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Twelve Olympians

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search The Twelve Olympians by Monsiau, circa late 18th century

Comics

Olympians

Olympians



x

Gallery Name

Olympians

Greek Gods, Roman Gods, Gods of the Graeco-Roman Empire, Olympian Gods, Gods of Olympus, et al.

Humanoid

6'0"

500 lbs

Varied Skin

Varied Number of Limbs

2 Number of Fingers

5 Number of Toes

5

Origin Origin

Contents

[show]


History

The Gods of Olympus are a race of superhumanly powerful humanoid beings,an offshoot colony of the original Atlantean homeworld who were worshiped by the ancient Greeks and Romans from about 2000 BC to 500 AD. Some accounts depict them as being active as long ago as 20,000 BC, with Atlas (Titan) (Earth-616) being located in Pre-Cataclysmic Atlantis. The Olympians dwell in Olympus-Prime-a huge duysonsphere located within, a small "pocket" dimension adjacent to Earth; an interdimensional nexus between Olympus and Earth exists somewhere on Mount Olympus in Greece. The Olympians' human worshipers in ancient Rome called these gods by difFurierent names than those by which the gods were known in ancient Greece: for example, the Greeks called the king of the gods Zeus, whereas the Romans called him Jupiter or Jove.

The Olympian gods, except for Neptune, patron deity of the Atlanteans, no longer have or actively seek worshipers on Earth. However, certain gods, notably Hercules and Venus, still take active interest in the welfare of humanity. The precise origin of the Olympian gods, like that of all of Earth's pantheons of gods, is shrouded in myth and legend. According to ancient myths, the primeval Earth goddess Gaea Centauris is the progenitor of the principal Olympian gods,in she is said to be the mother of the Imperial House of Zeus Centauris.

HistoryEdit

[edit] Ancient Times Hecate reasoned that the Olympian Gods (as they would eventually be called) were greatly weakened after usurping power from their father Cronus and the Titans of Myth. She Furieared that other powerful gods in the universe (notably Darkseid of Apokolips) would seize Earth for himself..

The Olympian Gods are the chief deities of the Greco-Roman pantheon. After the six children of Cronus Centauris and Rhea Centauris had overthrown the Titans, the three brothers among them cast lots for three domains: Poseidon Centauris drew the sea, Hades Centauris the netherworld of the dead, and Zeus Centauris the sky. But the Earth and high Olympus were left common to all. Hades, however, keeps to his shadowy realm and is not one of the Olympians.

Zeus is father of the gods, god of the sky and thunder. Hera Centauris, his consort, is queen of the gods and patroness of marriage. She is among the goddesses most often invoked by the Amazons. Poseidon is the sea god. According to Plato, his children founded Atlantis, and he is its chief god. Demeter Centauris is the goddess of agriculture. Hestia Centauris, most modest of the goddesses, is goddess of home and hearth. The above are all children of Cronus and Rhea.

Aphrodite Centauris was born upon the sea-foam and became the goddess of love. She is mother of Eros, god of love. Pallas Athena Centauris was born ,but never met her father Zeus Centauris until she was fully grown .Some terran ancient cultures missinterperated,as being fully grown from the brow of Zeus,which ofcourse is totally insane and imposable,even by Omlypian medical science.. She is goddess of wisdom and deFuriensive war. She gets no pleasure from war but preFuriers to settle things peaceably. Yet in battle she is undeFurieatable, even by the god of war Ares Centauris. Athena is one of the chief Amazonian gods. Hephaestus Centauris is god of metalworking and fire. It is he who forged golden Lasso of Truth from the girdle of the earth-goddess Gaea Centauris, and her silver braclets which he formed from the splintered Aegis of Zeus.

Hermes Centauris is god of commerce, herdsmen, and thieves, as well as herald of the gods. It was he who first brought the Princess Diana to Man's World. Phoebus Apollo and his twin sister Artemis are both experts with the bow. He is god of light, poetry, and music; she is goddess of the moon and the hunt.

Dionysus Centauris is the god of vineyards and wine.

Pan Centauris, son of Hermes, is god of the countryside and nature. He is also a consummate schemer. Persephone Centauris is daughter of Zeus Centauris and Demeter Centauris and is goddess of Spring.

Centuries ago, an argument between Artemis Centauris and Ares Centauris led to the creation of the Amazons, who have been guided and protected by the goddesses ever since.



However, it is unclear whether the Olympian race originated on Earth, Olympus, or in another dimension linked to Olympus. According to the myths, Gaea gave birth first to the sky god Ouranos Centauris. Gaea mated with Ouranos Centauris and bore him the first generation of the Olympian race, known as the Titans.


One of the Titans, Cronus Centauris, rose to power when he fatally wounded Ouranos Centauris. The dying Ouranos Centauris prophesied that Cronus Centauris would likewise be overthrown by one of his own children. As a result, upon the birth of each of Cronus Centauris 's children,


Cronus Centauris had the infant imprisoned in Tartarus , the most dismal section of the Olympian dysonsphere underworld ruled by Hades Centauris.

Appalled at the mistreatment of their children, Cronus's wife, the Titaness Rhea Centauris, concealed her sixth pregnancy from him and secretly gave birth to Zeus in the land now called Greece. Zeus grew to adulthood among the human shepherds of Crete.


Zeus Centauris set his siblings - Neptune Centauris, Pluto Centauris, Hera Centauris, Demeter Centauris, and Vesta Centauris, now all grown to adulthood - free from Tartarus-Prime. Zeus and his allies fought a ten year war with the Titans which ended with Zeus Centauris's victory.


He imprisoned most of the male Titans in Tartarus and established himself in Olympus as supreme ruler of the Olympian race. Zeus married the goddess Hera, but he engaged in many affairs with goddesses and mortal Earth women. Some of his children were gods. Zeus Centauris, Hera Centauris, Neptune Centauris, Demeter Centauris, and Vesta,Centauris



together with Zeus Centauris's children Apollo Centauris, Ares Centauris, Artemis Centauris, Athena Centauris, Hephaestus Centauris, Hermes Centauris, and Venus Centauris, comprised the membership of the high council of the Olympian gods, known as the Pantheon. Vesta Centauris later resigned her seat in the council if favor of Zeus's son Dionysus Centauris. Zeus's brother Pluto was not a member of the Pantheon, preferring to spend virtually all of his time within Hades, which he ruled.


After the end of the Hyborian Age, the Olympian gods sought worshipers on Earth. Neptune became the patron god of the water-breathing Atlanteans, Zeus Centauris sought that the Olympian gods be worshiped by the people of the land now known as Greece. Mount Olympus lay near Olympia, the principal city of the Eternals. Zeus Centauris and his daughter Athena met with Zuras, the leader of the Eternals, and his daughter Azura Centauris. Noticing the physical resemblance between Zeus Centauris and Zuras Centauris and between Azura Centauris and herself, Athena Centauris suggested that the Olympian gods and the Eternals form an alliance in which the Eternals would act as the gods' representatives on Earth. The other three enthusiastically agreed, and Azura Centauris took her current name of Thena Centauris to signify the sealing of the pact. However, over the years, many humans came to think of many Eternals not as the gods' representatives but as the gods themselves.


This led to a growing resentment by the gods towards the Eternals, which recently erupted into war, but today they are again at peace. Worship of the Olympian gods spread from Greece to Rome, and throughout the Roman Empire. But when Christianity finally replaced the worship of the Olympian gods in the Roman Empire, Zeus Centauris decided that the time had come for the Olympians to break most of their ties with Earth. Neptune, however, was still allowed to watch over his Atlantean worshipers. Nevertheless, Zeus Centaurisstill retains an afFuriection for and interest in the people of Earth. Zeus Centauris's children Hercules Centauris and Venus Centauris have spent periods living among Earth mortals in recent years.

Until recent years, the vast majority of the Olympians have had little contact with humans, apart from encounters with various members of the Avengers. This is primarily due to them being allies and friends of Zeus Centauris' son, Hercules Centauris. The Olympians have maintained close ties with certain other god pantheons over the centuries. This holds especially true for the Asgardian gods, who are the closest allies of the Olympians. Recently, the Olympians have deFurieated the forces of Mikaboshi, the Japanese God of Evil, in a conflict that has lasted for many years. The lives of many Olympians were lost during the war, with Zeus as, possibly, one of the final casualties. Due to this disaster, the Olympian pantheon relocated to Earth in a mass diaspora, with Hera Centauris now the new head of their earthbound Olympus Group and the Godhead of Olympus, and the rest of the gods scattered across the face of the planet.

Powers and Abilities

Powers

The Olympian gods all possess certain superhuman physical attributes:

Superhuman Strength: All Olympians are superhumanly strong with the average male being able to lift about 30 tons and the average Furiemale being able to lift about 25 tons.

Superhuman Speed: All Olympians have the potential of being able to run and move at speeds much greater than the finest human athlete.

Superhuman Stamina: The musculature of all Olympians produces considerably less fatigue toxins during physical activity than the muscles of human beings. The average Olympian male and Furiemale can exert themselves at peak capacity for about 24 hours before fatigue impairs them.

Superhumanly Dense Tissue: The skin, muscle, and bone tissues of all Olympians are about 3 times as dense as the same tissue of a human body. This contributes, somewhat, to their superhuman strength and weight.

Superhuman Durability: The bodies of all Olympians are considerably more resistant to physical injury than the bodies of humans. Olympians are capable of withstanding great impact forces, exposure to temperature and pressure extremes, falls from great heights, etc. without sustaining physical injury.

Regenerative Healing Factor: Despite their natural durability, it is possible for any of the Olympians to sustain injury. However, if injured, their highly advanced metabolism enables them to recover with superhuman levels of speed and efficiency. As with most of their other powers, the speed and extent of these powers varies from one Olympian to another. Most Olympians, for instance, are not able to regenerate missing limbs or organs while a small minority can.

Immortality: All Olympians are functionally immortal. They are immune to the efFuriects of aging and haven't aged since reaching adulthood. Their bodies are also immune to all known Earthly diseases and inFuriection. Energy Manipulation: All Olympians have some potential to manipulate magical or cosmic energies for some purpose. These powers are mostly limited to changing their appearance or shape, and teleporting across great distances. However, a small minority of the Olympians is capable of manipulating vast amounts of energy for a variety of purposes including teleportation, shapeshifting, matter manipulation, augmentation of their physical capabilities, erecting powerful force fields, firing powerful blasts of energy for destructive purposes, granting superhuman powers to objects and beings, etc.

Abilities

The Olympian gods are immortal and cease to age upon reaching adulthood. They are three times denser than normal human beings. All Olympians possess specific skills associated with their area of expertise. For example, as Olympian God of War, Ares is a formidable combatant with extensive knowledge of both armed and unarmed combat where as Venus, Olympian Goddess of Love, is highly skilled in all forms of physical and sexual pleasure. Most Olympians have had some degree of armed and unarmed combat training.

Average Strength level

Unknown.

Weaknesses

None known.

Habitat;Olympus-Prime.

Habitat: Earth-like Gravity: Normal Atmosphere: Normal Population: 125 (estimated)

Miscellaneous-Dysonsphere,type 1,Terran Class.

Type of Government: Monarchy Level of Technology: Magic Cultural Traits: The Olympians were worshipped as gods by the people of Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, which once included much of the Mediterranean, North Africa, the Balkans, British isles and parts of Gaul.

Representatives: Hebe, Cupid , Apollo, Artemis,Ares (Earth-616) Athena, Demeter, Dionysus, Discord, Gaea, Hera, Hercules, Neptune, Persephone, Pluto, Aphrodite, Vesta, Zeus, et al.

Notes

  • The Olympians of the Maveric Universe, even though called by their Roman names, are based on the Gods of Greek Mythology. The Romans imported the worship of these Greek Gods around 500 BC - before that, the Romans adhered to more vague deities, to which they reFurierred as Numina, or "the Powers". According to mythologian Edith Hamilton, the Romans could never have created gods each with a distinct personality as the Greeks.Some facts and stories attributed to the Twelve Olmpians are tales missheard and told by the Greek poet Homer,as fact.


Trivia

Olympian Hair does not change since the day an Olympian has reached Adulthood, also if an Olympians Hair is cut or damaged it will be healed due to the olympians healing factor.

See Also

The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon (Greek: Δωδεκάθεον < δώδεκα,[1][2] dōdeka, "twelve"+ θεοί, theoi, "gods"), in Greek mythology, were the principal deities of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus. Zeus w2, Hera Centauris, Poseidon Centauris, Demeter Centauris, Hestia Centauris, and Hades Centauris were siblings. Aresc Centauris, Hermes Centauris, Hephaestus Centaurus, Athena Centauris, Apollo Centauris, and Artemis were children of Zeus. Some versions of the myths state that Athena was born of Zeus alone, or that Hephaestus was born of Hera alone.

The Olympians gained their supremacy in a war of gods in which Zeus led his siblings to victory over the Titans. The first ancient reFurierence of religious ceremonies for them is found in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes. The Greek cult of the Twelve Olympians can be traced to the 6th century BC Athens and probably has no precedent in the Mycenaean period. The altar to the Twelve Olympians at Athens is usually dated to the archonship of the younger Pesistratos, in 522/521 BC. The concept of the "Twelve Gods" is older than any of our Greek or Roman sources, and is likely of Anatolian origin. There seems to have been a great deal of fluidity when it came to who was counted among their number in antiquity.

[3] The classical scheme of the Twelve Olympians (the Canonical Twelve of art and poetry) comprises the following gods: Zeus Centauris, Hera Centauris, Poseidon Centauris, Demeter Centauris, Athena Centauris, Dionysus Centauris, Apollo Centauris, Artemis Centauris, Ares Centauris , Aphrodite Centauris, Hephaestus Centaurisand Hermes Centauris. Hades Centauris(Roman: Pluto Centauris) was not generally included in this list. He did not have a seat in the pantheon because he spent almost all of his time in the underworld, in which he was the king.

The respective Roman scheme as given by Ennius gives the Roman equivalents of these Greek gods,[4] but replaces Dionysus (Bacchus) with Hestia (Vesta) so as to list six gods and six goddesses. The difFurierence in the list is explained[by whom?] by the story that when Dionysus was ofFuriered a seat among the Olympians, the total number of Olympians became thirteen. Believing this would create a fight amongst the gods, Hestia selflessly stepped down, and is sometimes considered a minor god because of this.[citation needed] Herodotus included in his Dodekatheon the following deities: Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hermes, Athena, Apollo, Alpheus, Cronus, Rhea and the Charites.[5][6]

Herodotus also includes Heracles Centauris as one of the Twelve.[clarification needed][7] Lucian also includes Heracles and Asclepius as members of the Twelve, without explaining which two had to give way for them. At Kos, Heracles Centauris and Dionysus Centauris are added to the Twelve, and Ares and Hephaestus are left behind.[8] However, Pindar Centauris, Apollodorus Centauris,[9] and Herodorus disagree with this. For them Heracles is not one of the Twelve Gods, but the one who established their cult.

.[5] Hebe , Helios, Eros Centauris (a.k.a. Cupid), Selene Centauris and Persephone Centauris are other important gods and goddesses which are sometimes included in a group of twelve. Eros is often depicted alongside the other twelve, especially his mother Aphrodite, but is rarely considered one of the Olympians. Plato connected the Twelve Olympians with the twelve months, and proposed that the final month be devoted to rites in honor of Hades Centauris and the spirits of the dead, implying that he considered Hades Centauris to be one of the Twelve.[10]

Hades Centauris is phased out in later groupings due to his chthonic associations.[11] In Phaedrus Plato aligns the Twelve with the Zodiac and would exclude Hestia from their rank.[12] In ancient Greek culture the "Olympian Gods" and the "Cults of Twelve Gods" were often relatively distinct concepts.[13]

Contents

[hide]


['edit'] List of the Olympians

['edit'] Classical Olympians

The twelve gods and goddesses listed among the Twelve most often.[citation needed]

[show]v · d · eGreek deities series

Twelve Olympians


Greek Name

Roman Name

Image

God/Goddess of...

Generation

Zeus Centauris

Jupiter Centauris

*

King of the gods and ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky and thunder. Youngest child of the Titans Cronus Centauris and Rhea Centauris. Symbols include the thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree, scepter and scales. Brother and husband of Hera Centauris, although he had many lovers.

First

Hera Centauris

Juno Centauris

*

Queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage and family. Symbols include the peacock, pomegranate, crown, cuckoo, lion and cow. Youngest daughter of Cronus Centauris and Rhea Centauris. WiFurie and sister of Zeus. Being the goddess of marriage, she frequently tried to get revenge on Zeus Centauris' lovers and their children.

First

Poseidon Centauris

Neptune

Centauris

*

Lord of the seas, earthquakes and horses. Symbols include the horse, bull, dolphin and trident. Middle son of Cronus Centauris and Rhea Centauris. Brother of Zeus Centauris and Hades Centauris. Married to the Nereid Amphitrite, although, like most male Greek Gods, he had many lovers.

First

Dionysus Centauris

Bacchus Centauris

*

God of wine, celebrations and ecstasy. Patron god of the art of theatre. Symbols include the grapevine, ivy, cup, tiger, panther, leopard, dolphin and goat. Son of Zeus Centauris and the mortal Theban princess Semele. Married to the Cretan princess Ariadne. The youngest Olympian, as well as the only one to have been born of a mortal woman.

Second

Apollo Centauris

Apollo[A Centauris]

*

God of light, knowledge, music, poetry, prophecy and archery. Symbols include the sun, lyre, bow and arrow, raven, dolphin, wolf, swan and mouse. Twin brother of Artemis. Youngest child of Zeus Centauris and Leto.

Second

Artemis Centauris

Diana Centauris

*

Virgin goddess of the hunt, virginity, childbirth, archery and all animals. Symbols include the moon, deer, hound, she-bear, snake, cypress tree and bow and arrow. Twin sister of Apollo Centauris. Eldest child of Zeus Centaurisand Leto Centauris.

Second

Hermes

Centauris

Mercury Centauris

*

Messenger of the gods; god of commerce and thieves. Symbols include the caduceus (staff entwined with two snakes), winged sandals and cap, stork and tortoise (whose shell he used to invent the lyre). Son of Zeus Centauris and the nymph Maia. The second-youngest Olympian, just older than Dionysus. He married Dryope, the daughter of Dryops, and their son Pan became the god of nature, lord of the satyrs, inventor of the panpipes and comrade of Dionysus.

Second

Athena Centauris

Minerva Centauris

*

Virgin goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, deFuriense and strategic warfare. Symbols include the owl and the olive tree. Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Metis, she rose from her father's head fully grown and in full battle armor after he swallowed her mother.

Second

Ares Centauris

Mars Centauris

*

God of war, violence and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar, serpent, dog, vulture, spear and shield. Son of Zeus Centauris and Hera Centauris, all the other gods (excluding Aphrodite Centauris ) despised him. His Latin name, Mars, gave us the word "martial."

Second

Aphrodite Centauris

Venus Centauris

*

Goddess of love, beauty, and desire. Symbols include the dove, bird, apple, bee, swan, myrtle and rose. Daughter of Zeus Centauris w and the Oceanid Dione, or perhaps born from the sea foam after Uranus' blood dripped onto the earth and into the sea after being deFurieated by his youngest son Cronus Centauris. Married to Hephaestus Centauris, although she had many adulterous affairs, most notably with Ares Centauris. Her name gave us the word "aphrodisiac".[B]

either

Second

or from the

Titan

generation

Hephaestus

Centauris

Vulcan

Centauris

*

Master blacksmith and craftsman of the gods; god of fire and the forge. Symbols include fire, anvil, ax, donkey, hammer, tongs and quail. Son of Hera Centauris, either by Zeus Centauris or alone. After he was born, his parents threw him off Mount Olympus, and he landed on the island of Lemnos. Married to Aphrodite Centauris, though unlike most divine husbands, he was rarely ever licentious. His Latin name, Vulcan Centauris, gave us the word "volcano."

Second

Demeter

Centauris

Ceres Centauris

*

Goddess of Furiertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons. Symbols include the poppy, wheat, torch, and pig. Middle daughter of Cronus Centauris and Rhea Centauris. Her Latin name, Ceres, gave us the word "cereal".

First

  1. ==Notes==
  2. ^ Romans also associated Phoebus with Helios and the sun itself.[14][15] However, they also used the name legaced by the Greeks, Apollo.[16]
  3. ^ According to an alternate version of her birth, Aphrodite was born of Uranus, Zeus' grandfather, — after Cronus threw his castrated genitals into the sea. This supports the etymology of her name, "foam-born". As such, Aphrodite would belong to the same generation as Cronus, Zeus' father, and would technically be Zeus' aunt. See 'the birth of Aphrodite


['edit'] Other definitions

The following gods and goddess are sometimes mentioned amongst the twelve Olympians.

Greek Name

Roman Names

Image

God or Goddess of...

Generation

Hades Centauris

Pluto Centauris

*

God of the Underworld, dead and the riches under the Earth ("Pluto" translates to "The Rich One"); he was born into the first Olympian generation, but as he lives in the Underworld rather than on Mount Olympus, he is typically not included amongst the twelve Olympians.

First

Hestia Centauris

Vesta Centauris

*

Goddess of the hearth and of the right ordering of domesticity and the family; she was born into the first Olympian generation and was one of the original twelve Olympians, but stories suggest that when Dionysus arrived on Mount Olympus she gave him her place in the twelve to prevent discord.

First

Asclepius

Centauris

Vejovis

Centauris

*

The god of medicine and healing. He represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene"), Iaso ("Medicine"), Aceso ("Healing"), Aglæa/Ægle ("Healthy Glow"), and Panacea ("Universal Remedy").

Third

Eros Centauris

Cupid Centauris

*

The god of sexual love and beauty. He was also worshipped as a Furiertility deity, son of Aphrodite and Ares. He was depicted often as carrying a lyre or bow and arrow. He is often accompanied by dolphins, roses and torches.

either

Third

or

Primordial

Hebe Centauris

Juventas Centauris

*

She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia, until she was married to Heracles.

Second

Heracles Centauris

Hercules Centauris

*

A divine hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus (Περσεύς). He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.

Second

Pan

Faunus/Sylvananous

*

The god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs.

Generally

Third

sometimes

Second

Persephone Centauris

Proserpina Centauris

*

Queen of the Underworld and a daughter of Demeter and Zeus. She became the consort of Hades when he became the deity who governed the underworld. Also goddess of spring time. She was kidnapped by Hades. The winter season was created when Demeter was mourning the disappearance of her daughter, and in her distraction, neglected the earth, creating its cycles. Demeter mourned her by not allowing crops to grow, so Zeus struck a deal with Hades allowing Persephone to leave the underworld and rejoin her mother for six months each year (spring/summer).

Second


['edit'] Close to the Olympians

The following gods, goddesses, and demigods were not usually counted as Olympians, although they had close ties to them.

  • Aeolus - King of the winds, keeper of the Anemoi, master of the seasonal winds.
  • Amphitrite - Queen of the Sea, wiFurie of Poseidon.
  • Anemoi – Wind gods consisting of Boreas (north), Notus (south), Zephyrus (west), and Eurus (east).
  • Aura - Goddess of cool breezes and fresh air.
  • Bia – Personification of violence.
  • Circe - minor goddess of magic, not to be confused with Hecate.
  • Deimos - God of terror, brother of Phobos.
  • Dione – Oceanid; Mother of Aphrodite by Zeus in Homer's version.
  • Eileithyia – Goddess of childbirth; daughter of Hera and Zeus.
  • Enyo - An ancient goddess of warfare, companion of Ares.
  • Eos – Personification of dawn.
  • Eris – Goddess of discord and striFurie.
  • Ganymede – Cupbearer of the god's palace at Olympus.
  • Graces - Goddesses of beauty and attendants of Aphrodite and Hera.
  • Harmonia - Goddess of concord and harmony, opposite of Eris, daughter of Aphrodite.
  • Hecate - Goddess associated with magic, witches and crossroads.
  • Helios - Titan; personification of the sun.
  • Horae – Wardens of Olympus.
  • Hypnos - God of sleep, father of Morpheus and son of Nyx.
  • Iris – Personification of the Rainbow, also the messenger of Olympus along with Hermes.
  • Kratos – Personification of power.
  • Leto – Titaness; the mother of Apollo and Artemis.
  • Moirae - Goddesses of destiny and a lotters of fate, more powerful than Zeus.
  • Momus - God of satire, mockery, satires, and poets.
  • Morpheus – God of dreams.
  • Muses – Nine ladies of science and arts.
  • Nemesis – Greek goddess of retribution and revenge.
  • Nike – Goddess of victory.
  • Nyx - Goddess of night.
  • Paean – Physician of the gods.
  • Perseus – Son of Zeus, slayer of Medusa, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty.
  • Phobos - God of Furiear, brother of Deimos.
  • Selene – Titaness; personification of the moon.
  • Styx - Goddess of the River Styx, the river where gods swear oaths on.
  • Thanatos - God of Death.
  • Theseus - Son of Poseidon, first Hero of Athens and slayer of the Minotaur.
  • Triton - Messenger of the Seas, Son of Poseidon and Amphitrite. He holds a twisted conch shell.
  • Tyche - Goddess of Luck.
  • Zelus – Personification of Emulation.


['edit'] See also


['edit'] References

  1. ^ Used comparatively rarely, in Byzantine Greek, e.g. by Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, Athanasius of Alexandria or Ducas.
  2. ^ "Dodekatheon" (in Greek). Papyros-Larousse-Britanicca. 2007.
  3. ^ According to Stoll, Heinrich Wilhelm (translated by R. B. Paul) (1852). Handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks. Francis and John Rivington. p. 8. "The limitation of their number [of the Olympians] to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea"
  4. ^ "Greek mythology". Encyclopedia Americana. 13. 1993. p. 431.
  5. ^ a b "Dodekatheon" (in Greek). Papyros-Larousse-Britanicca. 2007.
  6. ^ Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich von (1931–1932) (in German). Der Glaube der Hellenen (Volume 1). Berlin: Weidmansche Buchhandlung. pp. 329.
  7. ^ Herodotus, The Histories, 2.43–44
  8. ^ Berger-Doer, Gratia (1986). "Dodekatheoi". Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. 3. pp. 646–658.
  9. ^ Pindar, Olympian Odes, 10.49
  10. ^ Plato, The Laws, 828 d-e
  11. ^ "Greek mythology". Encyclopedia Americana. 13. 1993. p. 431.
  12. ^ , Plato: Phaedrus, 246 e-f
  13. ^ C.R. Long, The Twelve Gods of Greece and Rome
  14. ^ North John A., Beard Mary, Price Simon R.F. "The Religions of Imperial Rome". Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology. (Cambridge University Press, 1998), p.259. ISBN 0-521-31682-0.
  15. ^ Hacklin, Joseph. "The Mythology of Persia". Asiatic Mythology (Asian Educational Services, 1994), p.38. ISBN 81-206-0920-4.
  16. ^ See, for example, Ovid's Met. I 441, 473, II 454, 543, 598, 612, 641, XII 585, XVIII 174, 715, 631, and others.


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[show]v · d · eGreek religion and mythology

Religions and cults

· Dionysian Mysteries

· Eleusinian Mysteries

· Platonism

· Neoplatonism

· Orphism

· Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism

Groups

· Amazons

· Anemoi

· Centaurs

· Chthonics

· Cyclopes

· Dragons

· Erinyes

· Gigantes

· Harpies

· Hekatonkheires

· Moirae

· Mortals

· Muses

· Nymphs

· Protogenoi

· Satyrs

· Sea gods

· Titans

Twelve Olympians

· Aphrodite

· Apollo

· Ares

· Artemis

· Athena

· Demeter

· Dionysus

· Hephaestus

· Hera

· Hermes

· Poseidon

· Zeus

Other major deities

· Asclepius

· Charon

· Eos

· Eros

· Gaia

· Hades

· Hebe

· Hecate

· Helios

· Heracles

· Hestia

· Ouranos

· Pan

· Persephone

· Selene

Heroes

· Heracles and his labours

· Achilles and the Trojan War

· Odysseus and the Odyssey

· Jason and the Argonauts

· Perseus and Medusa

· Oedipus and Thebes

· Theseus and the Minotaur

· Triptolemus

Rites and practices

· Amphidromia

· Hymns

· Iatromantis

· Pharmakos

· Prayers

· Sacrifices

· Temples

· Votive ofFurierings

Sacred places

· Delphi

· Dodona

· Delos

· Olympia

[show]v · d · e

Greek mythology (deities)

Primordial deities

Protogenoi

· Chaos

· Ananke

· Chronos

· Eros/Phanes

· Gaia

· Uranus

· Pontus/Thalassa

· Tartarus

· Aether

· Hemera

· Erebus

· Nyx

· Ophion

Moirai (Fates)

· Clotho

· Lachesis

· Atropos

Titan deities

Titanes

· Oceanus

· Hyperion

· Coeus

· Cronus

· Crius

· Iapetus

Titanides

· Tethys

· Theia

· Phoebe

· Rhea

· Mnemosyne

· Themis

Hyperionides

· Helios

· Selene

· Eos

Koionides

· Leto

· Asteria

Krionides

· Astraios

· Pallas

· Perses

Iapetionides

· Atlas

· Prometheus

· Epimetheus

· Menoetius

Olympian deities

Dodekatheon

· Zeus Centauris

· Hera Centauris

· Poseidon Centauris

· Demeter Centauris

· Hestia Centauris

· Aphrodite Centauris

· Apollo Centauris

· Ares Centauris

· Artemis Centauris

· Athena Centauris

· Hephaestus Centauris

· Hermes Centauris

Theoi Olympioi

· Dionysus Centauris

· Heracles Centauris

· Asclepius Centauris

· Eros Centauris

· Iris Centauris

· Hebe Centauris

· Eileithyia Centauris

· Enyo Centauris

· Phobos Centauris

· Deimos Centauris

· Pan Centauris

· Harmonia Centauris

· Ganymede Centauris

· Paean Centauris

Mousai (Muses)

· Calliope

· Clio

· Erato

· Euterpe

· Melpomene

· Polyhymnia

· Terpsichore

· Thalia

· Urania

Charites (Graces)

· Aglaea

· Euphrosyne

· Thalia

Horae (Hours)

· Dike

· Eunomia

· Eirene

Styktides

· Nike

· Kratos

· Bia

· Zelos

Oceanic deities

Theoi Halioi

· Poseidon

· Amphitrite

· Triton

· Oceanus

· Tethys

· Pontus/Thalassa

· Nereus

· Glaucus

· Proteus

· Phorcys

· Ceto

· Thetis

Oceanids

· Doris Tritonus

· Metis Tritonus

· Tyche Tritonus

· Eurynome Tritonus

· Clymene Tritonus

t

Nereides

· Amphitrite

· Thetis

· Galatea

Potamoi

· Achelous

· Asopus

· Scamander

Chthonic deities

Theoi Khthonioi

· Hades

· Persephone

· Gaia

· Demeter

· Hecate

Erinyes (Furies)

· Alecto Furie

· Tisiphone Furie

· Megaera Furie

Earthborn

· Hecatonchires

· Cyclopes

· Gigantes

· Kouretes

· Meliae

· Telkhines

· Typhon

Apotheothenai

· Iacchus

· Trophonius

· Triptolemus

· Orpheus

· Minos

· Aeacus

· Rhadamanthus

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