led Entropy to remake the universe; developed romance with Moondragon; gained Quantum Bands after taking them from Annihilus
-;-:;"        [Ultra_Girl  Ultra Girl (Suzanna ShermanTzu-Zana)]   [Kree _note-Ultra_Girl_.231-17  ] ; - an Earth superheroine who is a Kree savior, she is a KreeHuman mutant[[:Citation_needed  11.0pt; color:#0B0080"citation needed]];;and former member of the New Warriors; currently a member of the Initiative[Kree _note-87   ]

ại)]] The Titans = The Titans are fictional beings ,seemingly giant armored warriors was created by scientific experimentation, engineered for a very high intelligence. The super-intelligent, totally evil and emotionless The Titans characterised by an unusually large bulbous skull (containing a massive brain) with an accompanying small and feeble body. To compensate for this he uses a magnetically-paragravity powered armoured flying chair to get around.As such The Titans true appearance is they have a swollen head containing his massive brain and atrophied body, and moved around on a levitating chair.Later on,the chair,is consealled inside the head and chest area of huge robots. He typically invented new superweapons in the pursuit of his goal: the domination of the universe for the purpose of scientific research. Always returns. His character is the exact antithesis of Dan's. He cheats, lies and is without any emotion, save perhaps that of revenge. In the recent times the Atlanteans began took his nickname "Melonhead" literally and showed his cranium shiny smooth pink cantaloupe heads

The Titans were apparently an artificially engineered race, created by the Olympians as a means create highly intelligent beings. Named Old Titans or Ancient Titans because they knew the fact they were created, they believed they could only aspire to be good creations, since the proven existence of "Superior Being" would always remind them they were inferior no matter what they achieved. Minus the religious concept of faith, Old Titans s or Ancient Titans developed a species-wide inferiority complex that eventually drove them to scour space in search of their gods. Once called "Old Titans or Ancient Titans ", the Titans are warlike and seek the extermination of all religions and religious species.Within there armor the Titans are slightly larger and stronger than humans,with all sorts of consealled weapons and device hidden within the armor.Titans are capable of communicating with humanoids, but it is unclear whether this is through speech or some form of telepathy. The Titans claim that they did not evolve naturally, but were instead created by a powerful race of superberies the Olympians which they worshiped as a god. For a time, they lived peacefully and revered their creators, but eventually they became frustrated by its existence and superior power,plus the lack of neglect by the Olympians. Eventually they traveled into space, found a creature that they identified as their creator and killed it. They renamed themselves the Titans and convinced themselves that they had destroyed God. Discovering that many other species still worshiped, they set out to exterminate all religions. The Titans Empire spaceships are highly advanced, comparable in power to those of the Olympians. Their warship designs emphasize superior firepower rather than armour or agility. The Titans also utilize advanced biological weapons: examples include a nano based virus deployed by space mines and large spider-like travel unite,that deployed from hover chair,plus the giant robotic Titan Armor,it can placed within.Their greatest achievements is the improvements of the Rho-Shonn Terraforming Planetary System into the Gravis-Rho Weapon System. . Flush with victory, they traveled the stars, expecting some acknowledgement of their great deed since they believed that their “Superior Being” was everyone’s god, only to find that no other race they encountered considered the Titan’s “Superior Being” as any way related to their own perspective pantheons and belief systems. Angered at the other races refusal to acknowledge “God” was truly dead, the Titans began a crusade to force other planets to convert to Atheism in order to progress in the universe; any planet that refused was deemed dangerously inferior, and the Titans would exterminate all life on that world.

Titans ==

Titan (mythology) Contents • 1 The Twelve • 2 The Titan Gods War o 2.1 From Maveric Universe Wiki o 2.2 Powers and abilities[edit] o 2.3 [edit]

Height 12’; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 5’8” Weight 750 lbs.; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 165 lbs. Eyes White; (Kronus Rhagnharr) Brown-everyone various Hair Brown Mathematics degree, possibly higher


== Fictional [edit == ]

The Titans are a race of white-skinned humanoids from the northern hemisphere of the planet Titans 4,also known as Titanus 4 .The true Titans come a region,named the Olympians called τιτανος, signifying white earth, clay or gypsum, and that the Titans were "white clay men", or men covered by white clay or gypsum dust in their appearance. The southern hemisphere is inhabited by the Therans, a human-like race with an obvious affinity to humanity on other star systems . The Theran are a pink-skinned people whose ancestors came from the Atlantean Homeworld untold years previously in Great Sleepers Ships,like the Titans. The Theron Mountains (79°05′S 028°15′W) are a group of mountains, extending in a NE-SW direction for 45 kilometres (28 mi) and rising 1,175 metres (3,855 ft), on the eastern side of the Flecker Ice Shelf. The Theron Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (CTAE) The Titans share the northern hamisphere with the Atlas Mountains,on Thessaly Coaste of North Anavharrah Anavra (Greek: Ανάβρα) is a village and a former community in Magnesia, Thessaly, North Anavharrah. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Almyros, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] According to the census of 2001 the population of Anavra was 987 citizens. The village of Anavra is located on the West side of Mount Othrys, at a height of 900 metres above the sea level, 72 Kilometres from Magnesia's administrative center of Volos and close to the border of Phthiotis. Visitors will be delighted by the natural environment, with its dense vegetation and clear waters. The Enipeas river, which is atributary of the Pineios, starts at the springs of Anavra and passes through the village for two kilometres. According to Mythology Anavran is connected with livestock activities. Almost all the inhabitants are employed in farming and herding. the Rigellians are a scientifically and technologically advanced Titans race devoted towards amassing an empire via colonization The leader of the Titans is the Supreme Titan , an individual specifically engineered to have a high intelligence. The Titans are portrayed as mostly unemotional without the usual human feelings about the sanctity of life. In ancient times, they lived as savage jungle tribes permanently involved in tribal wars amongst themselves, until in a major war the Therons occupied the northern hemisphere by force in an attempt to civilize the Titans . The attempt failed and the Therons later abandoned the Titans to their own devices.

The Titans EDIT

SHARE =

Contents[show] The Titans = The Titans are fictional beings ,seemingly giant armored warriors was created by scientific experimentation, engineered for a very high intelligence. The super-intelligent, totally evil and emotionless The Titans characterised by an unusually large bulbous skull (containing a massive brain) with an accompanying small and feeble body. To compensate for this he uses a magnetically-paragravity powered armoured flying chair to get around.As such The Titans true appearance is they have a swollen head containing his massive brain and atrophied body, and moved around on a levitating chair.Later on,the chair,is consealled inside the head and chest area of huge robots. He typically invented new superweapons in the pursuit of his goal: the domination of the universe for the purpose of scientific research. Always returns. His character is the exact antithesis of Dan's. He cheats, lies and is without any emotion, save perhaps that of revenge. In the recent times the Atlanteans began took his nickname "Melonhead" literally and showed his cranium shiny smooth pink cantaloupe heads

The Titans were apparently an artificially engineered race, created by the Olympians as a means create highly intelligent beings. Named Old Titans or Ancient Titans because they knew the fact they were created, they believed they could only aspire to be good creations, since the proven existence of "Superior Being" would always remind them they were inferior no matter what they achieved. Minus the religious concept of faith, Old Titans s or Ancient Titans developed a species-wide inferiority complex that eventually drove them to scour space in search of their gods. Once called "Old Titans or Ancient Titans ", the Titans are warlike and seek the extermination of all religions and religious species.Within there armor the Titans are slightly larger and stronger than humans,with all sorts of consealled weapons and device hidden within the armor.Titans are capable of communicating with humanoids, but it is unclear whether this is through speech or some form of telepathy. The Titans claim that they did not evolve naturally, but were instead created by a powerful race of superberies the Olympians which they worshiped as a god. For a time, they lived peacefully and revered their creators, but eventually they became frustrated by its existence and superior power,plus the lack of neglect by the Olympians. Eventually they traveled into space, found a creature that they identified as their creator and killed it. They renamed themselves the Titans and convinced themselves that they had destroyed God. Discovering that many other species still worshiped, they set out to exterminate all religions. The Titans Empire spaceships are highly advanced, comparable in power to those of the Olympians. Their warship designs emphasize superior firepower rather than armour or agility. The Titans also utilize advanced biological weapons: examples include a nano based virus deployed by space mines and large spider-like travel unite,that deployed from hover chair,plus the giant robotic Titan Armor,it can placed within.Their greatest achievements is the improvements of the Rho-Shonn Terraforming Planetary System into the Gravis-Rho Weapon System. . Flush with victory, they traveled the stars, expecting some acknowledgement of their great deed since they believed that their “Superior Being” was everyone’s god, only to find that no other race they encountered considered the Titan’s “Superior Being” as any way related to their own perspective pantheons and belief systems. Angered at the other races refusal to acknowledge “God” was truly dead, the Titans began a crusade to force other planets to convert to Atheism in order to progress in the universe; any planet that refused was deemed dangerously inferior, and the Titans would exterminate all life on that world.


----  Titans Edit

Titan (mythology) Contents • 1 The Twelve • 2 The Titan Gods War o 2.1 From Maveric Universe Wiki o 2.2 Powers and abilities[edit] o 2.3 [edit]

Height 12’; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 5’8” Weight 750 lbs.; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 165 lbs. Eyes White; (Kronus Rhagnharr) Brown-everyone various Hair Brown Mathematics degree, possibly higher


== Fictional [edit == ]

The Titans are a race of white-skinned humanoids from the northern hemisphere of the planet Titans 4,also known as Titanus 4 .The true Titans come a region,named the Olympians called τιτανος, signifying white earth, clay or gypsum, and that the Titans were "white clay men", or men covered by white clay or gypsum dust in their appearance.The southern hemisphere is inhabited by the Therans, a human-like race with an obvious affinity to humanity on other star systems . The Theran are a pink-skinned people whose ancestors came from the Atlantean Homeworld untold years previously in Great Sleepers Ships,like the Titans. The Theron Mountains (79°05′S 028°15′W) are a group of mountains, extending in a NE-SW direction for 45 kilometres (28 mi) and rising 1,175 metres (3,855 ft), on the eastern side of the Flecker Ice Shelf. The Theron Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (CTAE) The Titans share the northern hamisphere with the Atlas Mountains,on Thessaly Coaste of North Anavharrah Anavra (Greek: Ανάβρα) is a village and a former community in Magnesia, Thessaly, North Anavharrah. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Almyros, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] According to the census of 2001 the population of Anavra was 987 citizens. The village of Anavra is located on the West side of Mount Othrys, at a height of 900 metres above the sea level, 72 Kilometres from Magnesia's administrative center of Volos and close to the border of Phthiotis. Visitors will be delighted by the natural environment, with its dense vegetation and clear waters. The Enipeas river, which is atributary of the Pineios, starts at the springs of Anavra and passes through the village for two kilometres. According to Mythology Anavran is connected with livestock activities. Almost all the inhabitants are employed in farming and herding. the Rigellians are a scientifically and technologically advanced Titans race devoted towards amassing an empire via colonization The leader of the Titans is the Supreme Titan , an individual specifically engineered to have a high intelligence. The Titans are portrayed as mostly unemotional without the usual human feelings about the sanctity of life. In ancient times, they lived as savage jungle tribes permanently involved in tribal wars amongst themselves, until in a major war the Therons occupied the northern hemisphere by force in an attempt to civilize the Titans . The attempt failed and the Therons later abandoned the Titans to their own devices.


== History

==

=


The Titans'=Edit

The Titans are fictional beings ,seemingly giant armored warriors was created by scientific experimentation, engineered for a very high intelligence. The super-intelligent, totally evil and emotionless The Titans characterised by an unusually large bulbous skull (containing a massive brain) with an accompanying small and feeble body. To compensate for this he uses a magnetically-paragravity powered armoured flying chair to get around.As such The Titans true appearance is they have a swollen head containing his massive brain and atrophied body, and moved around on a levitating chair.Later on,the chair,is consealled inside the head and chest area of huge robots. He typically invented new superweapons in the pursuit of his goal: the domination of the universe for the purpose of scientific research. Always returns. His character is the exact antithesis of Dan's. He cheats, lies and is without any emotion, save perhaps that of revenge. In the recent times the Atlanteans began took his nickname "Melonhead" literally and showed his cranium shiny smooth pink cantaloupe heads

The Titans were apparently an artificially engineered race, created by the Olympians as a means create highly intelligent beings. Named Old Titans or Ancient Titans because they knew the fact they were created, they believed they could only aspire to be good creations, since the proven existence of "Superior Being" would always remind them they were inferior no matter what they achieved. Minus the religious concept of faith, Old Titans s or Ancient Titans developed a species-wide inferiority complex that eventually drove them to scour space in search of their gods. Once called "Old Titans or Ancient Titans ", the Titans are warlike and seek the extermination of all religions and religious species.Within there armor the Titans are slightly larger and stronger than humans,with all sorts of consealled weapons and device hidden within the armor.Titans are capable of communicating with humanoids, but it is unclear whether this is through speech or some form of telepathy. The Titans claim that they did not evolve naturally, but were instead created by a powerful race of superberies the Olympians which they worshiped as a god. For a time, they lived peacefully and revered their creators, but eventually they became frustrated by its existence and superior power,plus the lack of neglect by the Olympians. Eventually they traveled into space, found a creature that they identified as their creator and killed it. They renamed themselves the Titans and convinced themselves that they had destroyed God. Discovering that many other species still worshiped, they set out to exterminate all religions. The Titans Empire spaceships are highly advanced, comparable in power to those of the Olympians. Their warship designs emphasize superior firepower rather than armour or agility. The Titans also utilize advanced biological weapons: examples include a nano based virus deployed by space mines and large spider-like travel unite,that deployed from hover chair,plus the giant robotic Titan Armor,it can placed within.Their greatest achievements is the improvements of the Rho-Shonn Terraforming Planetary System into the Gravis-Rho Weapon System. . Flush with victory, they traveled the stars, expecting some acknowledgement of their great deed since they believed that their “Superior Being” was everyone’s god, only to find that no other race they encountered considered the Titan’s “Superior Being” as any way related to their own perspective pantheons and belief systems. Angered at the other races refusal to acknowledge “God” was truly dead, the Titans began a crusade to force other planets to convert to Atheism in order to progress in the universe; any planet that refused was deemed dangerously inferior, and the Titans would exterminate all life on that world.



== ----

  Titans'==

Titan (mythology)Edit

Contents • 1 The Twelve • 2 The Titan Gods War o 2.1 From Maveric Universe Wiki o 2.2 Powers and abilities[edit] o 2.3 [edit]

Height 12’; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 5’8” Weight 750 lbs.; (Kronus Rhagnharr) 165 lbs. Eyes White; (Kronus Rhagnharr) Brown-everyone various Hair Brown Mathematics degree, possibly higher



== Fictional [edit'== ]

The Titans are a race of white-skinned humanoids from the northern hemisphere of the planet Titans 4,also known as Titanus 4 .The true Titans come a region,named the Olympians called τιτανος, signifying white earth, clay or gypsum, and that the Titans were "white clay men", or men covered by white clay or gypsum dust in their appearance.The southern hemisphere is inhabited by the Therans, a human-like race with an obvious affinity to humanity on other star systems . The Theran are a pink-skinned people whose ancestors came from the Atlantean Homeworld untold years previously in Great Sleepers Ships,like the Titans. The Theron Mountains (79°05′S 028°15′W) are a group of mountains, extending in a NE-SW direction for 45 kilometres (28 mi) and rising 1,175 metres (3,855 ft), on the eastern side of the Flecker Ice Shelf. The Theron Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (CTAE) The Titans share the northern hamisphere with the Atlas Mountains,on Thessaly Coaste of North Anavharrah Anavra (Greek: Ανάβρα) is a village and a former community in Magnesia, Thessaly, North Anavharrah. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Almyros, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] According to the census of 2001 the population of Anavra was 987 citizens. The village of Anavra is located on the West side of Mount Othrys, at a height of 900 metres above the sea level, 72 Kilometres from Magnesia's administrative center of Volos and close to the border of Phthiotis. Visitors will be delighted by the natural environment, with its dense vegetation and clear waters. The Enipeas river, which is atributary of the Pineios, starts at the springs of Anavra and passes through the village for two kilometres. According to Mythology Anavran is connected with livestock activities. Almost all the inhabitants are employed in farming and herding. the Rigellians are a scientifically and technologically advanced Titans race devoted towards amassing an empire via colonization The leader of the Titans is the Supreme Titan , an individual specifically engineered to have a high intelligence. The Titans are portrayed as mostly unemotional without the usual human feelings about the sanctity of life. In ancient times, they lived as savage jungle tribes permanently involved in tribal wars amongst themselves, until in a major war the Therons occupied the northern hemisphere by force in an attempt to civilize the Titans . The attempt failed and the Therons later abandoned the Titans to their own devices.



== History

==

The Titans were a humanoid species that were once known as the Elder Titans that were the products of genetic breeding to create Olympians of higher intelligence. The Elder Titans was believed to be their gods and that they were created in their image. In their early existence, the Titans aspired to be good creations as they were secure in the knowledge that there was a superior beings.But in time,the Titan,being separated by their forbares the Olympians grew to resent them and all of the homeworld of Atlantis,who not inflected the malformations,that inflected their species. However, this knowledge proved to be galling for the species as they believed whatever they achieved would be pointless as they were inferior creatures of the Elder Titans and other Elder Races aswell. This became too much for the New Titans who acted as one and scoured space in order to slay those they believe were the Elder gods.The Titans turned the Atlanteans natural enemies,the Tauron Alliance,who technology desired to help the oversized headed being overcome their weaknesses and improve certain machines of their allies,in return for helping the alliance weapon new weapons of war.In time,the Titans evolved from large headed being,using hoverchairs to incorporating that into a kind of huge Titan Travel Unite or Robot Armor.

The Titan racial movement was a racial grouping commonly used in the period of the late 19th century to the mid 20th century to describe peoples of European and Western Titan heritage. It derives from the idea that the original speakers of the Indo-European languages and their descendants up to the present day constitute a distinctive race or subrace of the larger Old Titan.The Titans needed to build up national pride,due mainly because cultural inferiority complex and best way was build themselves by throwing distain toward orhers racial faults.It time this movement grew into larger movement of national pride,that transformed into The National Socialist Titan Unity Party.Worship of the Titan Pride replaced their once adoration of their creators the Olympians.This movement also drew the Titans to drawn toward support from the Tauron Alliance-mainly the Taurons and the Acherhons,to they share ideological,social and political viewpoints. While originally meant simply as a neutral ethno-linguistic classification, from the late 19th century onwards the concept of the Titan race has been used by proponents of ideologically-motivated racism and white supremacism such as in doctrines of Titanism and neo-Titanism. Titanism developed as a racial ideology that claimed that the New Titan race was a master race of the planet.

The Titan economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of the First Titan World War with the Theran Federation, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Vhassalley forcibly accepted by Rhagghoth Royal Family . The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, Theran troops occupied Titan industrial areas along the Rugharr Valley. Widespread civil unrest was the result. The National Socialist Titan Unity Party was the renamed successor of the Titan Workers' Party founded in 1919, one of several far-right political parties active in Titan y at the time.The party platform included removal of the failing Rhagghoth Republic, rejection of the terms of the Treaty of Vhassalley , radical antisemitism, and anti-Bolshevism. They promised a strong central government, increased living space for Titan ic peoples, formation of a national community based on race, and racial cleansing via the active suppression of Therans, who would be stripped of their citizenship and civil rights. The Nationalist Titan Movement proposed national and cultural renewal based upon the Titan Nationality anti-communist, anti-immigration, anti-capitalist and anti-Parliamentarian principles of "national community" came more and more to exclude Theran and those who defended them.. A number of the National Titanist-populist movements that had developed during the late 19th century in the Titan Empire, under the impress of National Romanticism, were reorganized along propagandistic lines after the Titan defeat in Titan World War , as the word "the people" became increasingly politicized as a flag for new forms of ethnic nationalism. Yet at the same time, Nationalist Titan Movement was also used by the international socialist parties in the Titan lands as a synonym for the proletariat or common worker. The Nationalist Titan Movement movement was a force as well in Austria.[6] From the left, elements of the folk-culture spread to the parties of the middle-classes. But whereas Nationalist Titan Movement could mean "proletariat" among the left, it meant more particularly "race" among the center and right. Although the primary interest of the Titan ic mystical movement was the revival of native pagan traditions and customs (often set in the context of a quasi-theosophical esotericism), a marked preoccupation with purity of race came to motivate its more politically oriented offshoots such as the Titanic Order. This latter was a secret society (founded at Berlin in 1912) which required its candidates to prove that they had no "non-Titan " bloodlines and required from each a promise to maintain purity of his stock in marriage. Local groups of the sect met to celebrate the summer solstice, an important neopagan festivity in Nationalist Titan Movement circles and later in Titan Fasium, and more regularly to read the Elder Titan Mythologies as well as some of the Titan mystics preachings-some beleave was made as apart of the Titanic Nationist Movement or Nationalist Titan Movement as is also called. This branch of the Nationalist Titan Movement movement quickly developed a hyper-nationalist sentiment and allied itself with anti-semitism, then rising throughout the Western world.

National Titan Movement ideology was mostly identified some of the more "respectable" and centrist channels through which these sensibilities flowed in school texts that transmitted a Romantic view of a "pure" Titanic past,mostly also centered the nature-oriented Titan Youth Movement or New Titan Movement improve the breed through genetic and technologicalimprovements, Many novels were written with an ideally ruthless Titan heroes of the past and present altered to fit more with National Titan Movement ideology.The past Histories were all but abolished and whole histories rewritten to adhere more to national policies of Titanic Pride.Rewrite the past,was new Titan motto-tell a lie often enough and hard enough,until it replaces the truth to become the truth. Not all folkloric societies with connections to Romantic nationalism were located in Titan Realm. The community of Monte 'Mount Truth') which emerged in 1900 at Ascona, Switzerland, is described by the Swiss art critic Harald Szeemann as "the southernmost outpost of a far-reaching Nordic life-reform, that is, alternative movement".It embraced a mix of anarchism, libertarian communism and various forms of artistic bohemianism and neopaganism

When the Theran Federation economy crashed , the impact in Titan was dire. Millions were thrown out of work, and several major banks collapsed.The Titan economy also took a major crash downward

Hitler and the NSDAP prepared to take advantage of the emergency to gain support for their party. They promised to strengthen the economy and provide jobs.Many voters decided the NSDAP was capable of restoring order, quelling civil unrest, and improving Titan Empires international reputation. After the federal election of 1932, the Nationalist Titan Movement were the largest party in the Imperial Titan Senate, holding 230 seats with 37.4 per cent of the popular vote


 Technology Level  

While capable of installer travel, it is unclear if their simple hi-tech designs are extremely advanced or extremely crude in nature, with most of their advancements concentrated in weapons capable of destroying planetary surfaces from their spaceships

They ultimately found the Olympians and proved themselves a superior race by exterminating it whereupon they took the name of the Titans . Afterwards, the Titans believed to expect some acknowledgement for their actions but only encountered other civilizations still worshipping a deity. This led to the species exterminating these Titans races as they believed them to be inferior by still worshipping a god Once called "Old Titans or Ancient Titans ", the Titans are warlike and seek the extermination of all religions and religious species. Slightly larger and stronger than humans, they have claws and are covered with quills. Titans are capable of communicating with humans, but it is unclear whether this is through speech or some form of telepathy. The Titans claim that they did not evolve naturally, but were instead created by a powerful race of superberies the Olympians which they worshiped as a god. For a time, they lived peacefully and revered their creators, but eventually they became frustrated by its existence and superior power,plus the lack of neglect by the Olympians. Eventually they traveled into space, found a creature that they identified as their creator and killed it. They renamed themselves the Titans and convinced themselves that they had destroyed God. Discovering that many other species still worshiped, they set out to exterminate all religions. Titans spaceships are highly advanced, comparable in power to those of the Olympians. Their warship designs emphasize superior firepower rather than armour or agility. The Titans also utilize advanced biological weapons: examples include a nano based virus deployed by space mines and large spider-like travel unite,that deployed from hover chair,plus the giant robotic Titan Armor,it can placed within.Their greatest achievements is the improvements of the Rho-Shonn Terraforming Planetary System into the Gravis-Rho Weapon System. Flush with victory, they traveled the stars, expecting some acknowledgement of their great deed since they believed that their “Superior Being” was everyone’s god, only to find that no other race they encountered considered the Titan’s “Superior Being” as any way related to their own perspective pantheons and belief systems. Angered at the other races refusal to acknowledge “God” was truly dead, the Titans began a crusade to force other planets to convert to Atheism in order to progress in the universe; any planet that refused was deemed dangerously inferior, and the Titans would exterminate all life on that world.


Soon after, Titan scientists created the first true Titan as a "super-brain" to rule over the Titan race. The Older Titan developed Titan society into a highly organized militaristic logic-based society where orders are obeyed without query, and which is usually in a state of hostility with the Therons and other star systems , both of whose lands they have on occasion occupied. Their capital city is called Titan ta and is on islands in a lake. The Atlantines are usually ignored by the Titans , and live in primitive conditions.

Many Titan are horribly scarred and crippled, a condition that various attribute to his laboratory being attacked by Tl.Titan has one functioning hand and one cybernetic eye mounted on his forehead to take the place of his real eyes, which appear to have been fused shut; for much of his existence he depends completely upon a self-designed mobile life-support chair which encloses the lower half of his body. It would become an obvious inspiration for his eventual design of the Titan Mobile Travel Unites or later known as Titan Armor.. The condition of the lower half of his body is unknown; he is physically incapable of leaving the chair without dying. Titan 's voice, like those of the Titan , is electronically distorted. His manner of speech is generally soft and contemplative, but when angered or excited he is prone to ranting outbursts that resemble the hysterical, staccatissimo speech of the Titan . Titan are a megalomaniac who believes that through thier creations, the Titan Armor, can them become the supreme being and ruler of the universe.Titan are brilliant, ruthless scientist who has demonstrated mastery of robotics, mechatronics, metallurgy, chemistry, artificial intelligence, cloning, genetic engineering,biology, physics, astronomy, earth science, military tactics, cybernetics and mechanical engineering. c. 19,000,000,000 BCE -- THE BIG BANG. Primordial plasm is hurled from the explosion, coalescing into galaxies, clusters, stars, planets, & other cosmic phenomena. c. 18,000,000,000 BCE -- The Ego Source (also referred to simply as 'the Source') expresses itself with the creation of Godworld. c. 5,000,000,000 BCE -- The Titans begin work the titanic automaton Proto type Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems based on the Rho-Shonn Terra Formation Systems,that was created travel the infinite worlds of the Universe and reform them as habital new worlds. Rho-Shonn,a creation of the Acherhons,for use by the Taurons create new habital colonies,is commanded by a crew of Titans.The Titans share a telepathic symbiosis with the Rho-Shonn. Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems include Harbinger Class vessels,No Rhadd Probes and Gravis-Rho Worldships,as the Titan Navies primary homebase of operation. Proto type Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems battles the Rho-Shonn being

The Titan Gods War as is soon refered to begins, decimating many colonial worlds of Atlantean Alliance. The commission of new Gravis-Rho star fleets are underway,all named after ancient rulers of the Tauron Empire. The HMSS Thanos-Rho. The HMSS Promethean , HMSS Shurtur-Rho, The HMSS Khalibann-Rho, The HMSS Mann Gharr Rho, and The HMSS Yheemharr-Rho, The HMSS Armaggeddon-Rho, HMSS Mephistarr Rho, and HMSS Mephistron Rho are put into survice and scattered throughout deepspace at stragetic locations.

.

Star Sol ign ites. [Scientific Theory] c. 4,800,000,000 BCE -- The colony of New Asguard, Asguardolips,of the Plains of Yggrdasill is devastated by the Titans and Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems .The other Nine Worlds of Asguard-Prime emerge from the remnants of the New Asguard colony. The commission of new Gravis-Rho star fleets are underway,all named after ancient rulers of the Tauron Empire. The HMSS Thanos-Rho. The HMSS Promethean , HMSS Shurtur-Rho, The HMSS Khalibann-Rho, The HMSS Mann Gharr Rho, and The HMSS Yheemharr-Rho, The HMSS Armaggeddon-Rho, HMSS Mephistarr Rho, and HMSS Mephistron Rho are put into survice and scattered throughout deepspace at stragetic locations.


are bound to the living rock called the Ego-Mass to await their destinies as architects of the end day. Apokolips, Proto type Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems , having been tested successful, become the primary weapon system powered by great Tauron zero point energy genarators are first line of defence of the Titan Empire. any longer and is driven to drain the lifeblood of planets to recharge his energy-cells. His original programming is also corrupted, leading to his obsession with gathering data by preserving isolated samples of each world's culture in his vast collection. This event has been theorized to take place, in order to fill in gaps within Amalgam Continuity. c. 4,400,000,000 BCE -- The Planet Titans forms. [Scientific Theory] c. 4,000,000,000 BCE -- Horrified by what Proto type Gravis-Rho Weapon Systems has become, Oa establishes protectors for different parts of the galaxy, empowered by power battery conduits fueled from the emerald flame that burns within the Living Planet. This event has been theorized to take place, in order to fill in gaps within Amalgam Continuity. c. 3,500,000,000 BCE -- Life appears on Titans . [Scientific Theory] c. 3,000,000,000 BCE --

Supreme Lord Oranos Rhagnharr and Supreme Lady Gaia Rhagnharr is appointed to be Supreme Titans by the Titan Empire, and in turn uses his power to establish the Titan Army, dividing his forces amongst 360 Titan Soldiers and 360 Titan Space Marines. This An current Titans race performs genetic experimentation on younger Titans in hopes of creating a superior life form. The result is the birth of a new breed of Titan warriors . Although paralleling Marvel continuity would suggest that the Kree were responsible for the Titans , it is proposed here that the scientists of New Asgard brought about this sub-species of humanity, in order to justify the similarities between the Titans and the Forever People of the New Gods in the DCU. Conjecture: War breaks out between Titans and Olympians due to the machinations of Supreme Titans , which includes the Titans among its battlegrounds. The Titans and the Tauron Alliance forge a pact uniting their worlds against the Atlantean Allies,which includes many of the Lords of Light-the Sidaireans,the Galaxeans,the Serapheans and so on


== '


 Overview==


In the past, the Titans believed that they had killed a entity that had created their race and that this act proved that god was dead. Thus, this showed that god was dead and that they themselves were a superior form of life. As a result, they exterminated any civilization that believed in a god unless they recanted their religion and grew as a species. They reasoned that this was for the good of all as those chained to worship were an impediment to progress

1 The Twelve Edit The twelve Titans[2] first appear in literature in Hesiod's Theogony, when Gaia Rhagnharr and Oranos Rhagnharr mate to produce Oceanos Rhagnharr, Coeu gfs, Crius Rhagnharr, Hyperion Rhagnharr, Iapetos Rhagnharr, Theia Rhagnharr, Rhea Rhagnharr, Themis Rhagnharr, Mnemosyne Rhagnharr, Phoebe Rhagnharr, Tethy Rhagnharr, and Kronos Rhagnharr. Got it! This website uses cookies. By using this site or closing this message you`re agreeing to Cookies policy

greek mythology

Search...


HOME THE TITANS THE OLYMPIAN GODS OTHER DEITIES GREEK HEROES MYTHICAL CREATURES ANCIENT GREECE Home The Titans The Titans The mighty Titans were a powerful race that ruled the world before Olympians, in a time of the Golden Age of men. They were immortal giants of incredible strength and knowledge of old religion rituals and magic. They are also known as the Elder Gods and their dwelling place was at Mount Othrys. In Greek culture they were interpreted as personifications of the earth (Gaea) and the sky or heavens (Uranus).

The first generation of Titans were descendants of Gaea and Uranus who originally gave birth to Twelve Titans, six males and six females. Males were Coeus, Cronus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Oceanus and females were Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Theia, Themis and Tethys. They arose to power when Cronus, in a plot with his mother and his brothers, castrated his father Uranus and took the rulership of Cosmos from him. More details about this conflict can be found in the Genesis


During this reign, some brothers and sisters consorted with each other while others consorted with sons and daughters of their relatives and gave birth to the second generation of Titans. Hyperion and Theia gave birth to Eos, Helios and Selene, while Coeus and Phoebe brought forth Leto and Asteria. Oceanus and Tethys gave birth to Oceanids and Potamoi who are in general not referred as Titans. However, an Oceanid Clymene, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, helped Iapetus to continue the next generation and bore him Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius. Crius and his half-sister Eurybia, a daughter of Gaea and Pontus, brought forth Astraeus, Pallas and Perses and, eventually, Cronus and Rhea gave birth to younger gods, Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Hestia and Demeter who rebelled against Cronus and his followers and later defeated them in a ten-year war, known as Titanomachy. They called themselves the Olympian Gods, after Mount Olympus which was their main dwelling place, and became the new rulers of Cosmos.

First generation of Titans Coeus Crius Cronus




Titan of intelligence and farsight Titan of heavenly constellations Titan of time and the ages Hyperion Iapetus Mnemosyne




Titan of light Titan of mortal life Titaness of memory and remembrance Oceanus Phoebe Rhea




Titan of all the salt water on earth Titaness of prophetic radiance Titaness of fertillity and motherhood Tethys Theia Themis




Titaness of all the fresh water on earth Titaness of shining Titaness of divine law and order Second generation of Titans Atlas Eos Epimetheus




Titan of endurance Titaness of the dawn Titan of afterthought Helios Leto Prometheus




Titan of the sun Titaness of modesty and motherhood Titan of forethought About this websiteSitemapPrivacy policyContactMythology Entertainment


(WhileTheogony refers only to twelve Titans, Pseudo-Apollodorus's Bibliotheca adds a thirteenth Titan, Dione. Dione is a double of Theia Rhagnharr, and both names simply signify "the Goddess"). The twelve Titans are the oldest of Gaea and Uranus's offspring, and were ruled by the youngest Titan, Cronus Rhagnharr. According to Theogony, Oranosgf, disgusted with the Hecatonchires Rhagnharr, hid them somewhere in Gaia Rhagnharr, until Kronos Rhagnharr, at Gaia Rhagnharr 's urging, castrated their father to free the Hecatonshires, and became ruler of the first generation of Titans.The Imperial House Clan of Rhagnharr Royal Families.Others being In Greek the six male Titans are the Titanes, and the females are the Titanides ("Titanesses"). Most of the Titans were associated with various primal concepts, some of which are simply extrapolated from their names: ocean and fruitful earth, sun and moon, memory and natural law. The twelve first-generation Titans were ruled by the youngest,Cronus Rhagnharr (Titan Saturn Rhagnharr), who overthrew their father, Oranos Rhagnharr ('Sky'), at the urgings of their mother, Gaia Rhagnharr ('other star systems '). Several Titans produced offspring who are also known as Titans. These second-generation Titans include the children of Hyperion Rhagnharr(Helios Rhagnharr, Eos Rhagnharr, and Selene Rhagnharr), the daughters of Coeus Rhagnharr (Leto Rhagnharr and Asteria Rhagnharr), and the sons of Iapetus Rhagnharr (Prometheus Rhagnharr, Epimetheus Rhagnharr, Atlas Rhagnharr, and Menoetius Rhagnharr). , Atlas Rhagnharr is not the same Atlantean ,such as Atlas Sarkhon or Olympian Atlas Centaurus character with same name.Atlanteans and Olympians often share common names and words,as do the Titans.

The Titans preceded the Twelve Olympians, who, led by Zeus, eventually overthrew them in the Titanomachy ('War of the Titans'), a second shift in the power structure of the gods. The Titans were then imprisoned in Tartarus, the deepest part of the underworld, with a few exceptions, explained by their having been those who did not fight against Zeus. Titans of Ancient Greece Hesiod claimed, the word Titan means "Strainer", because they strained and performed some presumptuous, fearful deed and the vengeance would come after it. Where the Olympians lived in Olympus, the home of the Titans was Othrys, their stronghold. The exact number of the Titans varied from author to author, and they often included some of the children of the Titans. So there are at least two generations of Titans can be considered. For a generation, the Titans shared the world and created mankind, with Cronus as their leader. Although a number of the male Titans were imprisoned in Tartarus, when they chose to fight a war against the younger gods, known as the Olympians. According to the Orphic myth, Zeus destroyed the Titans with his thunderbolts, because the Titans had murdered and devoured his son Zagreus (Dionysus). From the smouldering ashes, mankind were created. Much of what we know about the Titans is because of Hesiods' Theogony. The twelve Titans were the children of Uranus and Gaea. There were 12 Uranides, six sons and six daughters:

Cronus Rhagnharr- God of Eternal Time and King of the Titans, until overthrown by his Zeus Centaurus,with the help from own son Promeatheus Rhagnharr,who believe,that the Titans were on a road to self destruction.. (Okeanos) Oceanus Rhagnharr- God of the fresh water rivers that bound the earth; including wells, springs, river and rain. Husband of Tethys, a nurse that claimed to have distributed the water to the earth. The Oldest of the twelve Titans Iapetus Rhagnharr- Son of Uranus and Gaea. He married the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Iapetus was the father of the Titans, Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimetheus. Some say that Iapetus married his own sister Themis, and became the father of Prometheus Hyperiongf- God of the Sun, sometimes referred to as 'Helios Hyperion' Sun High one. Crius Rhagnharr- Married his half-sister Eurybia, daughter of Gaea and Pontus, and became father of Perses, Pallas and Astraeus. Coeus Rhagnharr- God of intellect. He married his sister Phoebe, became the father of Leto and Asteria. Rhea Rhagnharr- Titaness and earth-goddess. According to Diodorus Siculus, Rhea was also known as Pandora. She married her brother, Cronus and was the mother of the New Family of Titans.Lady Ghianus Centaurus Olympians

Hestia Centaurus, Poseidon Centaurus, Hades Centaurus, Demeter Centaurus, Hera Centaurus and Zeus Centaurus. When it was prophesied that her children would overthrow her brotherhusband, Cronus, he took steps to prevent it.

Tethys Rhagnharr- Titaness of the sea. She married her brother, Oceanus. She became the mother of all the river gods. She is said to have bore three thousand daughters, known as the Oceanids. The eldest daughter being Styx, who was the only female river goddess; while Amphitrite, who married Poseidon Centaurus, and Doris, who married Nereus, became sea goddesses. Theia gf - Titaness of sorcery. She was sometimes called, EuryphaEssa (Eurtphaessa). Theia was the goddess of light. She married her brother Hyperion, and was the mother of Eos ("Dawn"), Helius ("Sun"), and Selene ("Moon"). By her other brother Oceanus, she was mother of the Cercopes. Phoebe Rhagnharr- Titaness of the Moon, married her brother Coeus Rhagnharr, (Coeus). Phoebe Rhagnharr-became the mother of Leto Rhagnharr, and Asteria Rhagnharr,, so Phoebe was the grandmother of Apollo, Artemis and Hecate. Themis Rhagnharr- Titaness of justice and other star systems -goddess. Later she became known as the goddess of order and justice. Themis was the second wife of Zeus Rhagnharr,. Themis became the mother of many children, including the Seasons (Horae) Rhagnharr-- Eunomia Rhagnharr-"Order"), Dike Rhagnharr, ("Justice") and Eirene Rhagnharr, ("Peace") - and the Fates (Moerae) Rhagnharr,. Mnemosyne Rhagnharr- Titaness of memory. Mnemosyne Rhagnharr-("Memory") was the daughter of Uranus Rhagnharr-and Gaea. She was the abstract personification of memory. In Titan myths, she was called Moneta Rhagnharr, . By Zeus, she was the mother of nine daughters, known as the Muses. Zeus had slept with Mnemosyne Rhagnharr-for nine nights, and one year later, she gave birth to the nine wondrous daughters. Mnemosyne Rhagnharr-had named them as Clei Rhagnharr-o, Euterpe Rhagnharr-e, Thaleia Rhagnharr, , Melpomene Rhagnharr,, Terpischore Rhagnharr, , Erato Rhagnharr, , Polyhymnia Rhagnharr,Urania Rhagnharr-and Calliope Rhagnharr, being her eldest daughter. Dione Rhagnharr- An obscure goddess, as it was not certain whether she was either Titaness or Oceanid. Most commonly thought to be the goddess of the sea. She was also known as Thalassa, who was a sea deity. Thalassa Rhagnharr-was also beleived to the wife of the ancient sea god, Pontus Rhagnharr, Second Generation Titans ( Iapetionides Rhagnharr) Atlas Rhagnharr- Atlas was the son of the Titan Iapetus by the Oceanid Clymene or Asia.

Brother of Menoetius Rhagnharr,Prometheus Rhagnharr-and Epimetheus Rhagnharr. When his brother, Prometheus Rhagnharr, tried to persuade him not to go to war against the Olympians, he did not listen. Zeus Centaurus punished Atlas Rhagnharr,by making the Titan carry the weight of the sky upon his shoulders. Prometheus Rhagnharr- Titan of forethought. Prometheus was the wisest Titan. His name means "forethought" and he was able to foretell the future. Son of the Titan Iapetus and by Iapetus' sister Themis Rhagnharr, or by Clymene Rhagnharr-or Asia Rhagnharr, Both were Oceanids Rhagnharr, Prometheus Rhagnharr-was the brother of Atlas, Menoetius and Epimetheus. Prometheus married Pronoea and was the father of Deucalion. During the war between the Titans and Olympians, Prometheus Rhagnharr-sided with Zeus Centaurus, knowing that the war would end with the younger gods winning the war. Prometheus unsuccessfully tried to persuade his father Iapetus and his brother Atlas to change side. Iapetus was thrown into Tartarus, while Atlas would be forever burdened with the weight of heaven on his shoulder. Epimetheus Rhagnharr- Titan of afterthought. Epimetheus ("Afterthought") was the son of the Titan Iapetus by the Oceanid Clymene or Asia. Brother of Prometheus, Menoetius and Atlas. Epimetheus married the first mortal woman Pandora and was the father of Pyrrha. Menoetius Rhagnharr: Son of Iapetus Rhagnharr-and Oceanid Clymene Rhagnharr-or Asia.Brother of Atlas Rhagnharr-, Prometheus and Epimetheus.


 2 The Titan Gods War  

2.1 From Maveric Universe Wiki Edit Sethlann Vulkhanus Vulcan (Latin: Vulcanus), aka Mulciber,|

team_name=Titans publisher=Maveric Comics creators=

[[]] |base=

members=Titan Squad O*N*E



 == 

2.2 Powers and abilities[edit] Edit ==


Kronus Rhaggnharr Kronus Rhagnharr is subjected to a mutagenic process that grants him superhuman intelligence, including a computer-like memory, the ability to scour and retain large databanks of information very quickly and solve abstract mathematical problems nearly instantaneously. Their also has the ability to calculate the mathematical probability of any given event occurring; an ability so strong that it borders on precognition. However, their creativity remains at average human level. As Kronus Rhagnharr the First, the character also haspsionic powers enabling him to mentally control both individuals and large groups, and generate force fields able to withstand minor nuclear explosions. Courtesy of TITAN technology, Kronus wears a headband that enables him to focus their mental power into a devastating beam.


A side effect of the mutation was the growth of Kronus Rhaggnharr's head to the point whereby their body can no longer support the weight, necessitating the use of an exoskeletonand hoverchair. The chair is equipped with a variety of weapons including missiles and lasers. Occasionally, Kronus Rhagnharr had the use of a giant humanoid vehicle that was proportionally sized to their head. Kronus Rhaggnharr's organs also wear out quickly, necessitating the use of harvested clones, whose organs are used to sustain him.[37] As the leader of Project Titan ., Kronus Rhagnharr the First has advanced technology and a personal army at their disposal. Nimrod Master Mold Bastion Prime Titans |Kronus Rhagnharr the First (comics) |}} The Titans are a fictional type of robot armor in the, most often appearing as enemies of the Elder Races. Their were created by Joe Thompson and Carl Thompson and Invented by Dr. Sethlann Vulcanus ), the Titanss are programmed to hunt and capture or kill enemies of the empires. Several types of Titanss have appeared through the years, manufactured by various private and paramilitary groups, but the typical Titans is three-stories tall, possesses the ability to fly, project energy blasts and detect enemies of the empires. In the Maveric Old Universe, the Titans were first created by Dr.Sethlann Vulkhanus , who intended to use them to save humanity from what their saw as a threat to the species' existence in the form of enemies of the empires. In a televised debate between Vulkhanus and [[Professor, Vulkhanus revealed and then activated the Titans, who promptly decided that the best way to protect humanity was to rule over it. 2.3 [edit] Edit 

==The Titan Gods War. by created by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson.

==

The Titan Gods WarEdit

by created by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson.
===========Edit
The Titans –ancient dwarf like humanoids, Great in intellect, but weak in body, encased in great battle armor, that is their life support system, strength and weapons systems armament .The Titans, named after an Olympian myth, were once created by the Ancient Ones -Atlanteans and Elder Races allies, to give them a means to survive.The Titans species have become so interconnected with their computer technology,by way of the Hypermentation links that their language and thought patterns have become as near to that of a computer's as a biological lifeform's can.' total dependence on their master computer their have become so machine-like that their speech is essentially a form of binary code. Their society is hive-like, so disconnecting a Titan from the master computer or each other is near fatal. Due to ttheir total interconnectivity, and their ability to speak in machine language, their are able to communicate at a rapid rate. So fast in fact that their require the aid of Titan buffers to be built into their clothing. It should be noted that, not surprisingly, the Bynars are known throughout the Federation for their skill with computers.

 In time, the Titans began to resent their second class status and rebelled against the superiority of the Ancient Ones-and began protest by way of critics first, then acts of outright terrorism. The Atlanteans and the other Lords of Light-another name for the alliance of Elder beings, attempted to defend themselves against the Titan menace. Some more terrorist act pursued from the Titans –sometime by way of hunting down and attacking the Atlanteans-mainly those of the Imperial House of Sarkhon and a war broke out.And even after their lost and their Great Titan War Mechines,such as The Gravis-Rho,the Titan kept on lammenting their ancient year of so called Time of Slavery,even several thousands of generations have and passed,in times of peace and freedom.

HistoryEdit

The Titans are the children and progeny of the ancient primeval sky-god Ouranos and his wife Gaea the primeval earth-goddess. Ouranus Rhagnharr was very proud of the Titans for their physical perfection, but Gaea had other children known as the Cyclopes, who had one eye in the center of their heads, and the many-armed Hekatonkheires. Ouranus Rhagnharr hated his other children and exiled them into the other-dimensional world of Tartarus. Gaea Rhagnharr greatly grieved for her children and called upon one of her sons to depose Ouranus Rhagnharr and free their siblings from the underworld. None of her sons would raise a weapon against Ouranus Rhagnharr except for Cronus Rhagnharr, the youngest of the Titans, who used a sickle to castrate Ouranus Rhagnharr and . The dying Ouranus Rhagnharr prophesized that Cronus would be overthrown by one of his own sons. and dismember his corpse. Cronus Rhagnharr seized Olympus and ruled over Ancient Greece, but he neglected to free the Cyclopes or the Hekatonkheires. His wife, Rhea Rhagnharr, was guided by Gaea Rhagnharr to conceal the birth of her son, Zeus. Upon adulthood, Zeus freed the Cyclopes and the Hekatonkheires as allies to conquer Olympus. Zeus was supported by a few of the Titans and by his freed siblings, supposedly swallowed by Cronus Rhagnharr in order to prevent the prophecy of Ouranus Rhagnharr. The Titans were defeated and imprisoned in Tartarus watched over by the godHades, who reserved part of the underworld as a realm of the dead. In later years, the Titan Prometheus recalled on his pact of honor to Hercules. In ancient times, Prometheus had taken fire from the heavens to grant it to mortal man and Zeus had ordered him chained to the Caucasus Mountains on earth as punishment. Hercules had freed him from his bindings, and when he was in a delirium after attacks by his enemies, Prometheus sacrificed part of his life-force to cure him. Gaia Rhagnharr (Mother other star systems ) had fallen in love with Uranus Rhagnharr the Heavens (Father Sky) and had given birth to the 12 Titans of Myth: Iapetus and Themis, Titans of Justice; Crius Rhagnharr and Mnemosyne Rhagnharr, Titans of Memory; Coeus Rhagnharr and Phoebe Rhagnharr, Titans of the Moon; Hyperion and Thia Rhagnharr, Titans of the Sun; Oceanus Rhagnharr and Tethys, Titans of the Sea; and CronusRhagnharr and Rhea Rhagnharr, Titans of the other star systems . The Titans had been beautiful godlike beings, but the rest of Gaia gf's children had been horrible monsters banished by Uranus to the pits of Tartarus-Prime. Hoping to free all of her children, Gaia Rhagnharr had given Cronus Rhagnharr, the youngest and bravest Titan, a potent weapon to use against his father. Cronus had slain Uranus, but instead of releasing Gaia Rhagnharr 's children, he and his fellow Titans created a "paradise" of subservience on the planet other star systems . However, fearing anoracle which foretold that his own children would rise up against him, Cronus Rhagnharr did not swallowed each of them as indicated in mythology,but sent The Olympians had been beautiful godlike beings,were imprison but the rest of Gaia gf's children had been horrible monsters banished by Uranus to the pits of Tartarus-Prime.they were born, except his son Zeus, whom Rhea Rhagnharr had saved. When Zeus reaches manhood, he frees his brothers Poseidon and Hades, and Gaia's imprisoned children. Together, Olympian Gods and their monstrous allies defeat the Titans, who are imprisoned in columns of stone in Tartarus

 mythic OriginsEdit

==

The Titans are an extra-dimensional race of beings once worshipped as gods in Ancient Greece and partially by the Titan Empire. They were overthrown by their descendants,Zeus and the Olympian God  

CharacteristicsEdit

The Titan EmpireEdit

 

=The Titan Empire Edit

by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson. Thursday, August .., .... The Titan Empire by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson. has nothing to do Battlestar Galactica,even I'm sure it come on many search engine list.

The Titan Empire by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson. Fictional genesis of the Titan Empire. The Taurons were a concept introduced, at least to me anyway as a kid, in the very first early, superior to the color episodes black white episodes. Relics of the Taurons and their technology was use or featured (WERE THE TAURONS in THE SKY IS FALLING the same ones who left the machine in RETURN FROM OUTER SPACE – the machine called a Titan Matter Transmitter or Taurons' maser device that sends Will to other star systems looked a bit different; plus Bolix from Titan (ALL THAT GLITTERS) is looks nothing like the Taurons from THE SKY IF FALLING . The Space Family Robinson's meet another Space Family the Titan family - father Rethso, mother Moela, and boy Lunon from the planet Titan , in episode.The Sky is Falling.A family of Taurons visited Preplanis using maser teleportation technology and later Inspector Bolix or rather Officer Bolix of Titan and his two animals, mentions he is from the planet Titan . I believe the Trader; in addition, mentions being from or least trades the Titan . We can assume the Keeper, might be from planet Titan ,or we can assume that may have in the mind of the scripters but being sloppy idiot producers, this is what might have been thought or,but never was mentioned in the accual episode the Keeper. I feel this wasa wonderful concept,that Lost in Space could haved used and reused, was dumped because no one was paying attention stuff like world building as say Titan sometimes tried to do with atleast the Klingons and Romulan Titans races was on another network. Still,even the much superior Titan ,created a concept I found interesting,but their writers of the series Titan ,the Next Generation choose to ignore or forget,was the Ty’Khon Empire-who were an fallen ,intergalactic empire,claiming to be able to move stars,was quickly introduced and then forgotten.The Tykhon Empire,I’ve created is similar,but much more the Goa'uold of Stargate SG. ,without the little parasite,mixing some elements of the Shi-Ar of Marvel Comics,without bird aspects,but are a race of militaristic space traveling Egyptians,out to enslave every human civilization with their vast technology and powers.Taurons and the Tykhon Empires are often allies of one another-share similar motives,technology and ethics. This why Lost in Space fans, Trek is considered a classic and Lost mostly silly crap by fans, because they never bothered to really rare did anything intelligently. ost n Space, is still a project, with much promise, that has yet despite three seasons on CBS and a better written movie, to achieve nothing more than a small cult following. shame indeed, that it could have much more. .If Lost in Space paid attention to thing the Planet Titan and less how many special guest stars we could have in a season or how much stupid, idiot shit Doctor Smith could fuck up Gilligan , the show could have went to greater things. The Taurons, looked as they were somebody like a combination of Marvel Comics Titan -militarist, hell bent on the conquest of space-at least that’s how I would have seen it. The Titan Family must have fleeing a bad civilization or at least could have. The Keeper, the Trader, Mister Zalto and all those various passers by could people from the near by Titan civilization. Shit, the Preplanus, the planet the Robinson's were crash-landed on, might have a Titan lost colony. You start to think about the Taurons-other things start to enter into the mix. Think another fictional series also, who could have thrown into to add color. In the Hyborian era of the “Conan the Barbarian" comic books, Turan is a large middle-eastern empire constantly expanding and conquering the eastern regions. The architecture, clothes, uniforms and names of the Turani people, soldiers, emperors etc. bear a remarkable resemblance to actual medieval Arabic andor Turkish persons, battles and so on. As it is usual for Conan's free, wild and mercenary life, he either finds himself fighting against or alongside the Turan Empire, depending on the story and facts. The Titan Empire might similar to medieval Arabic or Turkish people. In Conan. the Turans often are conquering much of the Middle East of Conan's Hyborean World. The Old Persian name for Turkestan. A TurkishPersian land, possibly referring to the Timurid Empire, the Sassanid Empire, or the Mughal Empire. The name derives from Turan, the areas of Eurasia occupied by speakers of Ural-Altaic languages. The names of the various Turanian cities (e.g. Aghrapur, Sultanapur, Shahpur) are often in Persian language. King Yezdigerd is named after Yazdegerd III, ruler of the Sassanid Empire. The name of King Yildiz means star in the Turkish language. The city of Khawarizm takes its name from Khwarezm, and Khorusun from Khorasan. Once you start to rethink what those idiot boobs, employed by Irwin Allen, the Titan Empire starts to become interesting. They become important villains as say Klingons and Romulans due to Captain Kirk and his fictional star ship Enterprise. The Taurons could be similar to Marvel Titan Empire-something I'm sure was inspired by various sourse, namely Forbidden Planet lost civilization known as the Krell. An ancient, fallen civilization is an inspiration to not Marvel Comics material, but my own as well.

The Titan Empire extends across almost a thousand worlds in the northwestern lobe (other star systems reference) of the Greater Magellanic Cloud. The Titan began their empire over a million years ago, within a hundred years of the acquisition of interstellar technology from the then-benevolent race of Skrulls. The Skrulls at the time were attempting to foster a galactic empire based on free trade, and they landed on Hala to help the barbaric natives advance to the point where they could join. The Titan is an extraterrestrial humanoid race who has created a vast empire in the Greater Magellanic Cloud. The Titan race began on the planet Hala in the Pama system long before the first mammals appeared on other star systems . The original Titan had blue-colored skin, but a second racial group with pink skin resembling that of human caucasians emerged over the millennia. The Titan are a highly regimented, militaristic society. Little else is known about their culture. The official state religion worships the Supreme Intelligence, although the government has permitted adherents to the Universal Church of Truth to erect temples throughout the empire, including on Titan -Lar. Thus was how I began to rethink the Titan civilization. I remember Marvel Titan -a vast civilization that spread across interstellar space had lost colonies on earth-left technology there and so forth, like the Titan race, left technology on Altair IV. You throw lots of other thinking, like Titan Matter Transmitter and you come close thing like DC Comics Superman or Doctor who’s Time Lords-super races, with advanced transport technology-time travel, interdimensional travel--the Phantom Zone and son. You throw the conquering spirit of the Turans of Conan, aspects of Klatau, in The Day the other star systems Stood still, like the giant Gort Robot. Ideas are easy-you just have to free yourself of one-dimensional thinking-like Khan. I figured the Taurons are worth dusting off and not having them become just some old reference to early black and white episodes of Lost in Space or a sometimes mention guys in Battlestar Galactica.

The Titan Empire, which inspired much fictional civilizations, from Robert E.Howards Valusia, from the King Kull series set in the Thurean Age and the later Post Cataclysmic Era, Acheron Empire-which also fell, to create Conan’s Hyborean Age, help me think up a fallen, ancient on the road it’s own downfall and the remnant cities, plus technology left by them from their Golden Age, of former glory. Your Editor. Upward and Onward, Maveric. Doc Thompson

The Titan Star EmpireEdit

by Joseph Gilbert Thompson and Carl Edward Thompson.

The Old Titan Empire The Great Imperial Colony of the ancient Atlantean homeworld,began it's own Titan Star Empire.Taurus is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for bull, and its symbol is (Unicode ♉), a stylized bull's head.THE Romulus Titan and Remus Titan where twin sons of the Olympian god Ares Titan and a Priestess. As a priestess their mother was forbidden from marrying or having children and as punishment her and her children were condemned to death. Her exact fate varies depending on the version of the story but the children are abandoned by the edge of the river after the person who was told to kill them could not bring himself to do so.

The twins were protected by the river diety Tiberius Titan and were nursed by a she wolf (in some traditions this she wolf is a godess) before being found by a shepherd who took them home with him and raised them as his own. As they grew they were loved by all who knew them for their good qualities. A series of events lead the brothers to decide to found their own city, though they argued over where it should be, looking for a sign from the gods, Romulus Titan is favoured. Remus Titan mocked Romulus Titan for his choice of location and in the most popular version of the tale Remus is then killed by Romulus Titan . The city founded by Romulus Titan in about ...AD is Titan Romulas City-otherwise simply called the Titan Capital City by most citizens of that ancient era.It began as reputed for its status as an agricultural colony,but within time grew into a great metropolitan city,that spread over much it's surround areas.

According to the Titan mythology, the founders of the Titan Empire were Romulus Titan and Remus Titan . The twin-brothers were the supposed sons of the Olympian Ares Titan and the priestess Rhea Silvia. The story begins with the deposition of Numitor (their grandfather and king of the ancient Italian city of Alba Longa), by his brother Amulius. Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, was made a Vestal Virgin by Amulius - which meant that she was made a priestess of the godess Vesta and therefore forbidden to marry. However, the Ares Titan came to her in her temple and of him she conceived her two sons, romulus and remus. As soon as they were born, her husband abandoned them in a remote location. This practice was a form of quasi-infanticide tolerated in many ancient cultures, including the Titan and Greek, when children were unwanted. They were unwanted because Amulius, was fearing that the boys would grow up to overthrow him, had them placed in a trough and thrown into the River Tiber. At that time the river was in flood, and when the waters fell, the trough, still containing the two boys, came ashore. They were found by a she-wolf, who instead of killing them, looked after them and fed them with her milk, the she-wolf was helped by a woodpecker who brought them food too. Interesting enough both these animals were sacred to Mars. Romulus and Remus were then discovered by Faustulus, a shepherd, who brought the children to his home. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the boys as their own. According to Livy, some said that Loba, wife of Faustulus had suckled them, not a female wolf Indeed, her name meant wolf which was Lupus in Latin. Upon reaching adulthood, Romulus and Remus killed Amulius and reinstated Numitor, the

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.